St Mary's Church, Mary Street, Dublin
|St. Mary's Church, Dublin|
St Mary's / The Church
|Previous denomination||Church of Ireland|
|Architect(s)||William Robinson, Thomas Burgh|
|Groundbreaking||1700 (foundation stone)|
St. Mary's Church, Dublin is a former Church of Ireland building on the corner of Mary Street and Jervis Street, Dublin, and adjacent to Wolfe Tone Square. From the 17th century the church was a place of worship for parishioners on Dublin's north-side, before it was closed in 1986. The church has since been deconsecrated and the building is now a pub and restaurant. The parish also had a chapel of ease - St Mary's - off Dorset Street, more commonly known as "The Black Church".
From the early middle-ages, the north-side of Dublin was served by the parish of St. Michan's and the abbey of St. Mary. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the abbey was all but closed, and in the late 17th century, the parish of St. Mary's was formed. As recorded by the original register book of the "Parish of St. Maries" (St. Marys), the parish "was separated from the Parish of St. Michans, & made a district Parish by Act of Parliament" on 20 November 1697.
The current building was designed in 1697 by Sir William Robinson, and the foundation stone was laid in 1700. Some of the church construction was overseen by Thomas Burgh, and the church is notable as the first in Dublin to be built with galleries. It was consecrated in 1701. The organ of the church was built by Renatus Harris.
The parish register records that the first rector was Peter Broun (or Browne), later Provost of Trinity College, and that the first church wardens were Robert Rochfort, the Attorney General, and Allen Brodrick, Solicitor General.
The church closed in 1986 and became a retail outlet after deconsecration. It was later converted to use as a pub and restaurant. Originally named the "John M. Keating Bar", the pub changed hands in 2007 and is now simply called "The Church".
The churchyard was converted into Wolfe Tone Square, a public park where the gravestones can be seen stacked up at the southern end.
Notable parishioners and burials
Arthur Guinness was married in St Mary's in 1761. Notable baptisms in the church include Seán O'Casey in 1880 and Theobald Wolfe Tone in 1763. (Wolfe Tone was born at 44 Stafford Street nearby. Stafford Street was later renamed after Wolfe Tone.) The Earl of Charlemont was baptized in the church in 1728, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan in 1751.
Records show that burials in the church vaults include Anne, daughter of the Bishop of Meath (interred 14 December 1725), the Rev Rawlinson Foord (also interred 14 December 1725), and Charles Campbell (interred in the chancel vault 2 November 1765). All the remains of those in the vault or crypts were later cremated and placed at St. Michans. This process was supervised by a Dublin Corporation Environmental Officer in consultation with the Representative Body of the Church of Ireland.[need quotation to verify]
The adjoining churchyard is the final resting place of the United Irishman Archibald Hamilton Rowan (1751–1834), Mary Mercer, founder of Mercer's Hospital (died 1734), the philosopher Francis Hutcheson (1694–1746), Sir Boyle Roche, 1st Baronet (1736–1807), an Irish politician and member of the Irish House of Commons, parish rector William Fletcher (1715–1771), and Lord Norbury (1745–1831; known colloquially as the hanging judge).
Notes and references
- "Scan of the original first page of the register book of the "Parish of St. Maries" (St. Marys)" (PDF). Irish Genealogy. Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "1702 – St Mary's Church, Mary Street, Dublin". Architecture of Dublin City. Archiseek.com. 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Dictionary of Irish Architects - BURGH, THOMAS". Dia.ie. 1969-04-03. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- J. Warburton, Rev. J. Whitelaw, Rev. Robert Walsh (1818). History of the City of Dublin Vol.I. pp. 507–510.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Usher, Robin. (2012). Protestant Dublin, 1660-1760: Architecture and Iconography. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-230-36216-1.
- "TheChurch.ie — History of the church". Archived from the original on 8 May 2012.
- "Notes regarding St. Mary's Churchyard] (with pictures)". Sean Murphy, Centre for Irish Genealogical and Historical Studies. 4 April 2006.
- Detail taken from copies of Writings of Theobald Wolfe Tone edited by T W Moody, R B MacDowel and C J Woods published by Clarendon Press (USA). Copyright date, 1998. ISBN 0-19-822383-8.
- "Scan of record book from 1725" (PDF). Irish Genealogy. Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Letters - Fate of St Mary's Church". The Irish Times. 3 March 2003.
- 1987 records of J. & C. Nichols, Funeral Directors[need quotation to verify]
- W. J. R. Wallace, ed. (2001). Clergy of Dublin and Glendalough. Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 633. ISBN 9781903688083.