Stabat Mater (Boccherini)

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The Stabat Mater is a musical setting of the Stabat Mater sequence, composed by Luigi Boccherini in 1781 and revised in 1801.

Boccherini (1743–1805) was a musician best known for chamber music (string quintets). His vocal work is played less often. He worked as a cantatrice and wrote numerous religious works (including one mass, two motets and two oratorios).

His Stabat Mater was a command passed in 1781 by the office of Las Arenas, his employer, the child Don Luis. The text is a text dating from the 13th century and attributed to Jacopone da Todi which meditates on the suffering of Mary during the crucifixion. The first version consisted of one soprano voice accompanied by a string quintet (two violins, one viola, two cellos). It consists of 11 parts and lasts around three quarters of an hour. The musician rewrote it around twenty years later (in 1801) when he added an overture for two voices: a contralto and a tenor. The definitive work is known as opus 61 of the musician.

  • Stabat mater dolorosa, Grave assai
  • Cujus animam gementem, Allegro
  • Quae moerebat et dolebat, Allegretto con moto
  • Quid est homo, Adagio assai – Recitativo
  • Pro peccatis suae gentis, Allegretto
  • Eja mater, fons amoris, Larghetto non tanto
  • Tui nati vulnerati, Allegro vivo
  • Virgo virginum praeclara, Andantino
  • Fac ut portem Christi mortem, Larghetto
  • Fac me plagis vulnerari, Allegro commodo
  • Quando corpus morietur, Andante lento

Bibliography[edit]

  • Luca Lévi Sala, Édition critique du «Stabat Mater» de Luigi Boccherini, PhD Dissertation, 2 Vols., UFR Sciences Humaines et Arts, Université de Poitiers (France), 2012, pp. xxii-188+404.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, 'Luigi Boccherini, Stabat Mater (2 versions) G 532', Bologna, Ut Orpheus Edizioni (Opera Omnia, Italian National Edition under the Direction of Christian Speck, Vol. VI, BCE 6), 2016, ISBN 978-88-8109-498-1, ISMN 979-0-2153-2378-0, in press.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, Luigi Boccherini, Stabat Mater in F minor G 532 for Soprano, 2 Violins, Viola, Violoncello and Basso, Practical Edition, Bologna, Ut Orpheus Edizioni (PEB 37A), 2015, pp. x-91, ISMN 979-0-2153-2311-7.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, ‘Le Stabat Mater (1781) de Luigi Boccherini : nouveaux témoignages sur le manuscrit M. 2103.3 B 65 de la Bibliothèque du Congrès de Washington’, in Boccherini Studies: New Evidence, Christian Speck (ed.), Bologna, Ut Orpheus Edizioni, 2014 (BS, 4), pp. 95–117, ISBN 978-88-8109-486-8.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, ‘Le manuscrit espagnol I-Li PI 233 du Stabat Mater Op. 61 de Luigi Boccherini : ce que les sources nous disent’, in Boccherini Studies: New Evidence, Christian Speck (ed.), Bologna, Ut Orpheus Edizioni, 2014 (BS, 4), pp. 119–139, ISBN 978-88-8109-486-8.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, ’Le Stabat Mater Op. 61 (1801) de Luigi Boccherini : genèse et état des sources’, in Revue de Musicologie, vol. 100 (2014/2), Paris, Société française de musicologie, pp. 323–356, ISSN 0035-1601.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, 'Deux manuscrits inconnus du Stabat Mater Op. 61 de Luigi Boccherini’, in Quatre siècles d’édition musicale. Mélanges offerts à Jean Gribenski (Études de Musicologie/Musicological Studies 5), Joann Élart, Etienne Jardin and Patrick Taïeb (eds.), Basel, Peter Lang, 2014, pp. 147–155, ISBN 978-2-87574-212-4.
  • Luca Lévi Sala, 'Le fonti secondarie francesi dello Stabat Mater Op. 61 di Luigi Boccherini: due manoscritti inediti’, in Die wiener Klassiker und das Italien ihrer Zeit, Petra Weber (ed.), Munich, Fink, 2015, pp. 217–226, ISBN 978-3-7705-5875-9.

Discography[edit]

  • Stabat MaterRoberta Invernizzi, L'Archibudelli (2003, Sony SK 89 926)
  • Stabat Mater – Agnès Melon (soprano), Ensemble 415, Dir. Chiara Banchini (1992, Harmonia Mundi HM 901378)
  • Stabat MaterIsabel Rey (soprano), JONDE, dir. Riccardo Frizza, DECCA