St Michael's Church, Chester

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St Michael's Church, Chester
St Michael's, Chester-2.jpg
St Michael's Church, Chester, from the southwest
St Michael's Church, Chester is located in Cheshire
St Michael's Church, Chester
St Michael's Church, Chester
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°11′19″N 2°53′27″W / 53.1887°N 2.8907°W / 53.1887; -2.8907
OS grid reference SJ 406,661
Location Corner of Bridge Street and Pepper Street, Chester
Country England
Denomination Anglican
History
Dedication Saint Michael
Architecture
Status Redundant
Functional status Heritage centre
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 28 July 1955
Architect(s) James Harrison
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Closed 1972
Specifications
Spire height 70 feet (21 m)
Materials Yellow sandstone,
Grey slate roof

St Michael's Church is a redundant church standing on the corner of Bridge Street and Pepper Street in the city of Chester, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. The former church is now used as a heritage centre.[1]

History[edit]

A church on the site was burnt down in the great fire of Chester in 1188. It is not known when a stone church was first built but the chancel was built in 1496.[2] The churchwardens' accounts show that the church was almost completely rebuilt in 1582. During the Siege of Chester in the 1640s the church was used as a prison.[3] In 1678 the chancel was widened and in 1710 a steeple 70 feet (21 m) high was built.[2] Much of the church was rebuilt by James Harrison in 1849–50. It was declared redundant in 1972.[4] It was acquired by Chester City Council and in 1975 opened as Britain's first heritage centre. Its parish registers from 1560 have survived.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Roof structure

The church is built in yellow sandstone with a grey slate roof.[1] Its plan consists of a west tower, a nave with a north aisle, and a chancel.[2] The tower is in three stages. The south end of Bridge Street Row passes through the open first stage of the tower, with stone steps up to the row to the north and down to the pavement to the south. The second stage has two-light windows with a clock face on the west side and a blank clock-face panel to the south. The third stage has bell openings, above which is a string course with gargoyles. On the top is a crenellated parapet with eight crocketed pinnacles and a wind vane. The south wall is also crenellated. On the chancel gable is a finial cross. Internally the 15th century north arcade with octagonal piers, and the chancel roof of 1496 have been retained.[1] In the church is a monument to Roger Comberbach, who died in 1771, by Benjamin Bromfield. The stained glass in the window at the east end of the north aisle is by Clayton and Bell.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historic England, "Heritage Centre, Chester (1376107)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 July 2012 
  2. ^ a b c Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 117–120 
  3. ^ a b "A Brief History of St Michael's Church", Chester History and Heritage, Cheshire West and Chester, archived from the original on 16 July 2011, retrieved 15 July 2012 
  4. ^ Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 32, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  5. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 242–243, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 

External links[edit]

Media related to St Michael's Church, Chester at Wikimedia Commons