St Mary the Virgin, Lytchett Matravers
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|St Mary the Virgin, Lytchett Matravers|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Previous denomination||Roman Catholic|
|Dedication||St Mary the Virgin|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed|
|Designated||20 November 1959|
|Years built||13th–15th centuries|
|Tenor bell weight||0 long tons 7 cwt (800 lb or 0.4 t)|
There is no known record of the date of the foundation of the church at Lytchett Matravers. The Domesday Book records that by 1086 Sir John Maltravers held the manor of Lytchett Matravers. The John Matravers who was buried in the church was Edward II's gaoler and possibly his murderer.
In the churchyard, just outside the north door, is a yew tree that in the 1980s was dated to be at least 1,700 years old. Its location here next to the church suggests the spot has been a holy place since before the current church was built.
A Sir Walter Maltravers went on a Crusade to the Holy Land and it is possible that he ordered the church to be built beside the manor house in his absence about the year 1200. The west tower, the nave and the chancel were built then, followed by the north aisle in the 14th century. Sir John Maltravers’ heir, his granddaughter Eleanor, carried the manor and title to her husband John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel. Their descendants have been Earls of Arundel since 1415 and later Dukes of Norfolk, but are still Barons Maltravers.
The tower is the oldest part of the building. The arch dates from 1200 but the pinnacles, which are carved within the Maltravers fret, are from about 1500.
The arcade on the north side of the nave was built about 1350, when the north aisle was added. There is also an unusually large hagioscope or squint giving a view from the north aisle to the chancel and altar.
Local tradition has it that the village moved away from the site of the church during the Black Death. The church slowly fell into disuse and was used solely by the Rector for morning prayer and vespers, with regular worship moving to a chapel in the village.
The church has a late-15th-century monumental brass in memory of Thomas Pethyn or Talpathyn, who was rector 1430–70. It is a cadaver monument, showing his corpse in its burial shroud, which is a style unusual for monumental brasses in England. Elsewhere there is an example from the early 16th century, also in memory of a parish priest, in the parish church at Oddington, Oxfordshire.
A great deal of restoration was carried out at the beginning of the 16th century at the behest of Dame Margarita Clements.
In the 17th century the Arundel family, heirs by marriage to the Maltravers estate, funded the restoration of St Mary's and rebuilding of the north aisle. The chapel in the village was closed and parish worship returned to St Mary's.
In the English Civil War, Parliamentarian infantry defaced a tomb in the north aisle, removing and destroying its inscribed plaque. The tomb is believed to be that of a member of the Arundel or Maltravers family.
Pews were added to St Mary's in the 19th century.
In 1891 the barrel organ was replaced by a pipe organ with two manuals and pedals. Over the next century it was rebuilt several times and improved. About this time a vestry extension was built behind the new organ, creating a room accessible from the chancel and hidden from the rest of the church by the organ pipes. This instrument was replaced in 1992 by a Wyvern electronic organ.
The present pulpit was installed in the 1950s.
In the 1960 and 70s an offer to build a secondary church building in the centre of the village during the planning and development of the village hall was declined by the parish leadership of the time.
A new Wyvern electronic organ was installed in 1992 and the vestry area opened up to form an administrative area and vestry. More modern pews were added to the north aisle about this time, originally from Sherborne Abbey. These pews are clearly distinguishable from the Edwardian pews.
In 1962 the footballer Fred Pentland was buried in the churchyard.
By the early 2000s the building had a number of cosmetic problems that needed addressing and some suspected structural problems. In 2011, late-20th-century render on the southern walls was found to have been incorrectly applied and the non-porous wash used was causing problems with the integrity of the nave walls and floor. The joists that support the floor under the chancel step were found to be rotten due to moisture created by the problem with the walls. Emergency repairs were made on the joists and a temporary floor installed to allow use of the building to continue. The pulpit was removed as the floor could no longer support it. In 2012 a group of volunteers redecorated the church in less than two weeks. The non-porous render was removed and an approved lime wash applied to the walls. There was then a wait for the walls to dry completely and the rebuilding of the chancel step to be approved. Other structural and maintenance problems were addressed in the years 2012–13, including re-digging of soak-aways to help the drainage and drying of the church and a significant number of minor and medium-priority issues that were highlighted in the 2010 quinquennial report.
The tower has a ring of six bells. The third bell is medieval, cast by the Salisbury foundry about AD 1400. John Wallis of Salisbury cast the fifth bell in 1616 and John I Tosier, also of Salisbury, cast the tenor bell in 1684. Mears and Stainblank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the treble, second and third bells in 1931. Also in 1931 the other bells were cleaned and refurbished and the ring was rededicated.
Deanery and parish
The parish was in Poole Deanery until the mid-1990s, when it was made part of Milton and Blanford Deanery. On 1 January 2010 the parish reverted to Poole Deanery. In October the parish together with the Lytchett Minster and Upton Team Ministry formed the Benefice of the Lytchetts and Upton. This is largely a resource-sharing benefice. St Mary's retains its own vicar but as part of a wider team of clergy.
Rectors of the Parish 1313–1977
Rectors of St Mary's 1313–1977, as transcribed by local historian Shirley Percivel in 1982:
|1313||Jordon Sarol||Will Mautravers|
|1316||William de Cabrithaley||Thomas de Bocklande|
|1324||James le Brut|
|1326||William de Astyngton|
|1340||Richard de Pourstock|
|1342||John de Stoke|
|1361||Henry Tingwyke||Walter Rickener|
|1362||John de Sonnyings|
|1390||Thomas Claydon||Robert Fynor|
|1470||John Wheler & John Campion|
|1518||John Vesey LLD|
|1583||James Turbervile & William Lyllington|
|1662||Samuel Conant DD|
|1719||William Leigh DD|
|1752||John Trenchard Bromfield LLD|
|1753||John Leach BA|
|1792||George Trenchard LLD|
|1810||Henry Luke Dillon BA|
|1832||Christopher Fleet MA|
|1841||Howell James MA|
|1850||William Mortimer Heath MA|
|1917||James Alexander Renton Swaby|
|1939||Arthur Phillips FRCO|
|1943||George Heaslett BA|
|1950||James Nicholas Mahon MA|
Clergy since 1977
|Year licensed||Name||Title held|
|2010||Parish became part of The Lytchetts & Upton Benefice|
|2010||Ali (Alistair) Mepham||Team Vicar|
- Historic England. "Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin (Grade I) (1171322)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Dorset H–R". The Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "History". Lytchett Matravers. Archived from the original on June 3, 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Baldwin, John (19 July 2006). "Lytchett Matravers S Mary V". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "Milton and Blanford Deanery Plan". Diocese of Salisbury. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2014-03-04.
- Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of The Lytchetts and Upton". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "Rectors of Lytchett Matravers". Dorset Online Parish Clerks. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1972). Dorset. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 263. ISBN 0-14-071044-2.
- RCHME, ed. (1970). "Lytchett Matravers". An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset. 2, South East. London: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. pp. 154–157.
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