St Kilda West, Victoria
|St Kilda West|
|Population||3,162 (2016 census)|
|• Density||6,590/km2 ( 17,060/sq mi)|
|Area||0.48 km2 (0.2 sq mi)|
|Location||5 km (3 mi) from Melbourne CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Port Phillip|
|State electorate(s)||Albert Park|
|Federal Division(s)||Melbourne Ports|
St Kilda West is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 5 km south of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Port Phillip. At the 2016 Census, St Kilda West had a population of 3,162.
St Kilda West is bounded by Albert Park and Canterbury Road in the north-east and south-east, West Beach Road, Scoops Lane and Beaconsfield Parade in the south-west, Port Phillip Bay in the west, and Fraser Street in the north and north-west.
It is a primarily residential area characterised by a mix of medium density terrace housing and flats, dating from the turn of the century to modern hi-rise apartments along the foreshore and closer to near Albert Park. The suburb's community and commercial facilities (including schools and shops) are located in nearby suburbs.
The area of St Kilda West was formerly a large swamp which was drained in the early 1870s to facilitate the development of housing which was laid out in regular grid plan and subdivided in stages. Tree lined boulevards were planned for Mary Street and Park Street along which late Victorian and Edwardian terrace housing proved popular.
Trams connected the area to St Kilda and Melbourne on 31 October 1925. It was connected by tram which originally ran along Mary Street and Beaconsfield Parade. On 8 November 1959 the track along Mary St and Beaconsfield Parade, St Kilda West were abandoned in favour of a short extension along Park Street to Fitzroy Street, St Kilda, route 12's current terminus.
The railway reservation along Canterbury Road was sold off in the 1990s for townhouse development.
Beaconsfield Hotel, (1880) closed in 2004, the building is a notable landmark with its Italianate towers and has been proposed to be converted into apartments.
The beach foreshore and Catani Gardens (1906) was planned by Italian civil engineer Carlo Catani with its Edwardian style central rotunda.
The Canterbury flats built on Canterbury Road (1914-1919) by architects H.W. & F.B Tompkins is one of Melbourne's earliest apartment buildings.
The West Beach Bathers Pavilion at West Beach (1928) was adaptively reused as a cafe and opened in 2004.
The former Cowderoy Dairy on Cowderoy Street (1932) is an art deco building that has been converted into a popular cafe adjacent to a small central park.
St Kilda War Memorial was erected at Catani Gardens following World War II.
Newman House on Canterbury Road (200) by architect Cassandra Fahey became a pop architecture icon when completed for local celebrity Sam Newman featuring an image of Pamela Anderson's face. Sam did not first obtain council permission, however permits were issued retrospectively when it became a major local landmark and won the award for Best New Residential Building in the RAIA Victorian Architecture awards. Newman never lived in the house and sold it for $1.1 million in mid-2002.
Open and recreational space
The suburb has several parks, most notably Catani Gardens and the West Beach foreshore. Other smaller parks include Johnson Reserve on Canterbury Road and the Jacoby Reserve, all of which have playground facilities for children. The Cummins linear reserve on the median of Beaconsfield Parade has public toilets at the Cowderoy St end. Just outside the suburb are the Albert Park and Lake running along the suburb's border to the north east and Cleve Gardens and St Kilda foreshore gardens to the south.
The main thoroughfares are Canterbury Road and Beaconsfield Parade. Both are dual carriageways. Park Street runs along the spine of the suburb and is a single carriageway.
Before conversion to light rail (route 96) in 1987, the rail reserve parallel to Canterbury Road served as the St. Kilda rail line, with services to Flinders Street via Middle Park, Albert Park and South Melbourne. Route 112 was replaced by route 12 on 26 July 2014 as part of a wider timetable change to the Yarra Trams network.
St Kilda West is serviced by four tram routes:
|3a||Melbourne University - East Malvern (weekend deviation)||Fitzroy Street|
|12||Victoria Gardens - St. Kilda/Fitzroy St||Park Street|
|16||Melbourne University - Kew||Fitzroy Street|
|96||East Brunswick - St. Kilda Beach||Fitzroy Street|
- City of St Kilda - the former local government area of which St Kilda West was a part
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "St Kilda East (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- "Re: Barkly Street", jebounds, retrieved 17 October 2011
- "Capacity boost for tram passengers".