Stadtbahn Glattal

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Stadtbahn Glattal
Glatttalbahn - Glattzentrum 2012-10-06 12-05-27.jpg
Stadtbahn Glattal at Glattzentrum in Wallisellen
Overview
Type Light rail
Locale Glattal
Canton of Zürich
Switzerland
Services 3
Operation
Opened In phases from 2006 to 2010
Owner Verkehrsbetriebe Glattal (VBG)
Operator(s) Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ)
Technical
Line length 12.7 km (7.9 mi)
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electrification 600 V DC Overhead catenary
Route diagram
VBZ from Bucheggplatz Zurich tram route 11.PNG
Bahnhof Oerlikon
VBZ from Milchbuck Zurich tram route 10.PNG Zurich tram route 14.PNG
Sternen Oerlikon
Bahnhof Oerlikon Ost
VBZ to Seebach Zurich tram route 14.PNG
Messe/Hallenstation
Boundary between VBZ/VBG
Leutschenbach
Oerlikerhus
Glattpark
Fernsehstudio
Auzelg Zurich tram route 11.PNG
Lindberghplatz
Stelze/Margarethen
Bahnhof Glattbrugg
Bäuler
Unterriet
Viadukt Balsberg
Kloten Balsberg
Viadukt Balsberg
Zürich Flughafen
Zürich Flughafen, Fracht Zurich tram route 10.PNG Zurich tram route 12.PNG
Option Ringbahn Hardwald
Herti
Belair
Bahnhof Wallisellen
Viadukt Wallisellen
Glatt
Viadukt Wallisellen
Neugut
Giessen
Ringwiesen
Boundary between VBG/VBZ
Bahnhof Stettbach Zurich tram route 7.PNG Zurich tram route 12.PNG
VBZ to Milchbuck Zurich tram route 7.PNG
Glattalbahn (Phase 2) near Glattbrugg, with Cobra tram in VBZ colours
Cobra tram in VBG colours
A typical Stadtbahn stop at Örlikerhaus
A stretch of ballasted Stadtbahn track

The Glattalbahn, originally known as the Stadtbahn Glattal, was a project that was ultimately successful in introducing a modern rapid-transit system to the Glattal area of Switzerland, to the north of the city of Zürich. Stadtbahn Glattal was developed as a metre gauge tram system with through-running to neighbouring Zürich. It was built and is owned by the Verkehrsbetriebe Glattal (VBG), but is operated under contract to them by the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ).[1][2]

Stadtbahn Glattal is the official denomination of this system. This name is used in all official and legal processes. Elsewhere, the alternative term, Glattalbahn, is frequently substituted. The latter term correctly refers to the railway line from Wallisellen to Uster. It is, however, widely used for the Stadtbahn Glattal system and is prominent on the official website and advertising material.

Stadtbahn Glattal is sometimes described in German as a Mittelverteiler, i.e., intermediate distributor (intermediate between S-Bahn and bus).

History[edit]

Pre-existing situation[edit]

A private tramway company, the Strassenbahn Zürich-Oerlikon-Seebach (ZOS), opened a line from Zürich Seebach to Glattbrugg in 1908. At the time, this area was sparsely inhabited and the line was not a commercial success. The link was replaced by a bus service in 1931.

In the period following World War II, the Glattal area experienced a rapid boom as population and industry spilled over from nearby Zürich. The development was acceleated by the inauguration of Zurich Airport near Kloten in 1953. The economic growth of the Glattal region is continuing to this day. One of the consequences of the rapid transformation is rising traffic congestion.[1]

The area was, and still is, served by the Zürich S-Bahn, which provides frequent and fast connections between its stations. There are also fast train connections from Zürich Airport to central Zürich, some calling in Oerlikon. However the stations of the S-Bahn are widely spaced and, prior to the development of the Stadtbahn Glattal, onward distribution from the railway stations depended on bus services.[1]

Investigation[edit]

By the 1990s, it was recognised that the bus services in the Glattal region were suffering from both road congestion and vehicle overloading. It was decided to investigate the construction of a rapid transit system.[1]

Following the evaluation of alternatives, including a monorail system, a metre gauge tram was selected on account of its compatibility with that of neighbouring Zürich and the ability to provide through services.[1]

Development[edit]

The regional bus operating authority for the Glattal area, the VBG, was charged with managing the implementation of the project, and it in turn subcontracted the operation of the rail services to the VBZ.[1]

The system was developed in three phases:

  • Phase 1 saw Zürich city trams extended from Messe to Auzelg. Construction began in 2004 and this line was inaugurated in late 2006. It is operated as an extension of city route 11.[3]
  • Phase 2 branched off from phase 1 and ran to Zürich Airport via Opfikon and Glattbrugg. Construction began in 2006 and the line was opened in December 2008. The route is operated as an extension of city route 10.[4]
  • Phase 3 saw the phase 1 line extended from Auzelg via Wallisellen to Bahnhof Stettbach in Dübendorf. Construction began in 2008 for a 2010 opening. Trams now run from Zürich Airport to Bahnhof Stettbach as the new route 12.[5]

Operation[edit]

The Stadtbahn Glattal is operated by Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ) as an extension to its Zürich tram network. The following routes are operated:[1][6][7]

Route Description (Portion of route in italics is on VBZ owned track)
10 Hauptbahnhof - Sternen Oerlikon - Bhf.Oerlikon Ost - Leutschenbach - Glattpark - Bhf.Glattbrugg - Bhf.Kloten Balsberg - Zürich Airport
11 Rehalp - Hauptbahnhof - Bhf.Oerlikon - Sternen Oerlikon - Hallenstadion - Leutschenbach - Glattpark - Auzelg
12 Zurich Airport - Bhf.Kloten Balsberg - Bhf.Glattbrugg - Glattpark - Auzelg - Bhf.Wallisellen - Glattzentrum - Dübendorf - Ringwiesen - Bhf.Stettbach

Routes 10 and 12 are operated by the VBZ on behalf of the VBG, normally using low floor Cobra tramcars in the VBG's own predominantly white colour scheme. Route 11 is operated by the VBZ on its own behalf, normally using vehicles in its own livery with journeys alternating between low floor and older high floor vehicles.[1][2][6]

Future plans[edit]

There are several future plans for extension of the system. These are as yet uncommitted, although in some cases the proposed alignment has been protected. They include:[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Wansbeek, C.J. (October 2003). "Glattal: High quality light rail to Zürich airport". Tramways & Urban Transit. Ian Allan Ltd / Light Rail Transit Association. pp. 374–376. 
  2. ^ a b Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7. 
  3. ^ "Glattalbahn opening — and green light for third phase". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  4. ^ "Glattalbahn: Phase Two opens". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  5. ^ "Glattalbahn opening in photos". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Gleisplan - Straßenbahn Zürich mit Glattal" [Trackplan - Zurich with Glattal] (PDF) (in German). January 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  7. ^ "Stadt Zürich - Zurich City - Transport Map" (PDF). City of Zürich. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  8. ^ "Glattalbahn to Uster?". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  9. ^ "Ringbahn Hardwald". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Glattalbahn at Wikimedia Commons