St Margaret's Bay Windmill

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St Margaret's Bay Windmill
Origin
Mill locationSt Margaret's at Cliffe, Kent
Grid referenceTR 363 436
Coordinates51°8′31.5″N 1°22′35″E / 51.142083°N 1.37639°E / 51.142083; 1.37639Coordinates: 51°8′31.5″N 1°22′35″E / 51.142083°N 1.37639°E / 51.142083; 1.37639
Year built1929
Information
PurposeElectricity generation
TypeSmock mill
StoreysThree-storey smock
Base storeysSingle-storey base
Smock sidesEight-sided
No. of sailsFour
Type of sailsDouble Patent sails
WindshaftCast iron
WindingFantail
Fantail bladesSix blades
Other informationLast new build traditional windmill in Kent.

St Margaret's Bay Windmill is a Grade II listed[1] Smock mill on South Foreland, the southeasternmost point of England. It was built in 1929 to generate electricity for the attached house, high on the White Cliffs of Dover.

History[edit]

The mill was built for Sir William Bearswell by Holman's, the Canterbury millwrights. It was built to generate electricity and started generating in June 1929.[2] The mill ceased to generate electricity in 1939, when the dynamo was removed.[3] During the Second World War, the mill was occupied by a special branch of the WRNS.[4] Repairs were done to the mill in 1969 by millwrights Vincent Pargeter and Philip Lennard. These included a new fantail and repairs to the sails.[3]

Description[edit]

St Margaret's Bay Windmill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has four patent sails and is winded by a fantail.[2] The mill generated electricity via a dynamo and is now used as residential accommodation, a use it has always had.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "ST MARGARET'S BAY WINDMILL, THE FRONT, ST MARGARETS AT CLIFFE, DOVER, KENT (1101503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  2. ^ a b Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. p. 268.
  3. ^ a b c West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. 67–68. ISBN 0-284-98534-1.
  4. ^ Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale. pp. 108–09. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3.

External links[edit]