St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth
|St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth|
St Peter's church seen from west-southwest
Tyne and Wear
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Previous denomination||Roman Catholic|
|Website||Parish of Monkwearmouth|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed|
|Designated||8 May 1950|
|Style||Anglo-Saxon, Decorated Gothic, Gothic Revival|
|Years built||7th, 10th, 14th & 19th centuries|
|Diocese||Diocese of Durham|
St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth is the parish church of Monkwearmouth in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. It is one of three churches in the Parish of Monkwearmouth. The others are All Saints' Church, Monkwearmouth and St Andrew's Church, Roker.
St Peter's was founded in AD 674–5 as one of the two churches of the Benedictine double monastery of Monkwearmouth–Jarrow Abbey. The other church is St Paul's, Jarrow. The church is a Grade I listed building and part of a scheduled monument.
The original church on the site was built at the behest of Benedict Biscop in AD 674–75, when the area was part of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria. Bede (circa 673–735) wrote that Benedict brought stonemasons and glassworkers from Gaul to build the church, as these crafts were not yet established in Anglo-Saxon England.
Of Benedict's building only the west wall and porch survive. The ground floor of the porch is barrel vaulted. Its outer arch, at the west end of the porch, is of elaborate design and decorated with stone reliefs.
By about AD 700 the porch had been enlarged by the addition of a second storey and north and south porticus, forming a westwork. By the end of the 10th century further storeys had been added to the porch, raising its height to form the present west tower.
Gothic and Gothic Revival
In 1875–76 St Peter's was restored under the direction of the architects Hubert Austin and RJ Johnson, who had the north aisle rebuilt and the east window of the chancel replaced. There is also an organ loft built onto the north side of the chancel.
The present stained glass in the windows was made in 1969 by LC Evetts. In 1973 an octagonal extension was added east of the organ loft as an interpretation centre. In 1984 the church was damaged by fire, and about 1985 the interior and roof were rebuilt.
- Historic England. "Church of St Peter (Grade I) (1217958)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Historic England. "Monkwearmouth Anglo-Saxon monastery and medieval priory (1017222)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Blair 1977, p. 154.
- Pevsner & Williamson 1983, p. 465.
- Pevsner & Williamson 1983, p. 466.
- Blair, Peter Hunter (1977) . An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England (2nd ed.). Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press. p. 154. ISBN 0-521-29219-0.
- Johnson, Margot (1992). "Monkwearmouth (St. Peter)". Durham: Historic and University City and surrounding area (6th ed.). Durham: Turnstone Ventures. p. 39. ISBN 978-0946105090.
- Page, William, ed. (1907). "Saxon Houses: including Wearmouth and Jarrow". A History of the County of Durham. Victoria County History. II. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 79–85.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (revision) (1983) . County Durham. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 465–467. ISBN 0-14-071009-4.
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