St Michael's Church, Cockerham

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St Michael's Church, Cockerham
St Michael's Church, Cockerham, from the northeast
St Michael's Church, Cockerham is located in the City of Lancaster district
St Michael's Church, Cockerham
St Michael's Church, Cockerham
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 53°57′36″N 2°49′14″W / 53.9601°N 2.8206°W / 53.9601; -2.8206
OS grid reference SD 463,519
Location Cockerham, Lancaster, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Michael, Cockerham
History
Dedication Saint Michael
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 2 May 1968
Architect(s) Austin and Paley
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Completed 1911
Specifications
Materials Sandstone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Cockerham
Deanery Lancaster
Archdeaconry Lancaster and Morecambe
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Michael Roberts
Laity
Churchwarden(s) Evelyn Bush
William Hewitt
Parish administrator Bron England

St Michael's Church is located to the southwest of the village of Cockerham, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and Morecambe, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of Christ Church, Glasson, and St Luke, Winmarleigh.[1] The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The oldest surviving part of the original church building is the tower, which dates from the 16th century.[2] The body of the church had been rebuilt in 1814, and this was replaced again in 1910–11 by the Lancaster architects Austin and Paley.[3] This replacement cost £5,000 (equivalent to £460,000 in 2015).[4][5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The body of the church is constructed in sandstone rubble, the tower in ashlar, and the roof is slated. The plan consists of a five-bay nave with a clerestory and a two-bay chancel under a continuous roof, north and south aisles, a south transept with a vestry, and a west tower. The tower is in three stages with diagonal buttresses and a battlemented parapet. On the south side is a stair turret. In the tower is a west doorway with a round arch, a three-light west window, and three-light bell openings. The windows in the sides of the aisles and clerestory corresponding to the nave have two lights, and those corresponding to the chancel have three lights. The east window has four lights containing Perpendicular tracery and ogee quatrefoils.[2]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church, the arcades between the nave and the aisles are carried on octagonal piers with no capitals. In the chancel is a piscina and a double sedilia.[2] The stained glass in the east window was made by Morris & Co. and depicts the Four Evangelists; the figures of Saint Matthew and Saint John are based on cartoons by Ford Madox Brown, that of Saint Mark by Edward Burne-Jones, and that of Saint Luke by William Morris.[3] The two-manual pipe organ was made in about 1830, possibly by Renn and Boston.[6]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is the 18th-century base of a sundial, which is listed at Grade II.[7] The churchyard also contains the war graves of a British and a Canadian soldier of World War I.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Michael, Cockerham, Church of England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  2. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Church of St Michael, Cockerham (1317937)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  3. ^ a b Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 248, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  4. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  5. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 247–248, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  6. ^ Lancashire, Cockerham, St. Michael (N01712), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 8 April 2012 
  7. ^ Historic England, "Sundial base south of Church of St. Michael (1071791)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 April 2015 
  8. ^ COCKERHAM (ST. MICHAEL) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 13 February 2013