Stakhanov, Ukraine

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Stakhanov
Стаханов
City of regional significance
Flag of Stakhanov
Flag
Coat of arms of Stakhanov
Coat of arms
Stakhanov is located in Lugansk Oblast
Stakhanov
Stakhanov
Coordinates: 48°34′05″N 38°39′31″E / 48.56806°N 38.65861°E / 48.56806; 38.65861Coordinates: 48°34′05″N 38°39′31″E / 48.56806°N 38.65861°E / 48.56806; 38.65861
Country Ukraine
Province Luhansk Oblast
Population [1]
 • Total 122,300
Climate Dfb
The Mir Cinema in Kadiyivka.

Stakhanov (Ukrainian: Стаханов; Russian: Стаханов) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of eastern Ukraine. The city is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Population: 77,593 (2013 est.).[2]

Name[edit]

Before 1937 the city was known as Kadievka (Russian: Кадиевка) or Ukrainian Kadiyivka (Ukrainian: Кадіївка). From 1937 to 1940 the city was named Sergo (Ukrainian: Серго), and then from 1940 to 1978 the city was again known as Kadievka or Kadiyivka. From 1978 to 2016 the city was named after the famous Soviet miner Alexey Stakhanov, who started his career there. On May 12, 2016 Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada restored the name Kadiyivka.[3][4]

History[edit]

A labor camp for German prisoners of war was established at Kadiyivka during the Second World War.

The city's economy depends on a railway car building works, ferroalloy plant and coal mines.

Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[5][6] they took over Stakhanov on 2 May 2014.[7][8] On 22 July 2014 a rally was held that demanded that the pro-Russian separatists should leave the town.[9][dubious ]

According to reports on September 16 2014, the city, which had been occupied by Lugansk People's Republic-affiliated Don Cossacks, seceded from the LPR on 14 September.[10] It was said Don Cossacks there proclaimed the Republic of Stakhanov, and that a "Cossack government" now ruled in Stakhanov.[11][10] However the following day this was claimed to be a fabrication, and an unnamed Don Cossack leader stated the September 14 meeting had, in fact, resulted in 12,000 Cossacks volunteering to join the LPR forces.[12]

In October 2015, the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine opened a Forward Patrol Base in the city, meaning that a small number of international monitors are permanently based here.[13]

Demographics[edit]

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[14]

Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians: 46.1%
  • Russians: 50.1%
  • Belarusians: 1%
  • Other: 2.9%
Language

City municipality[edit]

The Municipality of Kadiyivka also includes two other cities:

Notable people[edit]

Notable people that were born or lived in Kadiyivka include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України
  4. ^ UNIAN
  5. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (2014-04-16). "Putin Is Accidentally Helping Unite Eastern and Western Ukraine". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  6. ^ "TASS: World - Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service". En.itar-tass.com. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  7. ^ Анастасия Баранова (2014-05-02). "In Stakhanov the armed extremists occupied premises of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies, requirements yet don't put forward". News.pn. 46.975033;31.994583. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  8. ^ Анастасия Баранова (2014-05-01). "In Stakhanov deputies of the City Council broke attempt of the mayor and separatists to appoint a referendum". News.pn. 46.975033;31.994583. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  9. ^ Роман Свиридов (2014-07-23). "In Stakhanov locals demanded from terrorists immediately to leave the city". News.pn. 46.975033;31.994583. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  10. ^ a b "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 16 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 15 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 18 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  13. ^ OSCE SMM Status Report as of 21 October 2015, Report by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, 21 October 2015, retrieved 26 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". Ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2016-04-07.