St Mary's Church, Wirksworth
|St. Mary's Church, Wirksworth|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed building|
|Designated||24 October 1950|
|Architectural type||Perpendicular Gothic|
|Diocese||Diocese of Derby|
|Rector||Canon David Truby|
St. Mary's Church, Wirksworth, is a parish church in the Church of England in Wirksworth, Derbyshire. It is a Grade I listed building dating mostly from the 13th century, but with notable survivals from the Anglo-Saxon period. It was restored in 1870 by Sir Gilbert Scott.
The church is notable for its Anglo-Saxon carvings, and a large Anglo-Saxon coffin lid which was discovered in the churchyard in 1820. It is now mounted on the north wall of the nave. It appears to date from the second half of the 7th century. The church is also noted for containing an Anglo-Saxon carving of a lead miner, "Th' owd Man", the oldest representation of a miner anywhere in the world. It was moved here in 1863 from Bonsall church for safe-keeping and has never been returned. The parishioners of Bonsall have had a replica carved for their church.
It is one of the few remaining churches in Britain which still performs the ancient custom of Clipping the church. This takes place on the first Sunday after 8 September, the Sunday after the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
In the north aisle are the tombs of the Gell family. Sir Anthony Gell (d. 1583) has his statue on his tomb. Alongside is the simpler tomb of his father, Sir Ralph Gell.
The chancel contains the tomb of Anthony Lowe, a Gentleman of the Bedchamber who served Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I and died in 1555.
The church is in a joint parish with
- All Saints' Church, Alderwasley
- St James the Apostle's Church, Bonsall
- All Saints' Church, Bradbourne
- All Saints’ Church, Ballidon
- St James’ Church, Brassington
- St Margaret's Church, Carsington
- All Saints’ Church, Elton
- St James’ Church, Idridgehay
- Holy Trinity Church, Kirk Ireton
- Holy Trinity Church, Middleton-by-Wirksworth
This list is taken from the list displayed by the South Porch door inside the church.
In 1826 a 2 manual organ was installed by Thomas Elliot. It cost £400 (equivalent to £30,309 as of 2015), raised by subscriptions, and was placed in the tower of the church, but it was removed in 1853 to a more convenient location in the nave.
The church had a 3-manual 26 speaking stop tubular pneumatic action pipe organ installed in the north transept in 1899 by Brindley & Foster. It was rebuilt in 1955 by Kingsgate Davidson with electric action.
This organ was replaced in 1987 by a 3-manual 48 speaking stop Makin electronic digital organ.
- George Frederick Simms ????–1832
- Thomas Reeves 1832–60
- Edward Birch 1860–78
- Nicholas Mason Day 1878–98
- Carl Ashover 1899–1916
- F. Isherwood-Plummer c.1920–c.1921
- E.S. Jones c. 1923
- Harold Udall Ogdon
- Hingley James c.1937
- Christopher Dixon 1980–present
- Hackett, Richard R. (1863). Wirksworth and five miles round. British Library, Historical Print Editions. ISBN 978-1241320706.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (Grade I) (1335090)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- Millward, Roy; Robinson, Adrian Henry Wardle (1975). The Peak District. Eyre Methuen.
- The Matlock Mercury, 20 February 2002
- Magna Britannia: Volume 5: Derbyshire (1817), pp. 275–306.
- UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
- Derby Daily Telegraph, Monday 22 February 1932
- Wirksworth Advertiser 27 July 1860
- Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, Saturday 26 October 1878
- Plaque in church on pier in the north transept.
- Lichfield Mercury, Friday 18 February 1916
- Derby Daily Telegraph, Friday 7 May 1937