St Peter's College, Oxford
|St Peter's College|
Blazon: Per pale vert and argent, to the dexter two keys in saltire or surmounted by a triple towered castle argent masoned sable and on the sinister a cross gules surmounted by a mitre or between four martlets sable, the whole within a bordure or.
|Location||New Inn Hall Street|
|Latin name||Collegium Sancti Petri-le-Bailey|
|Established||1929 (attained full college status in 1961)|
|Named for||Saint Peter|
|Previous names||St Peter's Hall (1929-1961)|
St Peter's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford and is located in New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, United Kingdom. It occupies the site of two of the university's oldest inns, both of which were founded in the 13th century. The modern college was founded as St Peter's Hall in 1929 by Francis James Chavasse, Bishop of Liverpool, and achieved full collegiate status in 1961, becoming St Peter's College. In 1979, it began to admit women.
St Peter's occupies the site of two of the university's oldest inns, or medieval hostels: Bishop Trilleck's, later New Inn Hall, and Rose Hall. They were both founded in the 13th century and were part of the university. During the First English Civil War, the university's college plate was requisitioned by the King's Oxford Parliament and taken to New Inn Hall to be melted down into "Oxford Crowns". In the 18th century, William Blackstone became the Principal of New Inn Hall after being appointed the Vinerian Professor of English Law at Oxford. New Inn Hall and Rose Hall later became part of Balliol College.
The history of the college in its present form began in 1928 when St Peter's Hall opened as a hostel with 13 residents. In 1929 it received a licence as a hall with 40 members. The founder of the institution was Francis James Chavasse, Bishop of Liverpool, who was concerned at the rising cost of education in the older universities in Britain, and projected St Peter's as a college where promising students, who might otherwise be deterred by the costs of college life elsewhere, could obtain an Oxford education.
In 1961, the university approved a statute giving St Peter's Hall full collegiate status. With the granting of its royal charter in the same year, it took the name St Peter's College.
The colours of the college are green and gold.
St Peter's has a varied set of buildings, many of them much older than the college itself. The college has, in effect, adapted existing buildings to provide the collective facilities needed for college life, and built new ones to provide student accommodation. Linton House, a Georgian rectory dating from 1797, is the entrance to the college and houses the porters' lodge and college library. Canal House, the master's lodge, dates from the early 19th century.
The college dining hall, known as Hannington Hall after the Victorian missionary Bishop James Hannington, dates from 1832 and is the only surviving part of New Inn Hall. The buildings of the former Oxford Girls' School, which adjoin the original site of the college, have been acquired more recently and provide living accommodation for students, seminar rooms, a Middle Common Room (MCR) for postgraduates, and a music room.
The college chapel was originally the Church of St Peter-le-Bailey, built in 1874, and the third church of that name on this site. The chapel is filled with memorials to members of the Chavasse family, including Captain Noel Chavasse's original grave cross, the Chavasse memorial window and a large bas-relief of Bishop Francis Chavasse at prayer.
The college has four quads: Linton Quad (the main quad), Mulberry Quad, Hannington Quad and Chavasse Quad. On site, students are housed in the modern New Block, in the spacious Chavasse building, in Staircase IV and in the Matthews block (this latter building also housing a spacious JCR and student-run bar). The senior executive[clarification needed] of the MCR are generally allocated housing in the Morris Building. Fellows and college staff occupy rooms mostly in Staircases I-III, the Latner building and Staircase IV.
St Peter's also has a few off-site accommodation blocks for students, a few minutes away from the main college site. St Thomas' Street and St George's Gate house undergraduates, while Paradise Street (which was officially opened in June 2008) houses postgraduates and fourth-year undergraduates.
The student-run Junior Common Room organises a wide variety of social events throughout the academic year, ranging from formal events to celebrate such things as Burns Night (complete with haggis and poetry) to creatively themed parties that run into the early hours of the morning. The college is one of the few to feature its own student-edited arts magazine, Misc, which is published termly.
The college has sports teams competing in rowing, cricket, football, table football and rugby. It shares with Exeter and Hertford Colleges a sports field which has two cricket pitches and pavilions, two rugby and football pitches, a hockey pitch, tennis courts and a squash court.
Rowing is a popular sport: the college boat club, St Peter's College Boat Club, competes regularly. The club shares a boathouse with University College Boat Club. The club has had a number of successes in recent years.
Taking the original name of the college, GWR 6959 Class steam locomotive no. 7900 was built in 1949 for British Railways and named "Saint Peter's Hall" (no abbreviation). One of the brass nameplates from the now-scrapped locomotive survives in the college.
People associated with the college
- Christopher Maude Chavasse (1929)
- Julian Thornton-Duesbery
- Robert Wilmot Howard
- Julian Thornton-Duesbery
- Alec Cairncross
- Gerald Aylmer
- John Barron (1991–2003)
- Bernard Silverman (2003–2009)
- Mark Damazer (2010–present)
Ken Loach, English film and television director
David Davies, former Executive Director of The Football Association
Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, celebrity chef and television personality
Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England
Lord Condon, former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police
Hugh Dancy, actor and model
Edward Akufo-Addo, former President of the Republic of Ghana
- Wilbert Vere Awdry, creator of Thomas the Tank Engine
- Simon Beaufoy, writer of the screenplay for the films The Full Monty and Slumdog Millionaire
- Graham Bell, Canadian academic, writer and evolutionary biologist
- Michael Blomquist, American rower and former world champion
- Mike Carey, author
- Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England
- Paul Condon, Baron Condon, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police from 1993 to 2000
- Gordon Corera, BBC security correspondent
- Kenneth Chan Ka-lok, member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council
- Noel Chavasse, Twice awarded the Victoria Cross
- Peter Dale, poet
- Jamie Dalrymple, Middlesex, Glamorgan and England cricketer
- Hugh Dancy, actor
- David Davies, football administrator
- Jack Dormand, later Baron Dormand of Easington, Labour MP for Easington, 1970–87
- David Eastwood, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Birmingham
- Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, chef and TV presenter
- Paul S. Fiddes, former principal of Regent's Park College, Oxford
- Matt Frei, BBC Washington correspondent
- Geordie Greig, editor of Evening Standard
- Andy Hornby, chief executive of Coral, former chief executive of HBOS
- Rex Masterman Hunt, Governor of the Falkland Islands
- Martin Ivens, acting editor-in-chief of The Sunday Times
- Kurt Jackson, painter
- Libby Lane, Bishop of Stockport, first woman ordained a bishop in the Church of England
- Ken Loach, film and television director
- Richard Lloyd Parry, Asia Editor, The Times of London
- François Perrodo, President of the energy business Perenco
- John Pritchard, Bishop of Oxford (2007–2014)
- Paul Reeves, former Archbishop of New Zealand and Governor-General of New Zealand
- Gareth Russell, author
- Dominic Shellard, Vice-Chancellor of De Montfort University
- Mark Stanhope, First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
- Christopher Tambling - (1964-2015) Composer, Organist and Choirmaster
- Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck, current heir to the throne of Bhutan
- William Wickham (1831–1897), MP for Petersfield
- Daniel Woolf, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Queen's University, Canada
- Ben Wright, BBC political correspondent
- "Undergraduate numbers by college 2011-12". University of Oxford.
- "College finances 2014" (PDF).
- Clyde L. Grose. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Dec., 1932), pp. 624-625. Review of Frederick John Varley. The Siege of Oxford: An Account of Oxford during the Civil War, 1642-1646.
- Chavasse, Christopher (November 8, 1930). "St Peter's Hall, Oxford". The Times: 8. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Sports - St Peter's College, University of Oxford
- "Obituary". The Times. 29 August 2008. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
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