St Nicolas' Church, Rønne

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St Nicolas Church, Rønne

St Nicolas' Church (Danish: Sankt Nicolai kirke) with its distinctive tower is the parish church of Rønne on the island of Bornholm in the Diocese of Copenhagen. Enlarged and fully refurbished in 1918, it stands near the harbour on the site of an earlier church or chapel from the 13th century.[1]

History[edit]

Today's church is built on the site of a much smaller building from c. 1275 known as Knuds kirke (Canute's Church). Some of its foundations can still be seen on the northeast corner of the church. Around 1350, as Rønne gained importance, the church was extended towards the west almost doubling in length. A tower on the west end was added in 1550 but was rebuilt in 1699. Galleries were added to accommodate the growing congregation. In 1797, the north transept was added. From 1915 to 1918, major extensions were made, as far as possible without altering the style. The building was widened and a southern transept was completed.[1] Further restoration work was carried out in 1982–83 when the floor of local Paradisbakke granite was laid throughout the church.[2][3]

Artefacts[edit]

Much of the church's inventory has been retained over the centuries. The smallest of the three bells dates from 1300 and was cast in Germany. The Mariaklokke (Mary's Bell) with a Hail Mary inscription was probably cast in Greifswald in 1434. The largest bell, originally from around 1500, was recast in 1903. Carved in Gotland limestone, the decorated hemispherical font dates from the 14th century. The large chandelier was made in Lübeck in 1620.[1]

The wooden altar carved by Christian Kofoed dates from 1918. It depicts the Agnus dei with the flag of victory. Kofoed also designed the pulpit and the pews. The painting above the altar depicting Jesus calming the storm is the work of Sven Havsteen Mikkelsen (1912–1999).

Some of the church's earlier artefacts can be seen in Bornholm Museum.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Otto Norn, C. G. Schultz, Erik Skov, "Ruts Kirke: Bornholms Nørre Herred", Danmarks Kirker, Bornholm, Nationalmuseet, Gad, 1954, pp. 32–70. (in Danish)
  2. ^ Hanne Juncker, "Rønne kirke". (in Danish) Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Archive for category Church of St Nicolas", Bornholms Museum. Retrieved 7 July 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°05′56″N 14°41′52″E / 55.09889°N 14.69778°E / 55.09889; 14.69778