St Piran's Day

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Saint Piran's Day
Stpiraninpenwith.JPG
St Piran's day parade at Penzance in 2006
Observed by Cornish people
Type National day
Celebrations Parades and social events,
Religious observations.
Date 5 March
Next time 5 March 2018 (2018-03-05)
Frequency annual

St Piran's Day (Cornish: Gool Peran) is the national day of Cornwall,[1] held on 5 March every year. The day is named after one of the patron saints of Cornwall, Saint Piran, who is also the patron saint of tin miners.

Origins[edit]

Main article: Saint Piran

St Piran's Day started as one of the many tinners' holidays observed by the tin miners of Cornwall.[2] Other miners' holidays of a similar nature include Picrous Day and Chewidden Thursday. The miners of Breage and Germoe observed St Piran's feast day as that of their patron saint until at least 1764.[3]

"St. Piran's Day was said to be a favourite with the tinners who having a tradition that some secrets regarding the manufacture of tin were communicated to their ancestors by that saint, they leave the manufacture to shift for itself for that day, and keep it as a holiday."[4] There is little description of specific traditions associated with this day apart from the consumption of large amounts of alcohol and food during 'Perrantide', the week leading up to 5 March.[2] The day following the St Piran's Day was known by many as 'Mazey Day', a term which has now been adopted by the revived Golowan festival in Penzance. The phrase 'drunk as a perraner' was used in 19th century Cornwall to describe people who had consumed large quantities of alcohol.[5]

Revival[edit]

A re-enactment of Piran crossing the Irish Sea, Helston, 2009

The modern observance of St Piran's day as a national symbol of the people of Cornwall started in the late 19th and early 20th century when Celtic Revivalists sought to provide the people of Cornwall with a national day similar to those observed in other nations. Since the 1950s, the celebration has become increasingly observed and since the start of the 21st century almost every Cornish community holds some sort of celebration to mark the event. Saint Piran's Flag is also seen flying throughout Cornwall on this day.[5]

Parades and celebrations take place in a number of towns and cities including:[6]

  • Bodmin – A parade through the streets with Cornish pipers and a children's dance. Speeches by various notables, including the town mayor, Lord Lieutenant, and Grand Bard of Cornwall, followed by children's performances of Cornish plays and songs. 400 people attended the parade in 2009.[7] The parade was started in 1999.[8]
  • Bude – a St Piran's day walk led by a piper and attended by hundreds of people annually.[9]
  • Callington – Shop decorations and a St Piran's Supper with Cornish music and poetry.[6]
  • Falmouth – parade through the town including nearly 100 school children. Shop window competition.[10][11]
  • Penzance – annual performance of St Piran Furry dance and procession through the streets by 500 children. Annual St Piran Schools Concert.[12]
  • Redruth – first held in 2011 and billed as the biggest St Piran's celebration in Cornwall. It includes entertainments in the town centre before a parade to the rugby club where there was a market and fairground rides, with a rugby match. During the evening there are various live music events at venues across the town. In 2011 over 2000 people attended the rugby club events while hundreds more attended events in the town. 2012 saw three separate marches from different parts of the town converge as one giant procession at the miner's statue before heading to the rugby club.[13][14]
  • St Ives – Procession through the streets.[12]
  • Truro – Procession through the streets with speeches outside Truro Cathedral, which has a St Piran themed lunch menu in its café, and a Cornish folk music session afterwards.[15] Hundreds of people attend the parade annually.[16]
  • United States – St Piran's day is also celebrated annually in Grass Valley, California, United States, to honour the Cornish miners who participated in the area's mining history beginning in the mid 19th century.[17] In addition, Cornish genealogy organisations throughout the United States meet in celebration of Cornish history.

St Piran's Day Bank Holiday proposals[edit]

In 2006 Cornish MP Dan Rogerson asked the government to make 5 March a public holiday in Cornwall to recognise St Piran's Day celebrations. Some council workers in Bodmin were granted the holiday in 2006,[18] and from 2009 Penzance Town Council offered its employees a St Piran's Day Holiday following a campaign by the Celtic League.[19] A total of nine town and city councils across Cornwall have given their staff the day off.

There have been other calls and petitions for a Cornish public holiday on 5 March. It has been suggested that a move from the May Day Bank Holiday to a St Piran's Day Bank Holiday in Cornwall would be worth £20–35 million to the Cornish economy.[20]

In December 2011 Cornwall Council voted in favour of asking the government to make St Piran's Day a bank holiday in Cornwall, should they decide to move the May Day holiday.[21]

A petition for a county wide day off at the Cornwall council website, closed with only 363 signatures, and fell far short of the 50,000 signatures required.[22][23][24]

Towns and cities that give their staff an annual day off work for St Piran's Day:[25]

Schools that give parents the option of taking their children out of school for the day:[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Piran's Day: 10 things you need to know about the annual Cornish day". The Mirror. Mirror.co.uk. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "St Piran's Day, 5th March – The Patron Saint of Cornwall". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Attwater, D. (1965) The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. Penguin Books; p. 288
  4. ^ Hunt, Robt., Popular Romances of the West of England
  5. ^ a b "St. Piran's Day", Cornish Culture
  6. ^ a b An Daras Archived 26 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Kent, Alice (9 February 2010). "St Piran's Day celebrations". This is Cornwall. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Hundreds gather to honour patron saint". This is Cornwall. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.bude-today.co.uk/news.cfm?id%3D8752%26searchword%3Dbude%2520surf. Retrieved 14 February 2012.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  10. ^ "A special day celebrating St Piran". This is Cornwall. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Falmouth to host St Piran's Day celebrations (From Falmouth Packet)". Falmouthpacket.co.uk. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "They're preparing to march once more for St Piran". Bude People. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "St Piran's event aims high with big 2012 plans". This is Cornwall. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Biggest and best St Piran's festival raises the bar again". This is Cornwall. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "St Piran Day Events 2011 | Cornwall Info". Cornwallinformation.co.uk. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Cornwall Uncovered – Story Celebrating St Piran's Day in Truro". BBC. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  17. ^ Moberly, Greg (10 March 2008). "Flight of the pasty". The Union. Retrieved 12 March 2008. 
  18. ^ "BBC news 2006 – St Piran's holiday for employees". BBC. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Yahoo! Groups". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  20. ^ Western Morning News, Cornish National Holiday worth £35m, 23 November 2011 – http://www.thisiscornwall.co.uk/Cornish-national-holiday-worth-pound-35m/story-13929647-detail/story.html?dwrMeth=addComment&afterReg=Y
  21. ^ "St Piran's Day holiday put to Government by council". This is Cornwall. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "ePetition". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "ePetition". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "St Piran's Day Petition " The Celtic League". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "KERNOW: More council staff get Saint Piran's day holiday « The Celtic League". Celticleague.net. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "Pupils will be able to miss school for St Piran's Parade". This is Cornwall. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 

External links[edit]