A stan is an avid fan and supporter of a celebrity, franchise, or group, often a rock/pop musician. The object of the stan's affection is often called their fave. Based on the song "Stan" by American rapper Eminem, the term has frequently been used to describe artist devotees whose fanaticism matches the severity of the obsessive character named Stan in the 2000 Eminem song. The word has been described as a portmanteau of "stalker" and "fan". The word 'stan' will often be used with the word 'fandom', which refers to a group of stans as a whole.
David Russell, an artist manager at IE Music compared stan culture to the affiliations between fans of sports teams. Twitter users have come to include the word in hashtag trends, such as "Is it sad I've been thinking about Beyoncé almost all day at work? #stanproblems". A website known as "Stan Wars" or "stanipedia" sprouted up to host discussions and flame wars between rival fanbases. In a response to stan culture, David Monger, an amateur cartoonist developed a web series on YouTube titled The Nekci Menij Show. The show strives to satirize public perceptions of female pop stars, simultaneously parodying it.[unreliable source?] The series features numerous pop stars including Christina Aguilera, Nicki Minaj, Madonna, Katy Perry, Beyoncé, Britney Spears, Kesha, Lady Gaga, Mariah Carey and Adele. The series employs an artistic style reminiscent of the Dolan Duck Internet meme.
Colloquially, the umbrella term "stan" can be used as both a noun or a verb. Stans of some artists have their own designation, such as Lovatics for fans of Demi Lovato, Swifties for fans of Taylor Swift, Little Monsters for fans of Lady Gaga,[unreliable source?] Harmonizers for fans of Fifth Harmony, Directioners for those of One Direction, Smilers for fans of Miley Cyrus, the Skeleton Clique for Twenty One Pilots,  Britney Army for fans of Britney Spears, "Aliens" for fans of Tokio Hotel, Katycats for fans of Katy Perry, Rihanna Navy for fans of Rihanna, Lambs for fans of Mariah Carey, "Kellebrities" for fans of Kelly Clarkson, Little Black Stars for fans of Avril Lavigne, Beliebers for fans of Justin Bieber, Arianators for fans of Ariana Grande, Fighters for fans of Christina Aguilera, and BeyHive for fans of Beyoncé.
Some of these monikers are almost universally known and used by fans of the artists as well as outsiders. Other nicknames are not commonly used, neither by outsiders nor by the concerning fan-base, such as Kylie Minogue's so called "Kylie Stans". Usually appearing on social media networks such as Twitter and Tumblr, the phenomenon also appear in K-Pop circles offline. In one instance, K-pop singer Yunho, of duo TVXQ, was poisoned when his stans snuck backstage before one of his concerts. Yunho was hospitalized and the perpetrator was arrested. The term sasaeng fan in Korean is believed to be influenced by "stan" culture. Etymologically, it translates to "Sa", meaning private and "saeng" meaning life, in reference to fans' all-encompassing obsessions with their preferred artists.
Celebrities have positively reacted to their "stan" followings. Notably, English singer-songwriter Jessie J had this to say about her stans, "They're amazing, and they're the only reason I'm here at the VMAs and people know who I am," she said. "They support me and buy my albums and singles, and they stand outside hotels, and they come to shows, and they get tattoos of my lyrics and they cut their hair like me. You have to love your fans. That's why I call them my Heartbeats, because without them I wouldn't be here." In 2012, a stan for Jessie J broke his leg to emulate her own leg injury. The fan tracked down Jessie J's personal address and sent her a photograph of the self-inflicted injury. The singer was horrified and decided to increase her security.
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