Stainforth, South Yorkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Stainforth, North Yorkshire.
Stainforth
Stainforth, South Yorkshire in 2003.jpg
The New Inn on the bank of the
Stainforth and Keadby Canal
Stainforth is located in South Yorkshire
Stainforth
Stainforth
 Stainforth shown within South Yorkshire
Population 6,282 (2011)
OS grid reference SE646115
Civil parish Stainforth
Metropolitan borough Doncaster
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DONCASTER
Postcode district DN7
Dialling code 01302
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Doncaster North
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°35′45″N 1°01′31″W / 53.5958°N 1.0253°W / 53.5958; -1.0253

Stainforth is a small town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, England. It is located roughly north-east of Doncaster, close to Hatfield and Thorne. It has a population of 6,342,[1] reducing slightly to 6,282 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Stainforth by night, from Hatfield Main. The towers of the former power station at Thorpe Marsh can be seen on the horizon

The place-name means 'stony ford' from Old English stanig 'stony' and ford 'ford'. Its name was recorded as Staneforde in 1428.

History[edit]

In 1348, Stainforth received a Royal Charter, entitling it to hold a weekly market on Fridays and an annual ten-day fair. The town briefly thrived as a commercial centre and port and attracted traders from as far afield as the Isle of Axholme, but the market soon slumped as Bawtry grew in importance.[3] In 1595 Edward Darcy received from four trustees acting for the previous owner the manor of Stainforth Underbargh and 20 dwelling houses with lands there.[4] He was Groom of the Chamber to Elizabeth I and was knighted eight years later.

Stainforth railway station opened on 7 July 1856 and closed on 1 October 1866. The town is now served by Hatfield and Stainforth railway station.

Speedway racing was staged at the greyhound stadium in the town in 1930. The original "professional" promotion failed and a few meetings organised by a riders' co-operative were staged at the venue.

More recently, Stainforth was a mining village, with the Hatfield Main Colliery at its centre. The colliery was open for around 80 years, from when it entered full production in 1921 up to it closing in August 2001. During the 1972 national strike, a miner from Hatfield Colliery, Freddie Matthews, was killed by a lorry whilst picketing during the strike, which led to a huge crowd at his funeral.[5]

The colliery began reopening in 2006 and resumed full production in January 2008. The colliery closed in June 2015 and the shafts were filled. As a result, the work that was due to begin on a new 900 MW coal-fired power station[6] and industrial estate, Hatfield Power Park is looking unlikely. The power station would have been linked by a 40-mile (60 km) pipeline to Barmston in the East Riding of Yorkshire from where CO2 would have been released into porous layers beneath an impermeable bed of the North Sea as part of a carbon capture and storage scheme.[7][8][9][10]

The colliery and the surrounding area have been used in a number of television series and films, most notably Dalziel and Pascoe and Brassed Off, and more recently Faith.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Doncaster". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire. 
  4. ^ Collins, Francis, ed. (1890). "Yorkshire Fines: 1595". Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]: part 4: 1594-1603. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Jones, David. "END OF AN ERA FOR NUM BRANCH". Doncaster Free Press. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  6. ^ http://www.powerfuel.plc.uk/id4.html
  7. ^ "Samsung backs £5bn Hatfield carbon-capture project". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "New public exhibitions for Yorkshire carbon dioxide pipe". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "Local residents to have their say on CCS project". National Grid. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Welcome to the website for the National Grid Yorkshire and Humber carbon capture, transportation and storage (CCS) project.". National Grid. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 

External links[edit]