St Patrick's Seminary
|St Patrick's Seminary|
St Patrick's Seminary, circa 1900.
|Location||Manly, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Founders||Archbishops of Sydney Roger Vaughan and Patrick Cardinal Moran|
|Established||23 January 1889|
|Architect||Joseph Sheerin and John Hennessy|
|Architectural style||Perpendicular Gothic|
|Status||Closed (November 1995)|
St Patrick's Seminary, Manly, a former seminary of the Australian Roman Catholic Church, was the principal training facility for priests in Australia from its foundation in 1889 until its relocation in 1995 to Strathfield where the teaching institute has become distinct from the seminary. The Catholic Institute of Sydney is now the ecclesiastical theology faculty. The Seminary of the Good Shepherd is the house of formation.
Conceived by Archbishops of Sydney Roger Vaughan and Patrick Cardinal Moran, the seminary was built from 1885 in Perpendicular Gothic style by Joseph Sheerin and John Hennessy on a spectacular site overlooking the Tasman Sea on a hill above Manly on Sydney's northern beaches, located towards North Head. The seminary opened on 23 January 1889. Though intended as a national seminary, it never entirely achieved that ambition.
An early student was Patrick Joseph Hartigan, author of the "John O'Brien" poems on Australian Catholic rural life. Two of the first novels of former student Thomas Keneally, The Place at Whitton (1964) and Three Cheers for the Paraclete (1968) are set in a fictionalized version of the seminary. Tony Abbott is a former seminarian.
The seminary closed in November 1995, and the seminary was renamed, when numbers of seminarians no longer justified the large building and shifts in ecclesiological thinking mandated a move to the geographical centre of the Greater Sydney Area.
The building is now occupied by the International College of Management, Sydney and Aspire Institute, however the Cardinal Cerretti Chapel is still regularly used for weddings, including that of Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban in 2006. The building appears as the exterior of Gatsby's mansion in the 2013 movie, The Great Gatsby.
- Whitmore, Karla (2011). "Stained glass by the sea: St Patrick's estate, Manly" (PDF). Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society. Australian Catholic Historical Society. 31/32: 2–4. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- "St. Patrick's Seminary (now a business/hospitality school)". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- W.J. Wright, The development of a national priesthood in Australia: the first Manly generation, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society, 8 (2), (1987), 35-39.
- Abbott, Tony (February 1996). "St Patrick's College, Manly, seminary becomes a hotel school!". The Sydney Morning Herald. AD2000. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- Casey, Marcus; Van Den Broeke, Leigh. "Manly man Leonardo DiCaprio unmoved by decadence". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Walsh, K. J., Yesterday's Seminary: A history of St Patrick's Manly, St Leonards, 1998, ISBN 1-86448-987-1
- Livingstone, K., The emergence of an Australian Catholic priesthood, 1835-1915, Sydney, 1977, ISBN 0-909246-36-X
- Geraghty, C., The Priest Factory: A Manly vision of triumph 1958-1962 and Beyond, 2003.