St Stanislaus' College (Bathurst)

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St Stanislaus' College
StStanislausCrest.jpg
St Stanislaus Bathurst Front.jpg
Location
Bathurst, New South Wales
Australia
Coordinates 33°25′44″S 149°34′11″E / 33.42889°S 149.56972°E / -33.42889; 149.56972Coordinates: 33°25′44″S 149°34′11″E / 33.42889°S 149.56972°E / -33.42889; 149.56972
Information
Type Independent, Single-sex, Day & Boarding
Motto Nos Autem in Nomine Domini
"But we (Trust) in the name of the Lord"
Denomination Catholic, Vincentian
Established 1867[1]
President Vacant
Principal Dr. Anne Wenham
Staff 49[2]
Enrolment 596 (7–12)[2]
Colour(s) Navy blue and white
Website

St Stanislaus' College is a Catholic day and boarding high school for boys, founded in 1867[3] and conducted since 1889 by the Congregation of the Mission's priests and brothers. It is located in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, a regional centre 200 kilometres (120 mi) west of Sydney. The college is the oldest Catholic boys' boarding school in Australia,[4] and currently caters for approximately 600 students from Years 7 to 12, including about 120 boarders.[2] The early history of the College is intertwined with that of the short-lived St Charles' Seminary; both institutions shared the original towered section of building facing Brilliant Street until the latter closed in the late 1800s.

St Stanislaus' College is affiliated with the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia (AHISA),[5] and is a member of the Association of Independent Schools of New South Wales (AISNSW).[6]

College motto[edit]

St Stanislaus' College shares its motto with its older sister, St Vincent's College in Castleknock, Dublin: Nos Autem In Nomine Domini ('We, however, in the name of the Lord'), which comes from Psalm 20:7 (Septuagint numbering 19:7). The text in the psalm is "Hi in curribus et hi en equis; nos autem in nomine Domini Dei nostri invocabimus" ('Some trust in chariots or horses; we, however, [trust] in the Name of the Lord.').[7] However, considering invocamimus, it may be more accurately translated as "we, however, will call upon the Name of the Lord".[8]

Patron saints[edit]

St Stanislaus[edit]

The main patron saint of the College is St Stanislaus Kostka SJ of Poland (1550–68). He walked from Vienna to Rome to join the Jesuit order. En route Kostka stopped at Dilingen in obedience to St Peter Canisius who tested his vocation there. On his seventeenth birthday achieved his aim and joined the order. Partly because of the exhaustion from his arduous journey, he died about two months before he turned eighteen.[9]

House patrons[edit]

The College has six houses.

The patron of St Vincent's House is St Vincent de Paul (11581-1660), the founder of the Congregation of the Mission, also called the Vincentian order. The charism of St Vincent underpins all that the College stands for. St Vincent also founded the Daughters of Charity and gave his life in service of the poor and is known as the patron saint of charitable societies.[10]

The patron of St Charles' House is St Charles Borromeo (1538–1584) who was the patron of the short-lived seminary which was the sister institution of the College in the early years. A statue of St Charles graces the old part of the College grounds. Borromeo was the Cardinal Archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and is ranked high among the great reformers of the Catholic Church in the troubled sixteenth century.[11]

The patron of St Joseph's House is St Joseph, Husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary; the patron of St John's House is St John the Evangelist; the patron of St Justin's House is St Justin de Jacobis CM, a Vincentian missionary bishop in Ethiopia; and the patron of Xavier's House is St Francis Xavier SJ, a Jesuit missionary.

College war-cry and song[edit]

The Ric

The College war-cry is known as "The Ric". The words are:[12]
Stannies, Stannies, one, two, three…
Ric, ric, rickety ric,
Hoopra, hooopra, hey!
Hey hoopra, hey hoopra,
Hey, hey, hey!
Aussie, aussie-ah,
who are, who are, who are we?
We are, we are SSC!
Where do we come from, yeah, yeah, yeah?
Stannies, Stannies 'heyah!

The Vincentius

The College Song is the 'Vincentius', a Latin hymn about St Vincent de Paul which includes a rendering of verses 15 and 16 of Psalm 132.

Vincentius orphanorum pater
Pauperes Sion saturabo panibus
Sacerdotes eius induam salutari

English translation: Vincent, father of orphans
The poor of Sion I will satisfy with bread
Its priests I will clothe with salvation

History[edit]

St Stanislaus' College was established in 1867[13] with 14 boys, near the present St Michael and St John's Cathedral. Tuition occurred until 1873 in part of the Denominational School, which replaced the demolished St Michael's church, and the boarders lived nearby under the care of Michael McGirr; the first President was his cousin, Fr James McGirr.[14] A quote from the Catholic newspaper, The Freeman's Journal, mentions the new College:[15]

A first class high school under the patronage and name of St Stanislaus will be opened on Monday next, under a competent staff of teachers, for the more advanced boys. Latin, Greek, French, mathematics, music, and the high branches of English literature are to be particularly attended to, principally with a view of preparing students for matriculation in the University, as well as fitting them for commercial pursuits.

The school came under the control of the Congregation of the Mission in 1889, following the arrival of the Vincentian Fathers and Brothers from Ireland. Their task was to run the College and St Charles' Seminary on the same site. The seminary was founded in 1875 and closed at the end of 1891.[16]

In 1892, the College became a member of the Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools of New South Wales (AAGPS).[17] However, travelling to Sydney for sports was difficult and membership was relinquished some years later.

In 1896, the College received much media attention when it became the site of the first x-ray for medical purposes in Australia. This x-ray was taken by Father Joseph Patrick Slattery on 21 September, and showed the location of gunshot in the shattered hand of an ex-student.[18]

The main oval was opened with a game of cricket on St Patrick's Day 1932, a College team pitted against an Australian XI captained by Alan Kippax and including Don Bradman.[19] The College has mainly played rugby union although rugby league was played for some years in all decades from the 1910s to the 1950s. The First XV won the Waratah Shield in 1974, 1980, 1981 and 1995.

Regarding the present site, the original part of the College's building with its three towers was constructed in stages from 1872 to 1907.[20] Other additions included the Gallagher Wing, completed in 1942;[21] an extension of the Chapel and Marble Hall, completed 1954;[22] the John Hall Wing, completed in 1962; and the Slattery Wing, opened by Prime Minister Robert Menzies in 1965.[23] In 1971 an olympic swimming pool was opened; the Guthrie Library, completed in 1976; the McMahon Wing, opened in 1985 and completing an internal quadrangle; the "Brothers" Industrial Arts Complex, constructed in 1989; and in 2005 a large indoor recreation venue and performing arts centre was built, overlooking No. 1 Oval. In 2011, the Trade Training Centre near the Fitz Oval was completed.[24]

The number of College Houses was increased from four to six in the 1980s.

Echoes from St Stanislaus'

Since the arrival of the Vincentians in 1889, the College's annual publication, Echoes from St Stanislaus' College, has been published nearly every year. There were gaps of several years during World War I and World War II.[25] In 1989 A Century of Echoes was published.[26]

Stanislaus College Old Boys Association[27]

The Association is a separate legal entity to the College and has a role in organizing reunions[28] and administrating the 'Stannies Old Boys Bursary Fund'.[29] There is a tradition of holding class reunions; the year after finishing Year 12; at five year intervals; or at special anniversaries, usually on decade intervals since finishing Year 12.[28] The Bursary Fund is used to contribute to the cost of annual College fees for boys with good academic potential and personal qualities.[29] The precursor of the Association was the "Sydney Union of St Stanislaus' Old Boys", founded on 22 April 1903.[30]

College chapel[edit]

Interior of the chapel at St Stanislaus' College

The chapel, part of the original building, was extended in 1954. Due to problems with the ceiling it was renovated in recent years, reopening during 2013.[31]

The main stained-glass window depicts the trinity, angels, and several Mysteries of the Rosary: the Annunciation (including part the greeting of the Angel Gabriel to Mary in Latin "Ave Maria gratia plena", i.e., "Hail Mary full of grace"), the Nativity, the Crucifixion and the Coronation of Mary as Queen of Heaven (including the opening words of the Latin hymn "Regina Caeli Laetare...", i.e., "Queen of Heaven, rejoice..."). The two side-altars feature two beautiful Hardman & Co. stained-glass windows each. There are two series of stained-glass windows at the sides of the chapel. Towards the front the windows represent the College House patron saints. Behind these are symbolised the Four Evangelists.

Two circular paintings have graced the chapel wall on either side of the main window for many years: St Vincent de Paul to the left, and Saint Patrick to the right.

Leadership[edit]

Presidents[edit]

The following individuals have served as presidents of St Stanislaus' College:

Order Name Denomination Term began Term ended Notes
1 Fr. James McGirr Diocesean 1867 early 1871 [32]:[pp. 52, 108]
2 Fr. Joseph Horan early 1871 1873
3 Rev. Dr John McAuliffe 1874 August 1878
4 Fr. Joseph Horan August 1878 1882
5 Fr. Pierce Corcoran 1883 1883
6 Rev. Dr Joseph P. Byrne 1884 1884
7 Fr. William Byrne 1885 1888
8 Fr. J. Byrne CM Vincentian 1889 1903 [16][32]:[p. 108]
9 Fr. M. J. O'Reilly CM 1903 1915
10 Fr. J. M. Lowe CM 1915 1921
11 Fr. John T. Hall CM 1921 1927
12 Fr. E. Gallagher CM 1927 1934
13 Fr. F. D. King CM 1934 1940
14 Fr. E. Gallagher CM 1941 1946
15 Fr. M. Howard CM 1947 1953
16 Fr. R. McDonnell CM 1954 1959
17 Fr. J. O'Neill CM 1960 May 1961
18 Fr. Joseph Keady CM May 1961 1966
19 Fr. J. A. Maloney CM 1967 1973
20 Fr. Joseph Keady CM 1974 1979 [26]:[p. 178][16]
21 Bro. Peter Dwyer CM 1980 1992 [16]
22 Fr. Tom Finn CM 1993 1998
23 Fr. Anthony Mannix CM 1999 2002
24 Fr. Maurice Sullivan CM 2003 2004
25 Fr. Doug Akehurst CM 2005 September 2015

Heads of College[edit]

The following individuals have served as heads of St Stanislaus' College:

Order Name Title Term begin Term end Notes
1 Michael McGirr Headmaster 1867 1872 [33]
2 John F. Edwards Head of College 1993 2012 [34]
3 Dr. Anne Wenham 2013 present

Child sexual abuse[edit]

During 2007 former priests, chaplains and teachers came under investigation over alleged child sexual abuse that up to 40 boys were allegedly sexually abused at the school from the 1960s through to the early 1990s.[35][dead link][36][37][38]

At least four people associated with St Stanislaus' College have faced legal proceedings due to alleged sexual abuse:

  1. Brian Spillane, an ordained priest, was initially charged by police in 2008 with 33 sexual abuse offences, including six counts of sexual intercourse with pupils from St Stanislaus' College.[39] In 2009 he was charged with a further 113 offences.[40] On a separate matter, Spillane was convicted in November 2010 of nine counts of indecent assault against three girls aged between eight and seventeen while he was based in both Bathurst and Sydney, for which he was sentenced to nine years jail in 2012 with a non-parole period of five years.[41] After a court-ordered media blackout was lifted dating from 2013, it was reported in 2016 that Spillane was convicted of assaults on five St Stanislaus' College students after a trial in 2013, that in 2015 he pleaded guilty to assaults on four boys at the school in the late 1980s, and during 2016 Spillane was convicted of attacks on five students between 1974 and 1990. Spillane was sentenced in early 2017 for the latest offending, and is serving a total of 25 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of sixteen and a half years.[42]
  2. Kevin Phillips, also an ordained priest, pleaded guilty to four counts of gross indecency with a child under the age of 18, resulting in concurrent sentences of 9 months under the first three charges, and an additional 9 months for the fourth.[43][44]
  3. John Gaven, a Vincentian Brother, was charged with 28 sex offences;[45] and in March 2013 was found guilty on six sexual assault charges against former students.[46]
  4. Along with Spillane, Phillips and Gaven, one other man has been charged with sexual abuse cases related to the school: with five counts of indecent assault and one count of sexual assault.[47]
  5. Glenn Michael Humphreys, an ordained priest, was found guilty by a Distirct Court jury of sexual assault offences against St Stanislaus' College students during the 1970s and 1980s. Humphreys was sentenced in June 2018 to a minimum custodial term of three and a half years.[48]

Notable alumni and past staff members[edit]

The following individuals have been educated or served as staff members of St Stanislaus' College and St Charles' Seminary. They are listed with the years at College in brackets, where known.

Business
  • John Cummins – a businessman in Townsville, Queensland, b.1857 d.1934[49]
Clergy and Brothers
  • Dom Richard Hugh Connoly OSB (1889) – a monk of Downside Abbey and a major contributor to Syriac scholarship. b. 1873 d. 16 March 1948.
  • Most Rev Patrick Vincent Dwyer (c. 1867 – c. 1874) – Bishop of Maitland, 1909–31[50]
  • Br George Ellrott CM (staff 1978-92) – an inventor and builder of the first front-end loader in Australia[51]
  • Rev Fr Chris Middleton SJ (1970–75) – Rector and Deputy Headmaster, St Ignatius' College Athelstone, Adelaide, 1998–2002; Principal, St Aloysius College, Sydney, 2003–14; Rector, Xavier College, Melbourne, since June 2014[52]
  • Most Rev Patrick O'Regan (c. 1971 – 1976) – Bishop of Sale[53]
  • Rev Fr Maurice Joseph O'Reilly CM – President 1903–15; after his time at St Stanislaus' he became Rector of St John's College, University of Sydney. He was a controversialist, journal editor, poet and an apologist for the Catholic faith; b. 1866, d. 1933[54]
  • Rev Fr Joseph Patrick Slattery CM – an alumnus of St Charles' Seminary and taught at St Stanislaus'; a Vincentian priest, physicist, radiologist and a pioneer in the field of radiography in Australia[55]
Entertainment and the arts
Military
Politics and the law
Public service
  • James Joseph Callaghan (student 1867, staff 1868-70) – Irish nationalist, Journalist, school teacher and trade union official[74]
  • John C. G. Kevin CBE (c. 1920s) – a diplomat; b. 1909, d. 1968[75]
  • Sir Peter Lawler OBE (c. 1933) – an Australian senior public servant and diplomat
  • John Lawler AM, APM (1973—1974) – 34-year career in law enforcement, including for CEO of the Australian Crime Commission;[76] son of Sir Peter Lawler.
  • Charles St John Mulholland (c. 1915—c.??) – a geologist and public servant[77]
  • John L. Weingarth (c. 1870s) – a surveyor who supervised the construction of the racecourses in Sydney; b. 1862, d. 1925[78]
Science
  • Claude Bowhay (c. 1919 – ??) – grazier and sheep breeder, wool industry leader[79]
  • Dr James Fitzpatrick (?? – 1991) – paediatrician; 2001 Young Australian of the Year[80]
  • Leslie J. R. Jones – aeronautical engineer, b. 1886, d. 1970[81]
  • Esmond Venner (Bill) Keogh – medical scientist, administrator and soldier; b. 1895, d. 1970[82]
  • Pat Moran (1930 – 1933) – statistician[83]
  • Fr Joseph Slattery CM – see Clergy and Brothers above.
Sport

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]