St Margaret's Bay Windmill

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St Margaret's Bay Windmill
Mill locationSt Margaret's at Cliffe, Kent
Grid referenceTR 363 436
Coordinates51°8′31.5″N 1°22′35″E / 51.142083°N 1.37639°E / 51.142083; 1.37639Coordinates: 51°8′31.5″N 1°22′35″E / 51.142083°N 1.37639°E / 51.142083; 1.37639
Year built1929
PurposeElectricity generation
TypeSmock mill
StoreysThree-storey smock
Base storeysSingle-storey base
Smock sidesEight-sided
No. of sailsFour
Type of sailsDouble Patent sails
WindshaftCast iron
Fantail bladesSix blades
Other informationLast new build traditional windmill in Kent.

St Margaret's Bay Windmill is a Grade II listed[1] Smock mill on South Foreland, the southeasternmost point of England. It was built in 1929 to generate electricity for the attached house, high on the White Cliffs of Dover.


The mill was built for Sir William Bearswell by Holman's, the Canterbury millwrights. It was built to generate electricity and started generating in June 1929.[2] The mill ceased to generate electricity in 1939, when the dynamo was removed.[3] During the Second World War, the mill was occupied by a special branch of the WRNS.[4] Repairs were done to the mill in 1969 by millwrights Vincent Pargeter and Philip Lennard. These included a new fantail and repairs to the sails.[3]


St Margaret's Bay Windmill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has four patent sails and is winded by a fantail.[2] The mill generated electricity via a dynamo and is now used as residential accommodation, a use it has always had.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Historic England. "ST MARGARET'S BAY WINDMILL, THE FRONT, ST MARGARETS AT CLIFFE, DOVER, KENT (1101503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  2. ^ a b Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. p. 268.
  3. ^ a b c West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. 67–68. ISBN 0-284-98534-1.
  4. ^ Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale. pp. 108–09. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3.

External links[edit]