Staats Long Morris

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Staats Long Morris (27 August 1728 Morrisiana, New York – 28 January 1800 Quebec, Canada)[1] was an American colonist who served as a major-general in the British army during the American Revolution. He was the grandson of Lewis Morris (the first governor of New Jersey), the brother of Lewis Morris (a signer of the Declaration of Independence), and the half-brother of Gouverneur Morris (an author of the United States Constitution).

He studied at Yale College.[2] On 31 May 1756, he joined the British army, and became captain of the 36th Regiment of Foot. He was quickly promoted lieutenant-colonel in the 89th (Highland) Regiment of Foot, with which he served at the siege of the French colony of Pondicherry, India in 1761. He became Colonel in the 61st Foot.[3] On 7 July 1763, he was made brigadier-general, in 1777 he obtained major-general, and in 1796 he became a general.[4] He was appointed to succeed James Johnston as governor of the garrison at Quebec in 1797,[5] holding the office until his death.[6]

In 1769, he took out a patent of some 30,000 acres, at Butternuts Creek, near Otsego Lake (New York), and developed a settlement. In 1785, the patent was reassigned to Lewis Morris, and Richard Morris.[7] He inherited Morrisiana,[8] which he sold to Gouveneur Morris in 1787.[9] On 1 June 1769, he purchased 967.37 acres, for £2,902 near Morristown, New Jersey.[10] On 28 August 1790, he sold land in New Jersey to John Ramsey, John Dickson, and Thomas Coyle.[11]

Morris became a member of the British Parliament, representing Elgin Burghs from 1774 to 1784.[12][13] He was buried in an unmarked grave in the nave of Westminster Abbey in 1800.


In March 1756, Morris married the widowed Lady Catherine Gordon (Duchess of Gordon), daughter of William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen and Lady Susan Murray (died 10 December 1779).[4][14][15] He married Miss Jane Urquart (died 15 March 1801),[16] about December 1780.[17]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Samuel J. Willis, David Thomas Valentine (1864). Manual of the corporation of the city of New York. New York (N.Y.): Common Council. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 14074. p. 1202. 19 December 1797.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15256. p. 463. 13 May 1800.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  13. ^ Joseph Lemuel Chester, ed. (1876). The marriage, baptismal, and burial registers of the collegiate church or abbey of St. Peter, Westminster. Harleian Society. 
  14. ^ entry
  15. ^ John Burke (1838). A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. 4. Colburn. 
  16. ^ Joseph Lemuel Chester, ed. (1876). The marriage, baptismal, and burial registers of the collegiate church or abbey of St. Peter, Westminster. Harleian Society. 
  17. ^ John Bulloch, ed. (1900). Scottish notes and queries. D. Wyllie & Son. 


Military offices
Preceded by
John Barlow
Colonel of the 61st Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir George Hewett, 1st Baronet
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Lockhart
Member of Parliament for Elgin Burghs
Succeeded by
William Adam