|Studio album by|
|Released||10 February 1978|
|Recorded||October–November 1977, Chipping Norton Recording Studios, Oxfordshire and Utopia Studios, London (track 3)|
|Label||CBS, Inc. (UK)|
Columbia Records (US)
|Producer||Dennis Mackay, Judas Priest, James Guthrie (track 3)|
|Judas Priest chronology|
|Singles from Stained Class|
Stained Class is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Judas Priest, released in February 1978. It is the first of three albums to feature drummer Les Binks, as well as their first to feature their well-known logo. It gained notoriety for its dark lyrics and themes, as well as a 1990 civil action trial where the band were accused of backmasking that allegedly led to the suicide attempts of two teenagers. Stained Class was ranked as the greatest Judas Priest album on Stereogum.com, and was described by Steve Huey on Allmusic.com as "Judas Priest's greatest achievement".
Stained Class is the only Judas Priest album to feature songwriting by all five members of the band. It was at this point, however, where Glenn Tipton started to take what can be described as a preference over K. K. Downing as the main lead guitarist of the band. Downing's only standalone performances on Stained Class are "Savage" and the second solo on "Beyond the Realms of Death" and "Heroes End", with the rest of the album either featuring Tipton exclusively or duets between the two. Newly added drummer Les Binks earned a songwriting credit for "Beyond The Realms Of Death", and bassist Ian Hill received his only songwriting credit so far for co-writing "Invader" with Halford and Tipton.
The sleeve artwork, by Rosław Szaybo at CBS Records, introduced the now-classic Judas Priest logo, replacing the Gothic Script logo which appeared on all of the band's prior albums. Stained Class was the first Judas Priest album to dent the Billboard 200 chart and was eventually certified gold in the US.
Dennis MacKay was brought in by CBS Records to produce the album. His resume at the time consisted mainly of jazz fusion artists, plus David Bowie, Supertramp, and others. He set himself to the task of cleaning up the band’s unwieldy songwriting style and making their material shorter, tighter, and more direct. The recording sessions for Stained Class took place in October and November 1977 at Chipping Norton Recording Studios in Oxfordshire.
The album was the heaviest the band had released up to that point – with the lyrics often dark and violent – with only slight instances of progressive rock; hereafter, the progressive influences that characterised the band's first few albums would be completely eliminated so that Judas Priest completely embraced heavy metal as their sound.
"Better by You, Better than Me" was a last-minute addition to the album when CBS Records insisted on including another more commercial track to liven up a record with which a majority of the songs have a very dark and sinister undertone. It was recorded in a separate session with James Guthrie, as Dennis MacKay had moved on to other projects and was no longer available. The band was impressed with the production Guthrie did on "Better by You, Better than Me", as it stood out in comparison to the overly thin, flat sound that had plagued their albums up to this point, and they asked him to produce their next album, Killing Machine.
"Beyond The Realms Of Death" was the only song from Stained Class to become a live staple, with 681 performances, being played from 1978 through 1981, being revived on the Mercenaries Of Metal Tour and appearing on every tour afterwards, except the Firepower World Tour. Although the title track has been performed relatively often by Halford away from Priest, Judas Priest themselves have played it live only three times – twice during 1978 and once in 2005 – while after 1979 "Exciter" disappeared until 2002, also being played in 2005. "White Heat, Red Hot" was frequently performed between 1978 and 1980 but never since, "Saints In Hell" debuted on Firepower tour in 2018, and "Invader" and "Heroes' End" have never been played live. The notorious "Better By You, Better Than Me" was played live only seventeen times, mostly in 1978–1979 (with two performances in 1990) and the obscure "Savage" eight times in early 1978.
Stained Class was remastered in 2001, with two bonus tracks added.
==Controversy surrounding "Beyond the realms of death"
Twelve years after its release, Stained Class was the subject of the infamous 1990 civil action brought against the band by the family of a teenager, James Vance, who entered into a suicide pact with his friend Ray Belknap after allegedly listening to "Better by You, Better than Me" on 23 December 1985. Belknap succeeded in killing himself, and Vance was left critically injured after surviving a self-inflicted gunshot to the facial area, eventually dying of a methadone overdose three years later. The suit alleged that Judas Priest recorded subliminal messages on the song that said "do it". The suit was eventually dismissed. The song was originally written and performed by the band Spooky Tooth.
Three weeks after the lawsuit wrapped up, the band kicked off their Painkiller Tour by playing "Better by You, Better than Me" on the first concert in Burbank, California on 13 September. It constitutes Judas Priest's only live performance of the song since 1979.
Comedian Bill Hicks ridiculed the lawsuit as part of his act, pointing out (as many others have also done) the absurdity of the notion that a successful band would wish to kill off their purchasing fanbase.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
In 2005, Stained Class was ranked number 307 in Rock Hard magazine's book of The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time. In 2017, it was ranked 43rd in Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time". The album is widely considered to be highly influential in the speed metal and thrash metal genres. It has also been viewed as an early indication of the new wave of British heavy metal movement.
Although Stained Class was well received in the UK and nearly matched the sales of Sin After Sin, it barely scraped the Billboard 200 in the United States, a result attributed to American audiences, who were used to bands like Led Zeppelin, Queen, Aerosmith, and Kiss, having difficulty digesting Judas Priest’s dark music, which had little in the way of conventional rock themes. The band was also still comparatively unknown in the US at the time, being only on their second tour there. After the success of later albums in the US, however, Stained Class was eventually certified Gold.
|1.||"Exciter"||Rob Halford, Glenn Tipton||5:34|
|2.||"White Heat, Red Hot"||Tipton||4:20|
|3.||"Better by You, Better Than Me" (Spooky Tooth cover)||Gary Wright||3:24|
|4.||"Stained Class"||Halford, Tipton||5:19|
|5.||"Invader"||Halford, Tipton, Ian Hill||4:12|
|6.||"Saints in Hell"||Halford, K. K. Downing, Tipton||5:30|
|8.||"Beyond the Realms of Death"||Halford, Les Binks||6:53|
|2001 bonus tracks|
|10.||"Fire Burns Below" (Recorded during the 1988 Ram It Down sessions)||Halford, Tipton||6:58|
|11.||"Better by You, Better Than Me" (Live at Foundations Forum, Los Angeles, California; 13 September 1990)||Wright||3:40|
- Judas Priest
- Rob Halford – vocals
- K. K. Downing – guitars
- Glenn Tipton – guitars
- Ian Hill – bass
- Les Binks – drums
- Produced by Dennis MacKay and Judas Priest, and engineered by Neil Ross, except "Better By You, Better Than Me", produced by James Guthrie and Judas Priest, and engineered by Ken Thomas and Paul Northfield
- Art design by Rosław Szaybo
- Photography by Ronald Kass
|US Billboard 200||173|
Sales and certifications
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
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- [...], Rock Hard (Hrsg.). [Red.: Michael Rensen. Mitarb.: Götz Kühnemund] (2005). Best of Rock & Metal die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten. Königswinter: Heel. p. 89. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
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- Stained Class at the Judas Priest Info Pages site. Accessed July 10, 2005.