St Neot, Cornwall

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Not to be confused with St Neots.
For other uses, see St Neot (disambiguation).
St Neot
Cornish: Loveni
St Neot is located in Cornwall
St Neot
St Neot
 St Neot shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SX185678
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LISKEARD
Postcode district PL14
Dialling code 01579
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°28′55″N 4°33′32″W / 50.482°N 4.559°W / 50.482; -4.559

St Neot (/ˈsɪnt ˈnʊt/ sint-NEE-uut) (Cornish: Loveni)[1] is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The parish population at the 2011 census was 1,000.[2] It is between the towns of Bodmin and Liskeard.

The parish is named after the Saxon monk, Saint Neot (who also gives his name to St Neots in Cambridgeshire, whence his alleged bones were taken in the early Middle Ages), and means[3] "pleasant (or beautiful) pasture (or habitation)" in Hebrew. On the northern side the parish includes part of Bodmin Moor and hamlets in the parish include Draynes, Ley and Pantersbridge.

History[edit]

The manor of St Neot was recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) when it was held by Odo from Robert, Count of Mortain; it had been held by Godric the priest before 1066. The Count had taken this land away from the clergy of St Neot. There was one hide of land which never paid tax and land for 5 ploughs. There were 1 plough, 3 serfs, 3 villeins, 6 smallholders, 2 cattle, 2 pigs and 30 sheep. The value of the manor was 5 shillings though it had formerly been worth £1 sterling. The priests of St Neot had only one acre of their former land. There were 4 smallholders, 1 ox, 10 goats and 20 sheep.[4]

During the English Civil War St Neot was staunchly Royalist. To commemorate this, each year on Oak Apple Day (29 May), an oak branch is mounted on the top of the church tower to symbolise the historical allegiance.[5]

John Anstis, born and buried at St Neot, was an English officer of arms and antiquarian who rose to the highest heraldic office in England and became Garter King of Arms in 1718. Henry Dangar (1796–1861) was a native of St Neot who became a surveyor and explorer of Australia.

Parish Church of St Neot[edit]

Church of St Neot, famous for its late medieval stained glass

The original dedication may have been to 'St Anietus', with whom the Saxon Neot has been confused. In the 11th century a small monastery existed here; the early medieval church building (of which the tower remains) must have been smaller than the one in existence today. Rebuilding in granite was undertaken in the 15th century and the fine stained glass windows are from about 1500.[6] The stained glass is partly original and partly from a restoration done by John Hedgeland, c. 1830.[7] There are 16 windows of 15th or 16th century workmanship unless indicated: 1: the Creation window; 2: the Noah window; 3: the Borlase window; 4: the Martyn window; 5: the Motton window; 6: the Callawy window; 7: the Tubbe and Callawy window; 8: an armorial window (Hedgeland); 9: the St George window (15th century); 10: the St Neot window (12 episodes from the legend); 11: the Young Women's window (four saints with the 20 donors below); 12: the Wives' window (Christ and three saints with the 20 donors below); 13: the Harris window; 14: the Redemption window (Hedgeland); 15: the Acts window (Hedgeland); 16: the chancel window depicts the Last Supper (Hedgeland; copied from the earliest representation in the British Museum).[8]

Nearby is the holy well of St Neot. Legend tells that the well contained 3 fish, and an angel told St Neot that as long as he ate no more than one fish a day, their number would never decrease. At a time St Neot fell ill, and his servant went and cooked 2 of the fish; upon finding this, St Neot prayed for forgiveness and ordered that the fish be returned to the well. As they entered the water, both were miraculously returned to life.[5]

Other notable buildings[edit]

Two 15th-century bridges are at Pantersbridge and Treverbyn (crossing the Warleggan and Fowey rivers). Lewarne is a neo-Tudor country house built for the Grylls family in 1869. Treverbyn Vean is a Victorian mansion designed for Colonel Charles Sommers Cocks by two of the greatest Victorian architects, George Gilbert Scott and William Burges. A. G. Langdon (1896) records six stone crosses in the parish, of which three are at the vicarage.

Transport and Village Award[edit]

No railway was ever built to the village, despite pressure from local people and mine owners in the 1860s and 1870s. Instead, Doublebois railway station was opened on 1 June 1860 about two miles south of St Neot on the Cornwall Railway main line.

In 2004 and 2006, the village of St Neot won the National Calor Village of the Year award. St Neot also won the Calor Gas Village of the Decade award, which celebrated 10 years of the competition

The nearby Carnglaze Caverns, a former slate quarry, forms an unusual music venue.

Twinning[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011 census". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  3. ^ [BibleHub.com's translation http://biblehub.com/strongs/hebrew/4999.htm] (see "transliteration" of "naah" to "neot"). [Grafted In Fellowship's translation http://www.graftedinfellowship.org/uploads/5/7/3/3/5733440/biblical_hebrew.pdf]. See also [affirming biblehub's above translation: a search of the Hebrew Bible by mechon-mamre.org, by inputting "נְאוֹת," shows it refers to a pleasant or productive "pasture" or sometimes a "habitation" (but often either word could make sense) http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt0.htm] and 'beautiful' instead of 'pleasant' both in [1] & the Grafted In Fellowship link, above.
  4. ^ Thorn, C. et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entries 4,28; 5,14,2
  5. ^ a b Thompson, E. V. (1984). 100 Years on Bodmin Moor. St Teath: Bossiney Books. ISBN 0-906456-90-8. 
  6. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books
  8. ^ Guide to South Cornwall. London, Ward, Lock, [c. 1955]; pp. 155-56

External links[edit]