Stadtbahn Glattal at Glattzentrum in Wallisellen
Canton of Zürich
|Opened||In phases from 2006 to 2010|
|Owner||Verkehrsbetriebe Glattal (VBG)|
|Operator(s)||Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ)|
|Line length||12.7 km (7.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC Overhead catenary|
The Glattalbahn, originally known as the Stadtbahn Glattal, was a project that was ultimately successful in introducing a modern rapid-transit system to the Glattal area of Switzerland, to the north of the city of Zürich. Stadtbahn Glattal was developed as a metre gauge tram system with through-running to neighbouring Zürich. It was built and is owned by the Verkehrsbetriebe Glattal (VBG), but is operated under contract to them by the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ).
Stadtbahn Glattal is the official denomination of this system. This name is used in all official and legal processes. Elsewhere, the alternative term, Glattalbahn, is frequently substituted. The latter term correctly refers to the railway line from Wallisellen to Uster. It is, however, widely used for the Stadtbahn Glattal system and is prominent on the official website and advertising material.
A private tramway company, the Strassenbahn Zürich-Oerlikon-Seebach (ZOS), opened a line from Zürich Seebach to Glattbrugg in 1908. At the time, this area was sparsely inhabited and the line was not a commercial success. The link was replaced by a bus service in 1931.
In the period following World War II, the Glattal area experienced a rapid boom as population and industry spilled over from nearby Zürich. The development was acceleated by the inauguration of Zurich Airport near Kloten in 1953. The economic growth of the Glattal region is continuing to this day. One of the consequences of the rapid transformation is rising traffic congestion.
The area was, and still is, served by the Zürich S-Bahn, which provides frequent and fast connections between its stations. There are also fast train connections from Zürich Airport to central Zürich, some calling in Oerlikon. However the stations of the S-Bahn are widely spaced and, prior to the development of the Stadtbahn Glattal, onward distribution from the railway stations depended on bus services.
By the 1990s, it was recognised that the bus services in the Glattal region were suffering from both road congestion and vehicle overloading. It was decided to investigate the construction of a rapid transit system.
Following the evaluation of alternatives, including a monorail system, a metre gauge tram was selected on account of its compatibility with that of neighbouring Zürich and the ability to provide through services.
The regional bus operating authority for the Glattal area, the VBG, was charged with managing the implementation of the project, and it in turn subcontracted the operation of the rail services to the VBZ.
The system was developed in three phases:
- Phase 1 saw Zürich city trams extended from Messe to Auzelg. Construction began in 2004 and this line was inaugurated in late 2006. It is operated as an extension of city route 11.
- Phase 2 branched off from phase 1 and ran to Zürich Airport via Opfikon and Glattbrugg. Construction began in 2006 and the line was opened in December 2008. The route is operated as an extension of city route 10.
- Phase 3 saw the phase 1 line extended from Auzelg via Wallisellen to Bahnhof Stettbach in Dübendorf. Construction began in 2008 for a 2010 opening. Trams now run from Zürich Airport to Bahnhof Stettbach as the new route 12.
|Route||Description (Portion of route in italics is on VBZ owned track)|
|10||Hauptbahnhof - Sternen Oerlikon - Bhf.Oerlikon Ost - Leutschenbach - Glattpark - Bhf.Glattbrugg - Bhf.Kloten Balsberg - Zürich Airport|
|11||Rehalp - Hauptbahnhof - Bhf.Oerlikon - Sternen Oerlikon - Hallenstadion - Leutschenbach - Glattpark - Auzelg|
|12||Zurich Airport - Bhf.Kloten Balsberg - Bhf.Glattbrugg - Glattpark - Auzelg - Bhf.Wallisellen - Glattzentrum - Dübendorf - Ringwiesen - Bhf.Stettbach|
Routes 10 and 12 are operated by the VBZ on behalf of the VBG, normally using low floor Cobra tramcars in the VBG's own predominantly white colour scheme. Route 11 is operated by the VBZ on its own behalf, normally using vehicles in its own livery with journeys alternating between low floor and older high floor vehicles.
- The Ringbahn Hardwald extends the system from the end of the current phase 2 line at Zurich Airport, via Kloten, Bassersdorf, Dietlikon and Dübendorf, to a common terminus with the already built phase 3 line at Stettbach railway station.
- An extension from Dübendorf to Uster.
- An extension to Bülach.
- Wansbeek, C.J. (October 2003). "Glattal: High quality light rail to Zürich airport". Tramways & Urban Transit. Ian Allan Ltd / Light Rail Transit Association. pp. 374–376.
- Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
- "Glattalbahn opening — and green light for third phase". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Glattalbahn: Phase Two opens". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Glattalbahn opening in photos". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Gleisplan - Straßenbahn Zürich mit Glattal" [Trackplan - Zurich with Glattal] (PDF) (in German). January 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Stadt Zürich - Zurich City - Transport Map" (PDF). City of Zürich. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- "Glattalbahn to Uster?". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Ringbahn Hardwald". www.proactiva.ch. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
Media related to Glattalbahn at Wikimedia Commons