St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal

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St Lucia
Main beach at St Lucia
Main beach at St Lucia
St Lucia is located in KwaZulu-Natal
St Lucia
St Lucia
 St Lucia shown within KwaZulu-Natal
St Lucia is located in South Africa
St Lucia
St Lucia
St Lucia (South Africa)
St Lucia is located in Africa
St Lucia
St Lucia
St Lucia (Africa)
Coordinates: 28°22′59″S 32°25′01″E / 28.383°S 32.417°E / -28.383; 32.417Coordinates: 28°22′59″S 32°25′01″E / 28.383°S 32.417°E / -28.383; 32.417
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictUmkhanyakude
MunicipalityMtubatuba
Area[1]
 • Total2.68 km2 (1.03 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total1,104
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African41.0%
 • Coloured3.8%
 • Indian/Asian2.1%
 • White52.3%
 • Other0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans38.2%
 • English30.9%
 • Zulu26.4%
 • Other4.5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
PO box3936
Area code035

St Lucia is a settlement in Umkhanyakude District Municipality in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. The small town is mainly a hub for the Greater St Lucia Wetlands Park.[2]

History[edit]

Evidence of early man living in the caves up high in the Lebombo mountains dating back 130 000 years ago provided scientists with clues regarding the lifestyle of these prehistoric settlers. From this cave alone some 69,000 stone implements and various human remains have been recovered. Some of these tools date back to the middle and early stone ages (130,000 to 30,000 years ago).[citation needed]

St. Lucia was first named in 1554 as Rio dos Medos do Ouro (alternatively Rio dos Médãos do OuroRiver of the Gold Dunes)[3][4] by the survivors of the Portuguese ship São Bento.[5] At this stage, only the Tugela River mouth was known as St. Lucia. Later, in 1575, the Tugela River was named Tugela. On 13 December 1575, the day of the feast of Saint Lucy, Manuel Peresterello renamed the mouth area to Santa Lucia.

In 1822, St. Lucia was proclaimed by the British as a township.
In 1895, St. Lucia Game Reserve, 30 km north of the town was proclaimed.
In 1971, St. Lucia Lake and the turtle beaches and coral reefs of Maputaland have been listed by the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention).
In December 1999, the park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Animals in the park[edit]

The park is also home to about 1,200 Nile Crocodiles and almost 800 Hippopotami.[citation needed]

Other animals include leopards, Greater Kudu, Black Rhinos, rich avifauna and numerous invertebrates.[6][7]

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Under Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, it has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa).[8]

Climate data for St Lucia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.6
(83.5)
26.7
(80.1)
24.6
(76.3)
22.8
(73)
22.5
(72.5)
23.7
(74.7)
24.4
(75.9)
25.1
(77.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26
(78.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.5
(76.1)
22.4
(72.3)
19.9
(67.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.5
(63.5)
19
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
21.1
(70)
22.5
(72.5)
24.2
(75.6)
21.6
(70.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.4
(68.7)
18.2
(64.8)
15.3
(59.5)
12.6
(54.7)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16.2
(61.2)
17.2
(63)
18.7
(65.7)
20.3
(68.5)
17.3
(63.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 139
(5.47)
133
(5.24)
120
(4.72)
100
(3.94)
78
(3.07)
59
(2.32)
58
(2.28)
59
(2.32)
72
(2.83)
103
(4.06)
111
(4.37)
97
(3.82)
1,129
(44.44)
Average rainy days 12 12 11 9 8 7 7 7 9 12 13 10 117
Mean daily sunshine hours 8 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 8 8
Source #1: Climate-Data.org[8]
Source #2: Weather2Travel (rainy days, sunshine)[9]
St Lucia mean sea temperature[9]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
26 °C (79 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 26 °C (79 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 23 °C (73 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 23 °C (73 °F) 24 °C (75 °F) 25 °C (77 °F)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place St Lucia". Census 2011.
  2. ^ "St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal". SA Travel Directory. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  3. ^ Gomes de Brito, Bernanrdo (1735). HISTORIA TRAGICO-MARITIMA Em que se escrevem chronologicamente os Naufragios que tiveraõ as Naos de Portugal, depois que se poz em exercicio a Navegação da India, Volume 1 (PDF) (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Officina da Congregação do Oratorio. p. 109. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  4. ^ Xavier Botelho, Sebastião (1835). Memoria estatistica sobre os dominios portuguezes na Africa Oriental, Volume 1 (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Typ. de José Baptista Morando. p. 77. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  5. ^ Philip Briggs (September 2008). Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park. 30° South Publishers. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-9584891-7-1.
  6. ^ Nel, H.A., Perissinotto, R. & Taylor, R.H. 2012. Diversity of bivalve molluscs in the St Lucia Estuary, with an annotated and illustrated checklist. African Invertebrates 53 (2): 503-525."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-24. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  7. ^ Perissinotto, R., Taylor, R.H., Carrasco, N.K. & Fox, C. 2013. Observations on the bloom-forming jellyfish Crambionella stuhlmanni (Chun, 1896) in the St Lucia Estuary, South Africa. African Invertebrates 54 (1): 161–170.[1]
  8. ^ a b "Climate: St. Lucia - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  9. ^ a b "St Lucia Climate and Weather Averages, South Africa". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 23 August 2013.

External links[edit]