Stakhanov (Ukrainian: Стаханов), also known as Kadiivka (Ukrainian: Кадіївка, romanized: Kadiivka), Kadiyevka (Russian: Кадиевка, romanized: Kadiyevka) and Kadiyivka, is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of eastern Ukraine. The city is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 73,702 (2021 est.).
Before 1937 the city was known as Kadiivka. From 1937 to 1940 the city was named Sergo (Ukrainian: Серго, romanized: Serho) in honor of Sergo Ordzhonikidze, and then from 1940 to 1978 the city was again known as Kadiivka.
Since 2014 the city is captured by Russian-backed militia troops as a part of self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic (LPR). Whereas Ukraine doesn't control the territory of LPR, it is internationally recognized as a part of Ukraine by all member states of the United Nations.
A local newspaper has been published in the city since September 1930.
During the Second World War, the city was occupied by German troops from July 1942 until September 1943. A Soviet labor camp for German prisoners of war operated at Kadievka during the Second World War.
In 1991, the population was 112,700 people.
In 2013, the population was 77,593 people.
According to reports on September 16, 2014, the city, which had been occupied by Luhansk People's Republic-affiliated Don Cossacks, seceded from the LPR on 14 September. It was said Don Cossacks there proclaimed the Republic of Stakhanov, and that a "Cossack government" now ruled in Stakhanov. However the following day this was claimed to be a fabrication, and an unnamed Don Cossack leader stated the September 14 meeting had, in fact, resulted in 12,000 Cossacks volunteering to join the LPR forces.
The city formerly had electric city transport in the form of both trams and trolleybuses. Tram traffic opened in February 15, 1937 and trolleybus traffic opened in March 1, 1970. Tram traffic closed in November 11, 2007 and trolleybus traffic closed on August 31, 2011 while it is elsewhere reported that it was suspended on September 11, 2008, with its newer LAZ trolleybuses bought by Antratsyt. As the years went on, the number of trams dwindled from 38 in 1973 to 4 in 2007, of which only 2 would run.
- Ukrainians: 46.1%
- Russians: 50.1%
- Belarusians: 1%
- Other: 2.9%
The Municipality of Stakhanov also includes two other cities:
Notable people that were born or lived in Stakhanov include:
- Grisha Filipov (1919–1994), Bulgarian politician
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