Stachyose

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Stachyose
Stachyose.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-2-[(2S,3S,4S,5R)- 3,4-Dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl) oxolan-2-yl]oxy-6-[ [(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[ [(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6- (hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl] oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxane-3,4,5-triol
Other names
β-D-Fructofuranosyl-O-α-D
-galactopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-α-D
-galactopyranosyl-(1→6)-α- D-glucopyranoside
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.006.754
EC Number 207-427-3
UNII
Properties
C24H42O21
Molar mass 666.578 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Stachyose is a tetrasaccharide consisting of two α-D-galactose units, one α-D-glucose unit, and one β-D-fructose unit sequentially linked as gal(α1→6)gal(α1→6)glc(α1↔2β)fru. Together with related oligosaccharides such as raffinose, Stachyose occurs naturally in numerous vegetables (e.g. green beans, soybeans and other beans) and other plants.

Stachyose is less sweet than sucrose, at about 28% on a weight basis. It is mainly used as a bulk sweetener or for its functional oligosaccharide properties.[1][additional citation(s) needed] Stachyose is not completely digestible by humans and delivers 1.5 to 2.4 kcal/g (6 to 10 kJ/g).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nakakuki, T. (2002). "Present status and future of functional oligosaccharide development in Japan" (PDF). Pure and Applied Chemistry. 74 (7): 1245–1251. doi:10.1351/pac200274071245.

External links[edit]