Stamford Brook tube station

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Stamford Brook London Underground
StamfordBrook.jpg
Stamford Brook is located in Greater London
Stamford Brook
Stamford Brook
Location of Stamford Brook in Greater London
Location Chiswick
Local authority London Borough of Hounslow
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 3 (2 active, 1 inactive)
Fare zone 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 2.66 million[1]
2014 Increase 2.67 million[1]
2015 Increase 2.70 million[1]
2016 Increase 2.70 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company London and South Western Railway
Key dates
1 January 1869 Line opened
1 February 1912 Station opened
3 June 1916 L&SWR service ceased
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°29′42″N 0°14′45″W / 51.49500°N 0.24583°W / 51.49500; -0.24583Coordinates: 51°29′42″N 0°14′45″W / 51.49500°N 0.24583°W / 51.49500; -0.24583
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Stamford Brook is a London Underground station on the eastern edge of Chiswick in west London. The station is served by the District line and is between Ravenscourt Park and Turnham Green stations. The main entrance is located on Goldhawk Road (A402) with a secondary entrance on Prebend Gardens. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. The station takes its name from Stamford Brook, a tributary of the River Thames that is now predominantly underground.

History[edit]

The line through Stamford Brook station was opened on 1 January 1869 by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) on a new branch line to Richmond from the West London Joint Railway starting north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia)). The line ran through Shepherd's Bush and Hammersmith via a now closed curve. Initially there were no stations between Grove Road station in Hammersmith (also now closed) and Turnham Green.

From its opening, a number of services operated over the route to Richmond in addition to the L&SWR including:

By 1 February 1912 when the station opened, only L&SWR and the DR still operated on the line and on 3 June 1916 the L&SWR withdrew its own service leaving the District Railway as the sole operator.

In the early 1930s, the London Electric Railway, precursor of the London Underground and owner of the District and Piccadilly lines, began the reconstruction of the tracks between Hammersmith and Acton Town to enable the Piccadilly line to be extended from Hammersmith to Uxbridge and Hounslow West (then the terminus of what is now the Heathrow branch). Express non-stop tracks were provided for the Piccadilly line between the stopping lines of the District line. Services on the Piccadilly line began running through Stamford Brook on 4 July 1932.

Originally, the station had an island platform with District line trains serving one side in each direction. However, with the introduction of the Piccadilly line tracks, the eastbound District line track became the westbound Piccadilly line track and a new platform was built for the eastbound District line. This is why there is one island platform and one side platform serving three tracks; the eastbound Piccadilly line track is the only track that is unable to serve the station.

On 5 January 1964 an automatic ticket barrier was installed at the station at a cost of around £1000. It was the first such barrier to be installed anywhere on the London Underground. The ticket-checking device itself was simplistic, optically scanning a printed ternary code on each ticket to check for validity,[2] and had a theoretical maximum throughput of 30 tickets per minute.[3] Nonetheless, the device was seen as a large improvement over manned barriers with staff checking tickets, and the experiment was expanded to other local stations Chiswick Park and Ravenscourt Park.[2]

Gallery[edit]

Connections[edit]

London Buses route 237 serves the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Horne, M. A. C. (2018-05-13). "Automatic fare collection on the London Underground" (PDF): pp 7,8. 
  3. ^ "Electronic "eye" at the ticket barrier". New Scientist (374). Reed Business Information. 16 Jan 1964. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
District line
  Former services  
Turnham Green
towards Richmond
  London and South Western Railway
(1869-1916)
  Ravenscourt Park
towards West Brompton
  Abandoned Plans  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Richmond
Central line
(1920)