St Martin's, Shropshire
St Martin's Parish Church
|St Martin's shown within Shropshire|
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
The ancient Parish of St Martin's was made up of the townships of Ifton, Wiggington, Bronygarth and Weston Rhyn. Each of these townships bordered Wales, with the River Ceiriog and the River Dee forming the border. However, in 1870, the townships of Weston Rhyn and Bronygarth were formed into the new Parish of Weston Rhyn.
Ifton Band - Although the precise origins of the band are historically unknown, records start around 1915 when coal miners were coming into the region from existing mines in Staffordshire to operate the 'Gertrude Mine', which was named after the mine manager's wife. The mine was renamed Ifton Colliery, which was an offshoot of Black Park Colliery. There was a tradition that collieries had their own brass band, and a few enthusiastic Ifton miners got together to form themselves into a brass band for entertainment.
Around the 16th century, a bridge was built across the River Ceiriog at Pontfaen as part of the Chester to Cardiff highway. Later the A5, the London-Shrewsbury-Holyhead trunk road was constructed by Thomas Telford through the parish of St Martin's, crossing into Wales via the bridge at Chirk Bank.
By 1848 the Chester to Ruabon railway line had been extended south to Shrewsbury, but only one station, Preesgweene (Welsh: Preesgwyn) (later known as Weston Rhyn), was built in St Martin's parish. Later however, branch lines were built to link the collieries in the area to the main rail network.
Although predominantly an agricultural area, coal was mined in St Martin's for several centuries. The collieries at Ifton, Chirk Bank, Quinta, Trehowell, Moreton Hall and Preesgweene were, geologically, an extension of the Denbighshire coalfield. Coal production ceased in the area with the closure of the last remaining colliery in the area at Ifton in 1968. Ifton was the largest colliery in Shropshire and its workings crossed the border into Wales, linking up to the coal seams of the former collieries at Brynkinallt and Black Park.
There could potentially be a new, fairly large industrial estate built at St Martin's.
St Martin's School is a primary and secondary school located in St Martin's.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- G. G. Lerry, "Collieries of Denbighshire", 1968
- C. Neville Hurdsman, "A History of the Parishes of St. Martin's & Weston Rhyn" 2003
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