St Nicholas Church, Chiswick
|St Nicholas Church, Chiswick|
St Nicholas Church, Chiswick
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Parish||St Nicholas with St Mary Magdalene, Chiswick|
|Designated||11 July 1951|
St Nicholas Church, Chiswick is a Grade II* listed Anglican church in Church Street, Chiswick, London, near the River Thames. The oldest part of Chiswick developed as a village around the church from c. 1181. The tower was built at some time between 1416 and 1435.
The current church dates from 1882–84, when most of the building except the tower was demolished and rebuilt at the expense of the brewer Henry Smith of the nearby Fuller, Smith and Turner brewery. Several monuments survive, mainly in the tower.
Ornamenta inventa apud Chesewith die Sanctorum Johannis et Pauli Anno Domini Mo. CCo. Lo. secundo.
(Ornaments found at Chiswick on the day of Saints John and Paul, [26 June] 1252 A.D.)
This first inventory lists "a good and sufficient missal sent there from the treasury of St Paul's"; two graduals; a badly bound tropary; an old lectionary; an anthem book; a psalter but not the expected manual. Valuables included a small silver chalice; a red velvet chasuble; two vestments; three corporals; five altar cloths; an arras cloth; an old chrismatory; two brass and two tin candlesticks; and a font without a lock. The chancel roof needed repairing, and the church was at the time not dedicated. Visitations were repeated in 1297 and 1458.
The current church dates from 1882–84, when it was rebuilt to a design by the architect John Loughborough Pearson, except for the west tower which was built for William Bordall (vicar 1416–1435). Because of the small distance between the tower and the road at Church Street, Pearson made the nave short but wide, so it is nearly square in plan. The Duke of Devonshire gave £1,000 for the rebuilding, but most of the cost was paid for by Henry Smith of the nearby Lamb Brewery company, Fuller, Smith & Turner. The church is built of courses of squared Kentish ragstone masonry in the Perpendicular style. It has a stone coping with a copper roof.
Inside the church
- Ralph Wenwood, d. 1799, wall tablet in swag surround
- Charlotte Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, d. 1773, wall tablet and urn. She was the second wife of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset
- Sir Thomas Chaloner, d. 1615, and his two wives, d. 1603 and 1615, heraldic achievement over baldachino, stone curtains held open by figures on sides; kneeling figures of Sir Thomas and his wife
- Mary Litcott, d. 1599, brass
- Thomas Bentley, d. 1780, representation of sarcophagus by Thomas Scheemakers; Bentley was Josiah Wedgwood's business partner
- Richard Taylor, d. 1698, urn on tassellated swag surround held by cherubs
- Richard Tayler, d. 1716, Corinthian aedicule, heraldic cartouche, statues of Father Time and Angel of Death
- Charles Holland the actor, d. 1769, bust on obelisk, epitaph by Daniel Garrick
- James Howard, d. 1669, flaming urn on Ionic aedicule, inscription panel
- Thomas Plucknett, d. 1721, broken pediment and Ionic aedicule
- John Taylor, d. 1729, open pediment, heraldic achievement in tympanum over Ionic aedicule
- Thomas Tomkins, d. 1816, tablet with medallion portrait
- Charles Barnevett, d. 1695, pedimented wall tablet
- John Beckwith, d. 1815, rectangular fluted tablet
In the churchyard and burial ground
- Ugo Foscolo, d. 1812, Italian writer, poet and patriot. In 1871, his remains were taken to Italy, but inscriptions were added to the monument in Chiswick by the Italian government, as part of its campaign of glorification of the new Italian republic.
- William Hogarth, d. 1764, and relatives; epitaph poem by David Garrick
- Charles Holland, actor; epitaph by David Garrick
- Henry Joy, d. 1893, trumpeter in the Charge of the Light Brigade
- Philip James de Loutherbourg, d. 1812, landscape painter; mausoleum was designed by Sir John Soane.
- James Abbott McNeill Whistler, d. 1903, artist; a classical tomb in bronze (by the wall)
- Richard Wright, bricklayer to Lord Burlington, owner of Chiswick House
- St Michael and All Angels, Bedford Park, where Henry Smith was also involved
- Historic England. "Church Of St Nicholas And Attached Walls (1189405)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- Clegg, 1995, p. 17.
- Clegg, 1995. pp. 103–104
- Phillimore 1897. p. 98.
- Phillimore 1897. pp. 98–114.
- Phillimore 1897. pp. 2–16
- "Thomas Scheemakers". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2014.
- "Access to Archives: London Metropolitan Archives: Taylor Family". The National Archives. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "The Churchyard". St Nicholas Church Chiswick. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Riall, Lucy (2007). Garibaldi : invention of a hero. Yale University Press. p. 4.
- Clegg, 1995. p. 38.
- Clegg, Gillian (1995). Chiswick Past. Historical Publications. ISBN 0-94866-733-8.
- Phillimore, W.P.W.; Whitear, W.H., eds. (1897). Historical Collections Relating to Chiswick. 36 Essex Street, Strand, London: Phillimore & Co.