Stalybridge by-election, 1905

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The Stalybridge by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Vacancy[edit]

The by-election was caused by the succession of the sitting Conservative MP, Matthew White Ridley to his father's viscountcy on 28 November 1904. Ridley had been MP for Stalybridge since the 1900 general election.

Electoral history[edit]

The seat had been Conservative since they gained it in 1885. They held the seat at the last election, with a reduced majority, the smallest majority since before they gained it;

General Election 1900: Stalybridge[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Baron Wensleydale, Matthew White Ridley 3,321 50.6 -4.5
Liberal John Frederick Cheetham 3,241 49.4 +4.5
Majority 80 1.2 -9.0
Turnout 88.0 -0.1
Conservative hold Swing -4.5

Candidates[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Although the vacancy was known on 28 November 1904 Polling Day was fixed for 7 January 1905.

Result[edit]

The Liberals gained the seat from the Conservatives;

John Cheetham
Stalybridge by-election, 1905[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Frederick Cheetham 4,029 56.7 +7.3
Conservative James Travis Travis-Clegg 3,078 43.3 -7.3
Majority 951 13.4 14.6
Turnout 7,601 93.5 +5.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.3

Aftermath[edit]

At the following General Election Cheetham and Travis-Clegg faced each other again. The Liberal held onto he seat with a reduced majority;

General Election 1906: Stalybridge[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Frederick Cheetham 3,836 53.1 -3.6
Conservative James Travis Travis-Clegg 3,382 46.9 +3.6
Majority 454 6.2 -7.2
Turnout 93.8
Liberal hold Swing -3.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ ‘TRAVIS-CLEGG, Sir James Travis’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2015; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 8 April 2015
  3. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 249. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  4. ^ Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, page 89
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig