St Pancras West (UK Parliament constituency)

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St Pancras West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by St Pancras South West
Created from Marylebone

St. Pancras West was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election and abolished for the 1918 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

St Pancras West in London 1885-1918

Politics and history of the constituency[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Harry Levy-Lawson Liberal
1892 Harry Robert Graham Conservative
1906 Sir William Collins Liberal
1910 Felix Cassel Conservative
1916 Richard Barnett Unionist
1918 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: St Pancras West [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson 2,954 54.3 n/a
Conservative Walter Haweis James 2,485 45.7 n/a
Majority 469 8.6 n/a
Turnout 76.6 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: St Pancras West [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson 2,567 50.6 -3.7
Conservative Harry Robert Graham 2,503 49.4 +3.7
Majority 64 1.2
Turnout 71.4 -5.2
Liberal hold Swing -3.7

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: St Pancras West [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Robert Graham 2,984 50.4
Liberal Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson 2,942 49.6
Majority 42 0.8
Turnout 76.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1895: St Pancras West [7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Robert Graham 3,104 57.7 +7.3
Liberal William Job Collins 2,273 42.3 -7.3
Majority 831 15.4 +14.6
Turnout 74.6 -1.8
Conservative hold Swing +7.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: St Pancras West [10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Robert Graham 3,220 67.5
Liberal Godfrey Rathbone Benson 1,553 32.5
Majority 1,667 35.0
Turnout 64.2
Conservative hold Swing
Collins
General Election 1906: St Pancras West [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir William Job Collins 3,230 55.9 +23.4
Conservative Harry Robert Graham 2,545 44.1 -23.4
Majority 685 11.8 46.8
Turnout 79.3 +15.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +23.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: St Pancras West [15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir William Job Collins 3,553 50.1
Conservative Robert Edmund Dickinson 3,543 49.9
Majority 10 0.2
Turnout 82.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: St Pancras West [18][19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Felix Maximilian Schoenbrunn Cassel 3,385 50.1 +0.2
Liberal Sir William Job Collins 3,376 49.9 -0.2
Majority 9 0.2 0.4
Turnout 6,761 78.7 -3.9
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

On 16 October 1916, a by-election was held, after the resignation of Felix Cassel to become Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.[21] Due to the War-time electoral pact the Conservative candidate Richard Whieldon Barnett was unopposed and elected.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  6. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  11. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  14. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  17. ^ Page 44, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, edited by F.W.S. Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  19. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  20. ^ Page 44, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, edited by F.W.S. Craig
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29828. p. 11156. 17 November 1916.
  22. ^ Page 44, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, edited by F.W.S. Craig