Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone
Marylebone Town Hall, Marylebone Road
St Marylebone within the County of London
|• Origin||St Marylebone parish|
|• Succeeded by||City of Westminster|
|Government||St Marylebone Borough Council|
|• HQ||Marylebone Road|
|• Motto||Fiat Secundum Verbum Tuum
(Be it according to Thy Word)
Coat of arms of the borough council
The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965. It was based directly on the previously existing civil parish of St Marylebone, which was incorporated into the Metropolitan Board of Works area in 1855, retaining a parish vestry, and then became part of the County of London in 1889.
It was that part of the current City of Westminster which is north of Oxford Street, and east of Maida Vale and Edgware Road. It included the areas Marylebone, Regent's Park, St John's Wood, and Lisson Grove, along with the western part of the district of Fitzrovia. In 1965 it was abolished and its former area was amalgamated with that of the Metropolitan Borough of Paddington and the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster to form the City of Westminster.
Origins and arms
The name is derived from a chapel, dedicated to St Mary, and founded by Barking Abbey, the holders of the Manor of Tyburn. The chapel was named St Mary-le-Bourne, for the bourne, or River Tyburn. In the borough's coat of arms, the blue and white waves represent this stream; the lily and rose, derived from Barking Abbey, represent the legend that when the Virgin's tomb was opened it was found to contain lilies and roses.
Following a competition in 1911, Sir Edwin Cooper was commissioned to design the town hall. The building, in Marylebone Road was built 1914–20. The building is faced with Portland stone and is an example of Edwardian Graeco-Roman classicism, with a tower in the style of Christopher Wren and fluted columns. Cooper also designed the 1938–39 extension in a simpler style to house the public library. The building is now Westminster Council House.
Population and area
The borough covered an area of 1,473 acres (6.0 km2). The population found in the Census was:
St Marylebone Vestry 1801–1899
Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961
Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of Marylebone was divided into eight wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 or Hamilton Terrace (9), No. 2 or St Johns Wood Terrace (9), No. 3 or New Church Street (15), No. 4 or Dorset Square & Regents Park (15), No. 5 or Bryanstone (18), No. 6 or Portman (18), No. 7 or Portland Place (18) and No. 8 or Cavendish Square (18).
The metropolitan borough was divided into nine wards for elections: Bryanston Square, Cavendish, Church Street, Dorset Square & Regent's Park, Hamilton Terrace, Langham, Park Crescent, Portman and St John's Wood Terrace.
For elections to Parliament, the borough was divided into two constituencies:
In 1918 the borough's representation was reduced to one seat:
- Civic Heraldry: The London County Council accessed 19 Jun 2007
- Geoffrey Briggs, Civic & Corporate Heraldry, London, 1971
- Alan Powers (2004). "Cooper, Sir (Thomas) Edwin (1874–1942)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
- "Conservation Audit – Portman Estate" (PDF). Westminster City Council. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
- Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England – London except the Cities of London and Westminster, Harmondsworth, 1952
- Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone
- St Marylebone MetB: Census Tables accessed 19 June 2007
- The census was suspended for World War II
- The London Gazette Issue: 21802. 20 October 1855. pp. 3869–3871. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1885 Marylebone Map". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Post Office London County Suburbs Directory, 1919. 1919. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Ordnance Survey 'County Series 3rd Edition' Map of London (1912-14) at 1:2500 scale. Accessed at https://www.old-maps.co.uk/
- Robert Donald, ed. (1907). "London: St. Marylebone". Municipal Year Book of the United Kingdom for 1907. London: Edward Lloyd.