St Luke Old Street

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St Luke's Old Street
Finsbury st lukes 1.jpg
2006 photo
LocationOld Street, London
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationChurch of England (Deconsecrated)
History
Founded1733
DedicationSt Luke
Architecture
Functional statusPreserved
Used as concert venue by the LSO
Architect(s)John James and Nicholas Hawksmoor
Years built1727–1733
Closed1959
Administration
DioceseLondon

St Luke's is a historic Anglican church building in central London, and in the London Borough of Islington. It served as a parish church from 1733 to 1959. It was designed by John James and Nicholas Hawksmoor, and is a Grade I listed building.

Following closure in 1959, the church stood derelict and roofless for some 40 years, but since 2003 has been a music centre operated by the London Symphony Orchestra and known as LSO St Luke's. It is the home of the LSO's community and music education programme, LSO Discovery. The main body of the building seats up to 372 and is used by the LSO for rehearsals, and by a wide variety of musicians for performances and recording. Additional rooms in the crypt provide practice facilities for professional musicians, students and community groups.

History[edit]

The north side of St Luke's, showing the distortion of the windows caused by the subsidence which prompted the church's closure
The weather vane

The church is sited on Old Street, north of the City of London. It was built to relieve the City church of St Giles-without-Cripplegate, Cripplegate,[1] under the Commission for Building Fifty New Churches, an attempt to meet the religious needs of London's burgeoning 18th-century population. The ancient parish of St Giles lay partly within the City and partly outside its boundaries in Middlesex: under the Commissioners' scheme these two parts were to be separated, with the Middlesex portion (historically the Manor of Finsbury[2]) becoming a new parish of St Luke's. Construction began in 1727 and was completed in 1733, when the church was consecrated on 18 October (St Luke's day), and the parish detached from that of St Giles.[3]

The architects were the joint salaried surveyors to the Commission, John James and Nicholas Hawksmoor. James is thought to have been responsible for the body of the church, and Hawksmoor for the west tower, the flanking staircase wings, and the obelisk spire (a most unusual feature for an Anglican church).[4][5] The spire was topped by an unusual weather vane depicting the head of a dragon with a fiery comet-like tail: this was misinterpreted locally as a louse, and by the mid-20th century had gained the church the nickname "lousy St Luke's".[6][7][8][9]

The church stood on often waterlogged ground, near the (historically) notoriously marshy Moorfields area, and from an early date (but particularly from the beginning of the 20th century) suffered from problems of subsidence.[5][10] The effects of the subsidence remain visible in the distorted shapes of the windows on the north side of the building.

Burials[edit]

The Caslon family grave

Burials in the small churchyard included:

In preparation for the conversion of the church into a music centre, the crypt was cleared of burials in the year 2000. A total of 1053 burials were archaeologically recorded, removed, and reburied at Brookwood Cemetery, Surrey.[11] A television documentary, "Changing Tombs" (2001), recorded the process.[12]

Deconsecration and reuse[edit]

In 1959, in response to structural problems at the church resulting from subsidence, and to a declining inner-city population, the Diocese of London closed St Luke's and the parish was re-absorbed into that of St Giles-without-Cripplegate.[13] The following year the font and organ case were moved to St Giles' church, the reredos and altar rails to St Andrew Holborn, and the roof was removed for safety reasons.[13] The crypt was bricked up in 1964.[14] The empty shell of St Luke's became a dramatic ruin for some 40 years, overgrown with trees, despite being a Grade I listed building.

After several controversial proposals to redevelop offices inside the retained walls, it was converted by the St Luke Centre Management Company Ltd for the London Symphony Orchestra as a concert hall, rehearsal and recording space, and educational resource. The conversion was designed by Axel Burrough at London architects Levitt Bernstein, who installed a heavy concrete slab roof which keeps out traffic noise from the nearby road. Though this is similar in profile to the former eighteenth-century roof, its great weight is supported on tall steel columns inside the hall described by the designer as "tree-like". The interior acoustic can be varied for different events, from full orchestra to soloists, by the use of absorbent surfaces that unroll like blinds across the ceiling and down the walls, whilst the seating and staging are also highly flexible. Work was completed in 2002, and the centre was brought into use early in 2003.[15]

Special events[edit]

The venue regularly hosts open rehearsals by the London Symphony Orchestra in advance of concerts at the nearby Barbican Hall, and has pioneered genre-busting events such as the Eclectica series, which combines classical, jazz, experimental and electronic sound-worlds.[16]

Junior Trinity, the junior department of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance have also performed at LSO St Luke's as part of their seasonal concerts with their Symphony Orchestra, Wind Orchestra, Sinfonia, Big Band, and other notable groups.

During 2006 the BBC used the venue to record concerts by Bruce Springsteen and Paul Simon for broadcast.

Sir Elton John also recorded a concert to publicise his album The Captain & the Kid.

In 2007 MTV used the venue to record a concert from Editors, for broadcast in the same year.

Patti Smith, Philip Glass and Lenny Kaye performed a tribute to Allen Ginsberg in 2007.

Van Morrison recorded a concert at St Luke's on BBC Four Sessions on 25 April 2008 featuring songs from his 2008 album, Keep It Simple.[17]

In September 2008, Duffy played there for BBC Sessions; the concert was televised on 12 October 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Timeline of London accessed 25 Apr 2007 Archived 15 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Records of St Giles without Cripplegate, Chapter 6 see https://archive.org/stream/recordsstgilesc01dentgoog/recordsstgilesc01dentgoog_djvu.txt
  3. ^ Purcell Miller Tritton 2000, pp. 5, 17, 41.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Former Church of St Luke (Grade I) (1195700)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b Downes 1960.
  6. ^ Kent, William (1951). An Encyclopaedia of London (2nd ed.). London: Dent. p. 291.
  7. ^ "Londoner's Diary – Title was wrong". Evening Standard. 5 March 1951. p. 5.
  8. ^ "Rival theories on a weathervane". The Times. No. 52578. 24 March 1953. p. 3.
  9. ^ Needham, A. (1953). English Weathervanes: their stories and legends from medieval to modern times. Haywards Heath: Charles Clarke. pp. 33–34.
  10. ^ Purcell Miller Tritton 2000, p. 19.
  11. ^ Boyle, Boston & Witkin 2005.
  12. ^ "Changing Tombs (2001)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  13. ^ a b Purcell Miller Tritton 2000, pp. 19, 43.
  14. ^ Purcell Miller Tritton 2000, pp. 21, 43.
  15. ^ Glancey, Jonathan (27 February 2003). "Invasion of the bodysnatchers". The Guardian. London.
  16. ^ "LSO St Luke's UBS Soundscapes: Eclectica". LSO St Luke's. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  17. ^ BBC Four sessions

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′30.66″N 0°5′38.61″W / 51.5251833°N 0.0940583°W / 51.5251833; -0.0940583