Stabat Mater (Vivaldi)

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Stabat Mater for solo alto and orchestra, RV 621, is a composition by the Italian baroque composer Antonio Vivaldi on one of the Sorrows of Mary. It was premiered around 1727. A piano transcription was featured prominently in the 1999 film The Talented Mr. Ripley.


The work is scored for violins I & II, violas, solo alto or countertenor and basso continuo.


Vivaldi's Stabat Mater only uses the first ten stanzas of the hymn.[1] The music is keyed in F minor, and is generally slow and melancholy, with allegro only being used once in the Amen, and all the other movements not going faster than andante. Movements 4, 5, and 6 are identical to the first three musically.

It is split into nine movements as follows:

  1. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Cujus animam gementem
  3. O quam tristis et afflicta
  4. Quis est homo
  5. Quis non posset contristari
  6. Pro peccattis suae gentis
  7. Eia mater, fons amoris
  8. Fac ut ardeat cor meum
  9. Amen


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