St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth

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St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth
StPetersChurchMonkwearmouth.jpg
St Peter's church seen from west-southwest
St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth is located in Tyne and Wear
St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth
St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth
Coordinates: 54°54′47″N 1°22′31″W / 54.913030°N 1.375245°W / 54.913030; -1.375245
Location Monkwearmouth,
Tyne and Wear
Country England, UK
Denomination Church of England
Previous denomination Roman Catholic
Website Parish of Monkwearmouth
History
Status parish church
Dedication Saint Peter
Architecture
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I listed
Designated 8 May 1950
Style Anglo-Saxon, Decorated Gothic, Gothic Revival
Years built 7th, 10th, 14th & 19th centuries
Specifications
Materials rubble masonry
Administration
Archdeaconry Sunderland
Diocese Diocese of Durham
Province York

St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth is the parish church of Monkwearmouth in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. It is one of three churches in the Parish of Monkwearmouth. The others are All Saints' Church, Monkwearmouth and St Andrew's Church, Roker.

St Peter's was founded in AD 674–5 as one of the two churches of the Benedictine double monastery of Monkwearmouth–Jarrow Abbey. The other church is St Paul's, Jarrow. The church is a Grade I listed building[1] and part of a scheduled monument.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Anglo-Saxon[edit]

The original church on the site was built at the behest of Benedict Biscop in AD 674–75, when the area was part of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria. Bede (circa 673–735) wrote that Benedict brought stonemasons and glassworkers from Gaul to build the church, as these crafts were not yet established in Anglo-Saxon England.[3]

Of Benedict's building only the west wall and porch survive.[4] The ground floor of the porch is barrel vaulted. Its outer arch, at the west end of the porch, is of elaborate design and decorated with stone reliefs.[3]

By about AD 700 the porch had been enlarged by the addition of a second storey and north and south porticus, forming a westwork. By the end of the 10th century further storeys had been added to the porch, raising its height to form the present west tower.[5]

Gothic and Gothic Revival[edit]

The rest of the church is much later. The north aisle was first built in the 13th century. A five-light east window was inserted in the chancel in the 14th century.[1][5]

Inside the nave, looking east to the chancel

Early in the 19th century the arcade of the north aisle and most of the chancel arch were removed, and galleries were inserted.[1][5]

In 1875–76 St Peter's was restored under the direction of the architects Hubert Austin and RJ Johnson, who had the north aisle rebuilt and the east window of the chancel replaced. There is also an organ loft built onto the north side of the chancel.[1][5]

The present stained glass in the windows was made in 1969 by LC Evetts. In 1973 an octagonal extension was added east of the organ loft as an interpretation centre. In 1984 the church was damaged by fire,[5] and about 1985 the interior and roof were rebuilt.[1]

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