Stafford railway station

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Stafford National Rail
Stafford station, Geograph-2358606-by-David-Dixon.jpg
Station entrance.
Location
PlaceStafford
Local authorityBorough of Stafford
Coordinates52°48′13″N 2°07′23″W / 52.80359°N 2.12307°W / 52.80359; -2.12307Coordinates: 52°48′13″N 2°07′23″W / 52.80359°N 2.12307°W / 52.80359; -2.12307
Grid referenceSJ918229
Operations
Station codeSTA
Managed byVirgin Trains
Number of platforms5
DfT categoryC1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase 2.038 million
2014/15Increase 2.119 million
2015/16Increase 2.228 million
2016/17Increase 2.329 million
2017/18Increase 2.340 million
History
Original companyGrand Junction Railway
Pre-groupingLondon and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
4 July 1837 (1837-07-04)Station opened
1844Rebuilt
1862Rebuilt
1962Current building opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Stafford from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Stafford railway station is the only railway station in Stafford, Staffordshire, England, and is the second busiest railway station in Staffordshire, after Stoke-on-Trent. The station serves the county town, as well as surrounding villages. The station lies on the junction of the Trent Valley Line and the Rugby-Birmingham-Stafford Line.

Stafford station also formerly served the now defunct Stafford to Uttoxeter and Stafford to Shrewsbury Lines.

The current station building was built in 1962, and is the fourth station to have existed on this site. The interior of the station was refurbished in 2015, which allowed the station to have a new WH Smiths store, and an improved ticket office.

History[edit]

The railway station in 1960

The first station was built by the Grand Junction Railway and opened in July 1837.[1]:32 It soon became inadequate and was replaced by a second station in 1844. A third station was built in 1862 which was eventually replaced by the current concrete Brutalist building in 1962, built as part of the modernisation programme which saw the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.[2][3]

Lines originally built by the Stafford and Uttoxeter Railway and the Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company (to Shrewsbury) also used the station. The Stafford to Uttoxeter line closed to passenger traffic in 1939,[4] with the Shrewsbury line closing as part of the Beeching Axe in 1964.[5]

Following the rebuilding of the station between 1961 and 1962 by the architect William Robert Headley, Isabel, a narrow gauge engine built by local firm W.G. Bagnall stood on a plinth on the opposite side of Station Road at the junction of Railway Street, until it was removed in the mid-1980s and is now on the Amerton Railway.[6]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Two accidents have happened at Stafford since 1990:

  • On 4 August 1990, an out-of-service train heading to a depot in Birmingham crashed into the back of an express train bound for Penzance on Platform 4 at Stafford station. The driver was killed and 36 people were injured.[7]
  • On 8 March 1996, a mail train collided with a freight train carrying liquid carbon dioxide just south of Stafford. A mail sorter was killed and another 22 people were injured. The mail train locomotive was catapulted up the embankment and came to rest against a house.[8]

The station today[edit]

There are five platforms in use at the station, all of which are accessible from either of the main lines that converge from the south.[9] Platform 1 is usually used for services to London Euston, and platform 3 is usually used for services from London Euston towards Liverpool and Crewe. Platform 4 is usually used for trains towards Birmingham New Street, and the West of England. Platform 5 is usually used for services from towards Manchester, and Wales. Finally, platform 6 is usually used for trains starting/terminating towards/from London Euston, Birmingham New Street, Northampton, Stoke-on-Trent, Crewe and Liverpool Lime Street.[10]

The Stafford Area Improvements programme meant that trains are no longer bound to a platform based upon direction of travel, and trains can now use any platform, regardless of direction.

Stafford Station as of 2016, with a Vossloh British Rail Class 68 locomotive using the converted former Royal Mail platform.

Platform 6 used to be the terminus of the Chase Line, however it now terminates in Rugeley. The platform is also sometimes used for Railtours hence why the platform is split into "a" and "b" sections.

The former bay platform 2 is no longer used by passenger trains. While Virgin Trains operated the British Rail Class 57 Platform 2 used to operate as a 'stable' for these trains, but since their retirement, this job is now redundant. Occasionally, the bay platform 'stables' other locomotives from freight operators.

The westernmost platform (Also unofficially known as Platform 7) was formerly used by Royal Mail, to load mail from the sorting office next-door to the platform. This practice has since ended, and now the westernmost Platform has been converted into a Single Goods Line, with bi-directional operation. This was completed during the bank holiday weekend of the 29–31 August 2015.[11]

In October 2012 Network Rail began refurbishment works at the station, due to the poor condition of some of the structures. The work included resurfacing the platforms (Platforms 1 and 3 had been completed before the works), improving surface and roof drainage, renewing the opaque glazing on the footbridge, installing new canopy roof covers on the platforms and some structural work on the platform supports.[12]

In June 2015 Virgin Trains unveiled £1 million plans to refurbish the entrance, ticket hall and foyer. The worked started in November in the same year and was anticipated to be completed within 20 weeks. These were completed March 2016. The changes saw the ticket machines at the station double, WHSmith relocate to the former travel centre, the travel centre added onto the current ticket purchasing area and Starbucks take the place of Pumpkin Café Shop. The Cafe was also shortened to allow an increased size of the waiting area.[13][14]

Current facilities[edit]

Currently the station has many facilities which are typical of those across the Virgin Trains Network, such as a ticket office, toilets, car park, coffee shop, and newsagent.

Stafford Area Improvements Programme[edit]

The Stafford Area Improvements Programme by Network Rail aims to allow more trains to run and also aims to reduce journey times by removing key bottlenecks in the area around Stafford.[15]

The programme included large scale building works, north of Stafford station in Norton Bridge, Staffordshire, where a flyover was implemented to allow faster train services, and removed the need to slow down before entering the junction.

Other benefits of the programme, were the introduction of bi-directional signals at Stafford Station, which meant that trains can now use any platform, regardless of direction of travel.

Stafford resignalling[edit]

The resignalling aspect of the programme was completed over the bank holiday weekend of 29–31 August 2015. All platforms now have bi-directional signalling, and the goods loop is now operational.[16]

The resignalling programme meant that Stafford signal boxes would be closed, and trains would be controlled from the Rugby Rail Operating Centre (ROC). The last train was signalled from Stafford in the early hours of 29 August 2015, and the first train was signalled from Rugby ROC on the morning of 1 September 2015.[17]

Regular Services[edit]

A 1902 Railway Clearing House diagram of railway junctions around Stafford

From the south, two branches of the West Coast Main Line meet here: the Trent Valley Line and the Birmingham line. To the north, the trunk of the line continues towards Crewe, whilst the Manchester branch goes on to Stoke-on-Trent.

The station is currently served by three frequent operators (Virgin Trains, CrossCountry, and London North Western) and one less frequent operator Transport for Wales).

Usual off peak services at Stafford follow a pattern such as the one below:

Southbound rail services[edit]

Northbound rail services[edit]

Other services which do not operate on a regular basis are also present at Stafford, including other Virgin Trains services and Transport for Wales services.

Future services[edit]

Under current proposals, Stafford will be a part of the High Speed 2 network, via a 'Classic Compatible' junction, which will allow HS2 trains to operate to Stafford, and further on towards Liverpool. This would shorten journey time from Stafford to London, to an estimated 53 minutes.[18] Under current proposals it is expected that an hourly services will operate in both directions, however it is currently unclear if these services will terminate at Stafford, or Liverpool.

As well as this, under current plans, the HS2 depot will be north of Stafford in Yarnfield.

References[edit]

  • Lewis, Roy (1996). Staffordshire Railway Stations on old picture postcards (reprinted 2002). Nottingham: Reflections of a Bygone Age. ISBN 1-900138-05-0
  1. ^ Drake, James (1838). Drake’s Road Book of the Grand Junction Railway (1838). Moorland Reprints. ISBN 0903485257.
  2. ^ Webb 2017, p. 50.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Stafford station (1518610)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Stafford and Uttoxeter Railway (77367)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Village was on track for by-pass". Staff Newsletter. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Isabel - W.G. Bagnall No. 1491 - Amerton Railway". Amerton Railway. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Railway Accident at Stafford" (PDF). railwaysarchive.co.uk. Health and Safety Executive. 5 January 1994. p. 4. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  8. ^ Stephen, Paul (2 March 2016). "The crash that began Railtrack's demise". Rail Magazine. No. 795. Peterborough: Bauer Media. p. 48. ISSN 0953-4563.
  9. ^ Bridge, Mike (2013). Railway trac diagrams 4; Midlands and North West (3 ed.). Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. p. 12B. ISBN 978-0-9549866-7-4.
  10. ^ Webb 2017, p. 55.
  11. ^ Webb 2017, p. 56.
  12. ^ "A major improvement scheme at Stafford station is underway". Network Rail. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Work begins on £1million project to revamp Stafford train station". Staffordshire Newsletter. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  14. ^ "IN PICTURES: Stafford railway station to undergo £1million overhaul". Express & Star. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Stafford - Crewe rail enhancements".
  16. ^ "Second phase of railway upgrade between Stafford and Crewe gets underway". 20 January 2014.
  17. ^ Boyd-Hope, Gary (October 2015). "Time called on Stafford boxes No 4 and 5". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 161 no. 1, 375. Horncastle: Mortons Media Publishing. p. 91. ISSN 0033-8923.
  18. ^ "Stafford 'HS2 hub' set to slash journey times from Black Country to London". www.expressandstar.com. Retrieved 29 December 2017.

Sources[edit]

Webb, Jonathan (2017). "Focus on Stafford". Today's Railways UK. No. 185. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publishing. ISSN 1475-9713.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
CrossCountry
London Northwestern Railway
London - Crewe
London Northwestern Railway
Liverpool-Birmingham
London Northwestern Railway
Liverpool-Birmingham
Virgin Trains
London-Liverpool
Virgin Trains
London-Manchester/Crewe
Virgin Trains
London-Glasgow/North West
Nuneaton or
Rugby
  Virgin Trains
London-Blackpool
  Crewe
Transport for Wales
North Wales Coast Line
Disused railways
TerminusGreat Northern Railway
Stafford and Uttoxeter Railway
TerminusLondon and North Western Railway