St Martin's, Isles of Scilly

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St Martin's
Cornish: Brechiek
St Martins Map.png
Map of St Martin's, Isles of Scilly
St Martin's is located in Isles of Scilly
St Martin's
St Martin's
 St Martin's shown within Isles of Scilly
Population 142 (2001)
OS grid reference SV924341
Unitary authority Isles of Scilly
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ISLES OF SCILLY
Postcode district TR25
Dialling code 01720
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Isles of Scilly
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament St Ives
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 49°57′50″N 6°17′20″W / 49.964°N 6.289°W / 49.964; -6.289

St Martin's (Cornish: Brechiek, meaning "dappled island") is the northernmost populated island of the Isles of Scilly, England. It has an area of 237 hectares (0.92 sq mi).

Description[edit]

Aerial photo of St. Martins
The daymark on St Martin's

There are three main settlements on the island - Higher Town, Middle Town and Lower Town - in addition to a number of scattered farms and cottages, with a total population (2001 census) of 142.

There are two quays - at Higher Town (the Higher Town Quay, used at high tide) and at Lower Town (the Hotel Quay, used at low tide). In Higher Town there is a post office.

There is a vineyard on the island.[1]

To the north, St Martin's is joined by a tidal causeway to White Island.

Daymark[edit]

At the northeast corner of the island is a large red-and-white daymark. It was erected in 1683 by Thomas Ekins, first steward of the Godophin Family to live on the islands.

It is a rendered granite circular tower 4.8 metres (16 ft) in diameter and 6.4 metres (21 ft) high, set back to conical termination making it 11 metres (36 ft) high. The blocked arched entrance door contains an incorrect date of 1637. It was painted white until 1822 but by 1833 had been painted red, and is now painted in bands of red and white.

Despite its modernity, the daymark, alongside some prehistoric cairns, is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[2]

Religion[edit]

There are two churches on St Martin's: the Anglican parish church of St Martin's and a Methodist chapel, both located in the Higher Town area. The Methodist chapel dates from about 1845 and is part of the Isles of Scilly Methodist Circuit.[3]

Population[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Martin's Vineyard
  2. ^ "English Heritage: List entry Number 1016508". English Heritage. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  3. ^ Scilly Methodists St Martin's

External links[edit]