City Palace, Potsdam
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|City Palace, Potsdam|
The Potsdam City Palace in 2013 with St. Nicholas' Church in the background
Location in Germany
|Architectural style||Baroque, Rococo|
|Town or city||Potsdam|
|Renovated||1744-52, 2006-13 (rebuild)|
|Client||Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
Frederick II of Prussia
State of Brandenburg
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff|
The Potsdam City Palace (German: Potsdamer Stadtschloss) was a historical building in Potsdam, Germany. It was the second official residence (the winter residence) of the margraves and electors of Brandenburg, later kings in Prussia, kings of Prussia and German emperors. The original building stood on the Old Market in Potsdam, next to the Church of St. Nicholas (Nikolaikirche) and the Old Townhall.
A partial reconstruction with a historic facade including numerous original components and a modern interior was completed in late 2013. The building has since served to house the parliament of the federal state of Brandenburg.
The Baroque palace was constructed on the site of an earlier fortification from 1662 to 1669 under Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, and was rebuilt by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff under Friedrich II from 1744 to 1752, who performed additional interior decoration. It stood as one of the most important examples of Frederician Rococo.
During an Allied bombing attack on 14 April 1945 the City Palace was bombed and burned out, although some parts of the main walls remained. The ruling communist party (official name: Socialist Unity Party of Germany, SED) decided to remove the ruin in 1960. The formerly cohesive Old Market lost its face. The only building of the castle that was left standing was the stables, in which today the Potsdam Museum of Film can be found.
In 1991, it was attempted to build a new theatre on the site of the City Palace, but this failed as it would have obstructed the view of the Church of St Nikolai. Only the skeleton of the building had gone up before it was once again torn down.
A partial reconstruction with a historic facade including numerous original components and a modern interior was completed in late 2013. The building now houses the parliament of the federal state of Brandenburg.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stadtschloss Potsdam.|
- 'Das Potsdamer Stadtschloss in Gefahr' (1949), historical short movie about Potsdam city palace warning against its demolition.