Stainfield

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Stainfield
St.Andrew's church, Stainfield, Lincs. - geograph.org.uk - 73409.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Stainfield
Stainfield is located in Lincolnshire
Stainfield
Stainfield
Stainfield shown within Lincolnshire
Population189 (2011)
OS grid referenceTF110731
• London120 mi (190 km) S
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMARKET RASEN
Postcode districtLN8
Dialling code01670
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°14′38″N 0°20′17″W / 53.243979°N 0.337983°W / 53.243979; -0.337983Coordinates: 53°14′38″N 0°20′17″W / 53.243979°N 0.337983°W / 53.243979; -0.337983

Stainfield is a village and civil parish about 10 miles (16 km) east of the city of Lincoln, in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 189.[1]

History[edit]

The name Stainfield derives from "a stony clearing", from the Old Norse 'steinn' and 'thveit'.[2]

In 1086 Stainfield was named as Stainfelde within the ancient wapentake of Wraggoe in the South Riding of Lindsey.[3]

St Andrews Church[edit]

The Grade II* listed red brick and limestone parish church is dedicated to Saint Andrew and dates from 1711, mostly rebuilt in the 19th century by James Fowler. The pews and pulpit are 18th-century. Inside are a helmet, gauntlets and sword said to have belonged to the Wild Man of Stainfield.[4]

The Wild Man of Stainfield[edit]

One of Lincolnshire's legends tells of a wild man who lived in the woods near Stainfield. The story appears in Folklore around Horncastle (1915) by Revd James Alpas Penny, who writes that in Stainfield church is the helmet of one of the Tyrwhitts of Stainfield, with the family crest of a wild man with a dagger. He recounts the legend that one Francis Tyrwhitt-Drake was promised all the land in Stainfield if he could kill the wild man who had terrorised the district. As he lay asleep, Drake ran the wild man through with his sword. A variation of this story, set in the 12th century, identifies the wild man as a Stainfield nobleman who had been away fighting in the Crusades for so long that when he returned he found he had been dispossessed. He went on to live in the woods, where he became so dangerous that Drake-Tyrwhitt was forced to kill him. It has been suggested that the story was put about to explain the relics in St Andrews belonging to the Tyrwhitt family, which included tattered cloth hanging from the wall reputed to be the wild man's clothing, and the dagger, gloves, and helmet said to belong to the man who killed him. In fact, the rags were the tattered remnants of the three banners embroidered by the ladies of the Tyrwhitt family, now in the care of the Archives Office in Lincoln.[5] According to another variation on the legend the wildman was killed by a band of farmers incensed that their livestock was being taken and their families terrorised. The farmers, who went on to be known as "The Hardy Gang", trapped and killed the wildman in a wood between Langton and Stainfield.[6]

Priory and Hall[edit]

Stainfield Hall with early-18th century gate pier

Stainfield Priory was a benedictine nunnery founded about 1154.[7] At the Dissolution of the Monasteries the site of Stainfield Priory was given to Sir Robert Tyrwhitt, who built Stainfield Hall on the site.[8] It was rebuilt in 1611 with later additions in the early-18th century and had formal gardens associated with it. After 1760 the house fell into disrepair and was mostly pulled down in 1773. The remaining south front was destroyed by fire in 1855.[8] The present building dates from 1856.[9]

School[edit]

Stainfield CE School opened as a National school in 1817 It became a junior and infant school in 1946, and closed 1971.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  2. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, p. 431, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
  3. ^ Open Domesday Online: Stainfield, Wraggoe Wapentake; accessed August 2018.
  4. ^ Historic England. "St Andrews, Stainfield (1359526)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  5. ^ Sean Mcneaney (February 2005). "The Wild Man of Stainfield" (PDF). Lincolnshire Life. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  6. ^ "The Wild Man of Stainfield". Miles Collins. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Stainfield Priory (351572)". PastScape. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  8. ^ a b Thomas Allen (1834). The history of the county of Lincoln,: from the earliest period to the present time. John Saunders, Jr. p. 64. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Stainfield Hall (1058727)". PastScape. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Stainfield CE School". Lincs to the Past. Lincolnshire Archives. Retrieved 22 July 2011.

External links[edit]