Stainforth, South Yorkshire
The New Inn on the bank of the
Stainforth and Keadby Canal
|Stainforth shown within South Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Stainforth is a small town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, England. It is around 7 miles (11 km) north-east of Doncaster, close to Hatfield and Thorne. It has a population of 6,342, reducing slightly to 6,282 at the 2011 Census.
The place-name means 'stony ford' from Old English stanig 'stony' and ford 'ford'. Its name was recorded as 'Stenforde' in Domesday Book in 1086 and is later recorded as 'Staneforde' in 1428.
Stainforth was established in the Anglo Saxon period and is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086), as a small settlement of 7 households. In 1066 it was under Earl Harold, but after the Norman Conquest it was given by William the Conqueror to William of (de) Warenne. In 1348, Stainforth received a Royal Charter, entitling it to hold a weekly market on Fridays and an annual ten-day fair. The town briefly thrived as a commercial centre and port and attracted traders from as far afield as the Isle of Axholme, but the market soon slumped as Bawtry grew in importance. In 1595 Edward Darcy received from four trustees acting for the previous owner the manor of Stainforth Underbargh and 20 dwelling houses with lands there. He was Groom of the Chamber to Elizabeth I and was knighted eight years later.
George Porter (later Lord Porter of Luddenham), the Nobel prize winning chemist, was born in the town in 1920.
Speedway racing was staged at the greyhound stadium in the town in 1930. The original "professional" promotion failed and a few meetings organised by a riders' co-operative were staged at the venue.
More recently, Stainforth was a mining village, with the Hatfield Main Colliery at its centre. The colliery was open for around 80 years, from when it entered full production in 1921 up to it closing in August 2001. During the 1972 national strike, a miner from Hatfield Colliery, Freddie Matthews, was killed by a lorry whilst picketing during the strike, which led to a huge crowd at his funeral.
The colliery began reopening in 2006 and resumed full production in January 2008. The colliery closed in June 2015 and the shafts were filled. As a result, the work that was due to begin on a new 900 MW coal-fired power station and industrial estate, Hatfield Power Park is looking unlikely. The power station would have been linked by a 40-mile (60 km) pipeline to Barmston in the East Riding of Yorkshire from where CO2 would have been released into porous layers beneath an impermeable bed of the North Sea as part of a carbon capture and storage scheme.
- "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Doncaster". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire.
- Collins, Francis, ed. (1890). "Yorkshire Fines: 1595". Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]: part 4: 1594-1603. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Jones, David. "END OF AN ERA FOR NUM BRANCH". Doncaster Free Press. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Samsung backs £5bn Hatfield carbon-capture project". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "New public exhibitions for Yorkshire carbon dioxide pipe". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "Local residents to have their say on CCS project". National Grid. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "Welcome to the website for the National Grid Yorkshire and Humber carbon capture, transportation and storage (CCS) project.". National Grid. Retrieved 19 June 2012.