St Mary Magdalene, Richmond
|St Mary Magdalene, Richmond|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Architect(s)||Arthur Blomfield (Victorian modifications); George Frederick Bodley (early 20th century changes)|
|Years built||c. 1220–1904|
|Parish||St Mary Magdalene, Richmond|
|Deanery||Richmond & Barnes|
|Vicar(s)||Revd Wilma Roest|
|Organist/Director of music||Alexander Knight|
|Parish administrator||Tina Roberts|
|Official name||Church of St Mary Magdalene|
|Designated||10 January 1950|
St Mary Magdalene, Richmond, in the Anglican Diocese of Southwark, is a Grade II* listed parish church on Paradise Road, Richmond, London. The church was built in the early 16th century but has been greatly altered so that, apart from the tower, the visible parts of the church date from the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries.
Since 1996 St Mary Magdalene's has been part of the Richmond Team Ministry, which also includes the churches of St John the Divine and St Matthias. It has a strong musical tradition and offers choral services each Sunday.
The initial chapel was built in around 1220. The church was entirely reconstructed during the reign of Henry VII who, after rebuilding the royal palace of Sheen, renamed Sheen as Richmond in 1501. The two bottom sections of the tower that survive from this period were re-faced in flint in 1904.
In the early 17th century, a south aisle was added to the nave. The north aisle was added in 1699. The original nave and the south aisle were rebuilt in 1750, and iron window frames replaced the original windows in 1850.
The plaster ceiling over the nave was replaced in 1866 by the architect Arthur Blomfield with timberwork, described by Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner as "inappropriate". Blomfield also constructed new galleries and replaced the box pews with bench pews.
In 1903–04 the architect George Frederick Bodley replaced the chancel with a new chancel, two chapels (Chapel of All Souls and Chapel of All Saints) and a vestry in a Neo-Gothic style. The tower was faced with flint and stone to match the east end. The north and south galleries were removed at this time. The west gallery was removed in 1935–36.
Burials and monuments
- There is a memorial inside the church to popular novelist Mary Elizabeth Braddon, who lived in Richmond, died in 1915 and is interred in Richmond Cemetery.
- Henry Brouncker, 3rd Viscount Brouncker (d. 1688), was Cofferer of the Household to Charles II, and served as Gentleman of the Bedchamber to James, Duke of York (who became James II). He is buried at the church and there is also a memorial to him.
- The oldest monument in the church is a brass plaque to Robert Cotton (d. 1591), a courtier to Mary I and Elizabeth I.
- The church has a memorial to Richard FitzWilliam, 7th Viscount FitzWilliam (d. 1816), founder of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, and his grandfather Sir Matthew Decker (d. 1749), a merchant and writer on trade who was High Sheriff of Surrey in 1729.
- The local philanthropist William Hickey (d. 1727), whose bequest funded the building of Hickey's Almshouses in Richmond, is buried in an altar tomb in the churchyard.
- Barbara Hofland (d. 1844), author and poet, is buried in the church, and there is also a memorial to her.
- The Shakespearean actor Edmund Kean, who died in 1833, is buried in the church. There is also a memorial to him inside the church.
- Samuel Paynter, of Richmond, who died in 1844, is buried in the church. He was High Sheriff of Surrey in 1839. He is commemorated by a memorial tablet with two marble full-length angels, by Edward Hodges Baily RA FRS, who was famous for sculpting Admiral Horatio Nelson on Nelson's column in London's Trafalgar Square.
- The poet James Thomson, who wrote the lyrics of "Rule, Britannia!" and died in 1748, is buried near the font. There is a brass memorial to him inside the church: it was placed there by David Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan in 1792.
- George Wakefield (d. 1776) and his sons Thomas Wakefield (who succeeded his father as Minister at the church until his death in 1806) and Gilbert Wakefield (d. 1801), scholar and controversialist, are commemorated by memorials on the north wall.
- The actor Richard Yates (d. 1796) was buried at his own request in the chancel by his second wife Mary Ann Yates.
The organ was built in 1907 by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd, who also cleaned it in 1929 and restored it in 1965. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.
The Right Reverend Eyre Chatterton, DD, FRGS (1863–1950), an eminent Anglican author who served as Bishop of Nagpur, India from 1903 to 1926, as well as being an amateur tennis player, was appointed curate at St Mary Magdalene's in 1900.
Interior, looking towards the chancel
Edmund Kean's grave
Memorial to "Miss Braddon"
Memorial to Samuel Paynter
- "About Us". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- "Music". Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (205597)". National Heritage List for England (NHLE). Retrieved 9 September 2016.
- Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 518. ISBN 0-14-0710-47-7.
- "History of Richmond Team Ministry". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- "St Mary Magdalene". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- "St Mary Magdalene: History of St Mary's". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Meller, Hugh; Parsons, Brian (2011). London Cemeteries: An Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer (fifth ed.). Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. pp. 290–294. ISBN 9780752461830.
- Parry-Wingfield, Catherine. "Barbara Hofland, successful author and poetess". People: Artists and Painters. Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Gaunt, Michael (2 October 2011). "Summer Outing to Richmond". The Society for Theatre Research. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "No. 19704". The London Gazette. 9 February 1839. p. 214.
- Jackson, Lee. "Districts — Richmond". Victorian London. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Tovey, Duncan Crookes (1911). "Thomson, James (poet, 1700–1748)". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Thomson, James (1700-1748)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- "Yates, Richard (1706?-1796)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- "Bell Ringing at St Mary's". St Mary Magdalene. Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Surrey Richmond, St. Mary Magdalene, Paradise Road [N13875]". National Pipe Organ Register V2.6. British Institute of Organ Studies. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- "Surrey Richmond, St. Mary Magdalene, Paradise Road [N00932]". National Pipe Organ Register V2.6. British Institute of Organ Studies. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- Boyes, Graham (2004). Guide to the Church of St Mary Magdalene Richmond. Richmond Team Ministry.
- Casaubon, Edward [pseudonym of May, Christopher] (1989). "Mid-18th century building works, Richmond Parish Church". Richmond History: Journal of the Richmond Local History Society. 10: 29–41. ISSN 0263-0958.
- Cloake, John (1989). "The Pulpit in Richmond Church". Richmond History: Journal of the Richmond Local History Society. 10: 42, 43. ISSN 0263-0958.