St Thomas, Exeter
St Thomas (St Thomas the Apostle's) is a large 3,700-acre (15 km2) civil parish in Devon, England, on the western side of the river Exe, connected to Exeter by Exe Bridge. It has a number of pubs, places of worship, a couple of schools and a large shopping precinct. The population, according to the 2001 census, is 6,246, increasing to 6,455 at the 2011 Census.
St Thomas ward is currently politically represented by County and City Councillor, Rob Hannaford and City Councillor Adrian Fullam.
It originally consisted of two detached parts, the main part of which was by Exeter, to the west of the River Exe. The urban area that built up here but was not originally part of Exeter. The other part, about a mile to the west of the main body of the parish, contained the hamlet of Oldridge and was transferred to the parish of Whitestone in 1884.
St Thomas the Apostle became an urban district in 1894 with the passing of the Local Government Act 1894, and was incorporated into the municipal borough of Exeter in 1900. The name survives for the central area of Exeter west of the river.
A St Thomas Rural District existed from 1894 to 1974.
St Thomas is served by Exeter St Thomas railway station
Parish Church of St Thomas the Apostle
The parish church of St Thomas stood outside the city walls of Exeter, immediately to the south-west of the city and separated from it by the River Exe. It is larger than any of the parish churches formerly encompassed by the city walls, thus within the city of Exeter proper. The mediaeval church burned down in 1645 during the Civil War, and was rebuilt before 1657. An arcade survives from the earlier church of 1412, but the present exterior is Gothic of 1646 with a north aisle of circa 1810 and a chancel of 1829. There are three varieties of Gothic style here, 17th century, Decorated (ca. 1810), and Perpendicular (Victorian). John Betjeman said little about it in his Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches: the South (1968): only "fittings".
Historic estates situated within the parish of St Thomas include:
- Floyer Hayes for several centuries until the mid-1600s the seat of the Floyer family.
- Cleve, seat of Thomas Northmore (c.1643-1713) a Barrister-at-Law, a Master in Chancery and a Member of Parliament for Okehampton in Devon 1695-1708, whose monument survives in St Thomas's Church.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004
- Pevsner, N. (1952) South Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books; pp. 148-53
- Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.852, pedigree of Northmore of Cleve
- Vivian, 1895, p.852
- Eveline Cruickshanks / Andrew A. Hanham, biography of Northmore, Thomas (c.1643-1713), of St. Thomas Nigh, Exeter, Devon and the Inner Temple, published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
- Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.396