Stagnicola fuscus

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Stagnicola fuscus
Stagnicola fuscus.jpg
Eight shells of Stagnicola fuscus, scale bar in mm and cm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Hygrophila
Superfamily: Lymnaeoidea
Family: Lymnaeidae
Subfamily: Lymnaeinae
Genus: Stagnicola
Species: S. fuscus
Binomial name
Stagnicola fuscus
(C. Pfeiffer, 1821)[2]

Limnaeus fuscus Pfeiffer, 1821
Lymnaea fuscus C. Pfeiffer, 1821
Stagnicola disjuncta Puton, 1847
Stagnicola leachiana Risso, 1826
Stagnicola truncata Buvignier, 1833
Stagnicola variabilis Millet, 1854
Stagnicola vogesiaca Puton, 1847

Stagnicola fuscus[1][3][4] is a species of freshwater snail, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Lymnaeidae, the pond snails.

Correa et al. (2010)[5] proposed that species of clade C2 (including Stagnicola fuscus) should all be called Lymnaea, according to the principle of priority of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN).[5] Then this species would be named Lymnaea fusca Pfeiffer, 1821.


The Lymnaea palustris aggregate species is recorded from western Europe to beyond the Arctic Circle and across Siberia. The full range of this segregate is incompletely known but is likely to be Eurosiberian Wide Temperate. This species is found in the Czech Republic (in Bohemia only),[6][3] Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, Croatia[7] and other areas.


The 10-25 × 6-12 mm shell is slender with the whorls often not very convex and nearly always with flat sutures. It is brown, irregularly striated (surface ornamented with strong spiral striae which cross-cut the radial growth striae - this can lead to the development of quadrate plates) and the apertural height is about 50% of the shell height. The umbilicus is closed.[4]


This snail lives in bodies of freshwater.


  1. ^ a b c Seddon M. B. (2011). "Stagnicola fuscus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2014.
  2. ^ Pfeiffer C. (1821). Naturgeschichte deutscher Land- und Süsswasser-Mollusken. Vol. 1 (1821): x + 135 pp., + 8 tables. Weimar. (Landes-Industrie-Comptoir).
  3. ^ a b (in Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  4. ^ a b Species summary for Stagnicola fuscus. Animalbase, accessed September 1, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Correa, A. C.; Escobar, J. S.; Durand, P.; Renaud, F. O.; David, P.; Jarne, P.; Pointier, J. P.; Hurtrez-Boussès, S. (2010). "Bridging gaps in the molecular phylogeny of the Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), vectors of Fascioliasis". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 10: 381. PMC 3013105Freely accessible. PMID 21143890. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-381. 
  6. ^ Beran L. (2002). "First record of Stagnicola fuscus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from the Czech Republic". Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 66: 1-2.
  7. ^ Beran L. (2009). "The first record of Anisus vorticulus (Troschel, 1834) (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Croatia?". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 70. PDF.

External links[edit]

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