St Martin's, Isles of Scilly

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St Martin's
St Martin's bay from Scilly point - geograph.org.uk - 215314.jpg
The north coast
St Martin's is located in Isles of Scilly
St Martin's
St Martin's
Location within Isles of Scilly
Population136 (2011)
OS grid referenceSV924341
Civil parish
  • St Martin's
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townISLES OF SCILLY
Postcode districtTR25
Dialling code01720
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireIsles of Scilly
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
49°57′50″N 6°17′20″W / 49.964°N 6.289°W / 49.964; -6.289Coordinates: 49°57′50″N 6°17′20″W / 49.964°N 6.289°W / 49.964; -6.289

St Martin's (Cornish: Brechiek, meaning "dappled island") is the northernmost populated island of the Isles of Scilly, England. It has an area of 237 hectares (0.92 sq mi).

Description[edit]

Aerial photo of St Martin's — the daymark is to the right.
The daymark on St Martin's

There are three main settlements on the island - Higher Town, Middle Town and Lower Town - in addition to a number of scattered farms and cottages, with a total population (2011 census) of 136.

There are two quays - at Higher Town (the Higher Town Quay, used at high tide) and at Lower Town (the Hotel Quay, used at low tide). In Higher Town there is a post office.

There is a vineyard on the island.[1]

To the north, St Martin's is joined by a tidal causeway to White Island.

Daymark[edit]

At the northeast corner of the island is a large red-and-white daymark. It was erected in 1683 by Thomas Ekins, first steward of the Godophin Family to live on the islands.

It is a rendered granite circular tower 4.8 metres (16 ft) in diameter and 6.4 metres (21 ft) high, set back to conical termination making it 11 metres (36 ft) high. The blocked arched entrance door contains an incorrect date of 1637. It was painted white until 1822 but by 1833 had been painted red, and is now painted in bands of red and white.

Despite its modernity, the daymark, alongside some prehistoric cairns, is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[2]

The daymark is built on the highest point of St Martin's — and the second-highest point in the Isles of Scilly — and the islands' only Ordnance Survey triangulation station is situated by the daymark; the position and relative height mean that the Cornish mainland is visible (when the weather allows) and the daymark is identifiable from the mainland too.

Religion[edit]

There are two churches on St Martin's: the Anglican parish church of St Martin's and a Methodist chapel, both located in the Higher Town area. The Methodist chapel dates from about 1845 and is part of the Isles of Scilly Methodist Circuit.[3]

Civil parish and ward[edit]

The isles of Scilly comprising the civil parish and ward of St Martin's shown in red.

St Martin's is one of the five civil parishes of the Isles of Scilly, which are also wards. The civil parish and ward include several uninhabited islands and rocks, including the Eastern Isles, Great Ganilly, English Island and White Island.[4] St Martin's returns 2 councillors to the Council of the Isles of Scilly, the same as the other "off-island" wards. The civil parish is not functional however, and there is no council or meeting.

Education[edit]

Five Islands Academy (previously Five Islands School) has its St Martin's Base, a primary campus. Secondary pupils board at the St Mary's main campus,[5] staying there on weekdays and coming back and forth to their home islands on weekends.[6]

Students at the sixth-form college level reside and board elsewhere,[7] in mainland Great Britain. Previously the Learning and Skills Council paid for costs of accommodation for sixth-formers.[8]

Population[edit]

Source[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Martin's Vineyard
  2. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1016508)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
  3. ^ Scilly Methodists St Martin's
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 map
  5. ^ "Contact Us". Five Islands Academy. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  6. ^ "Home to School Travel". Isles of Scilly Council. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  7. ^ "Schools & Colleges". Isles of Scilly Council. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  8. ^ "Education". Council of the Isles of Scilly. 2002-10-14. Retrieved 2018-12-08. There is no post-16 provision on the Islands, students leaving the Isles of Scilly (VC) Federated School attend at colleges/schools with 6th forms on the mainland.[...]
  9. ^ UK Household Census Statistics, Blue Books, HMSO

External links[edit]