St Kilda West, Victoria
|St Kilda West
|Population||2,845 (2011 census)|
|• Density||5,930/km2 (15,350/sq mi)|
|Area||0.48 km2 (0.2 sq mi)|
|Location||5 km (3 mi) from Melbourne CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Port Phillip|
|State electorate(s)||Albert Park|
|Federal Division(s)||Melbourne Ports|
St Kilda West is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 5 km south of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Port Phillip. At the 2011 Census, St Kilda West had a population of 2,845.
It is bounded in the west by Port Phillip Bay, in the north by Fraser Street, in the east by the former St Kilda railway line (now tram route 96) and in the south by a line generally along West Beach Road, a block north of Fitzroy Street.
It is a primarily residential area characterised by a mix of medium density terrace housing and flats, dating from the turn of the century to modern hi-rise apartments along the foreshore and closer to near Albert Park. The suburb's community and commercial facilities (including schools and shops) are located in nearby suburbs.
The area of St Kilda West was formerly a large swamp which was drained in the early 1870s to facilitate the development of housing which was laid out in regular grid plan and subdivided in stages. Tree lined boulevards were planned for Mary Street and Park Street along which late Victorian and Edwardian terrace housing proved popular.
St Kilda West Post Office opened around March 1879 (from 1886 until 1970 it was known as St Kilda Railway Station office).
St Kilda West was originally part of the City of St Kilda.
Trams connected the area to St Kilda and Melbourne on 31 October 1925. It was connected by tram which originally ran along Mary Street and Beaconsfield Parade. On 8 November 1959 the track along Mary St and Beaconsfield Parade, St Kilda West were abandoned in favour of a short extension along Park Street to Fitzroy Street, St Kilda, route 112's current terminus.
The railway reservation along Canterbury Road was sold off in the 1990s for townhouse development.
Beaconsfield Hotel, (1880) closed in 2004, the building is a notable landmark with its Italianate towers and has been proposed to be converted into apartments.
The beach foreshore and Catani Gardens (1906) was planned by Italian civil engineer Carlo Catani with its Edwardian style central rotunda.
The Canterbury flats built on Canterbury Road (1914-1919) by architects H.W. & F.B Tompkins is one of Melbourne's earliest apartment buildings.
The West Beach Bathers Pavilion at West Beach (1928) was adaptively reused as a cafe and opened in 2004.
The former Cowderoy Dairy on Cowderoy Street (1932) is an art deco building that has been converted into a popular cafe adjacent to a small central park.
St Kilda War Memorial was erected at Catani Gardens following World War II.
Newman House on Canterbury Road (200) by architect Cassandra Fahey became a pop architecture icon when completed for local celebrity Sam Newman featuring an image of Pamela Anderson's face. Sam did not first obtain council permission, however permits were issued retrospectively when it became a major local landmark and won the award for Best New Residential Building in the RAIA Victorian Architecture awards. Newman never lived in the house and sold it for $1.1 million in mid-2002.
Open and recreational space
The suburb has several parks, most notably Catani Gardens and the West Beach foreshore. Other smaller parks include Johnson Reserve on Canterbury Road and the Jacoby Reserve all which have playground facilities for children. The Cummins linear reserve on the median of Beaconsfield Parade and have public toilets. Just outside the suburb are the Albert Park and Lake runs along the suburb's border to the north east and Cleve Gardens and St Kilda foreshore gardens to the south.
The main collector roads are Canterbury Road and Beaconsfield Parade. Both are dual carriageways. Park Street runs along the spine of the suburb and is a single carriageway.
St Kilda West is serviced by two tram routes both with duplicated track - Melbourne tram route 112 (which runs along Park Street) and Melbourne tram route 96 (which runs along the light rail reserve). The suburb has a light rail station in the north at Fraser Street while the St Kilda Metropol light rail station is just outside the south east border as well as three additional tram superstops along Fitzroy Street
- City of St Kilda - the former local government area of which St Kilda West was a part
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "St Kilda West(State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- "Re: Barkly Street", jebounds, retrieved 17 October 2011