||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
Stan Ridgway in 2010
April 5, 1954 |
|Genres||New wave, Western music, electronic, industrial rock, film score|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica.|
|Labels||Restless Records, I.R.S. Records, Geffen Records, Birdcage Records, New West Records|
|Associated acts||Wall of Voodoo, Drywall, Hecate's Angels, Stewart Copeland|
Stanard "Stan" Ridgway (born April 5, 1954) is an American multi-instrumentalist singer-songwriter and film and television composer known for his distinctive voice, dramatic lyrical narratives, and eclectic solo albums. He was the original lead singer of the band Wall of Voodoo.
Wall of Voodoo
The band was named Wall of Voodoo by Ridgway before their first gig, in reference to a comment made by a friend of Ridgway's while recording and overdubbing a Kalamazoo Rhythm Ace drum machine. While listening to some of the music that created in the studio, Ridgway jokingly compared the multiple-drum-machine- and Farfisa-organ-laden recordings to Phil Spector's Wall of Sound, whereupon the friend commented it sounded more like a "wall of voodoo" and the name stuck.
Ridgway's WoV music could fairly be described as a cross between early synthesizer pop and Ennio Morricone's soundtracks for Italian director Sergio Leone's epic western films of the 1960s. Adding to the music's distinctiveness was percussive and textural experimentation, i.e. mixing drum machines with unconventional instruments such as pots, pans and various kitchen utensils, raw electronics with interlocking melodic figures as well as twangy spaghetti-western guitar. On top of the mix was Ridgway's unusual vocal style and highly stylized, cinematic narratives heavily influenced by science fiction and film noir, sung from the perspective of ordinary folks and characters wrestling with ironies inside the American Dream.
Ridgway embarked on a solo career in 1983, shortly after Wall of Voodoo's appearance and break up at the US Festival that same year. After collaborating on the song, "Don't Box Me In" with Stewart Copeland from The Police for the soundtrack to Francis Ford Coppola's Rumble Fish starring Mickey Rourke, Matt Dillon and Dennis Hopper, he released his first proper solo album, The Big Heat (1986), which included the top 5 European (and UK) hit "Camouflage". This was followed by numerous other solo recordings: Mosquitos (1989), Partyball (1991), Black Diamond (1995), and Anatomy (1999), The Way I Feel Today (1998), a collection of big band standards, and Holiday in Dirt (2002), a compilation of outtakes and previously unreleased songs. Ridgway's album Snakebite: Blacktop Ballads and Fugitive Songs (2005), features the narrative song, "Talkin' Wall Of Voodoo Blues Pt. 1", a history of his former band in song.
Since the early days of Wall of Voodoo, Ridgway has been interested in making music for the cinema. A list of films for which Ridgway has written scores and/or original songs is included below. Ridgway's album Holiday in Dirt was a quasi-cinematic project, with the release of the album accompanied by a showing of 14 short films by various independent filmmakers, each film a visual interpretation of one of the songs on the album. A compilation DVD of the films was released in February 2005.
In 1994, Ridgway began work on a new project in the form of a trio called Drywall, the other members of the trio being Ridgway's wife, keyboardist/vocalist Pietra Wexstun of the band Hecate's Angels (who had previously worked with Ridgway on Mosquitos and Partyball), and former Rain Parade drummer Ivan Knight. In 1995, Drywall released its first album (first of a "trilogy of apocalyptic documents"), titled Work the Dumb Oracle. A short film directed by Carlos Grasso titled The Drywall Incident was released the same year. An extended, instrumental soundtrack album for The Drywall Incident was released in 1996.
Ridgway and Wexstun also collaborated and forayed into new musical territory, composing a suite of mostly instrumental and orchestral pieces to accompany an exhibition of postmodern surrealist artist Mark Ryden's paintings after being introduced by a mutual friend, Sean P. Riley, who toured with Wall Of Voodoo on their 1982 "Call of the West – Tour of Virtue" as the band's merchandiser. The album was released on CD in 2003 as Blood – Miniature Paintings of Sorrow and Fear in a unique 3-panel packaging design by the artist which quickly sold out of its limited pressing of 7,500. Ridgway plays banjo and harmonica in Wexstun's group Hecate's Angels.
Stan Ridgway and Drywall regrouped in 2006 to release the album Barbeque Babylon, the third "apocalyptic document" with the single "The AARP Is After Me". The new Drywall lineup features Rick King on guitars and bass and Bruce Zelesnik on drums and percussion. In 2008 Ridgway and Wexstun released "Silly Songs For Kids Vol. 1", a collection of children's songs that feature the duo and also saxophonist and woodwind player Ralph Carney.
Ridgway has also contributed to albums and projects by producer Hal Willner, Frank Black and the Catholics, The Flesh Eaters, The Divine Horsemen, The Ray Campi Quartet, The Fibonaccis, and Roger McGuinn.
- Rumble Fish (1983), directed by Francis Ford Coppola (end title song "Don't Box Me In," with Stewart Copeland)
- Terminus (1986), directed by Pierre-William Glenn (title song)
- Slam Dance (1987), directed by Wayne Wang (song "Bing Can't Walk")
- Pump Up the Volume (1990), directed by Allan Moyle (song, "Talk Hard")
- Future Kick (1991), directed by Damian Klaus (score)
- Floundering (1994), directed by Peter McCarthy (title song & "My Drug Buddy" (later renamed "Amnesia" when released on Holiday In Dirt))
- Box of Moonlight (1996), directed by Tom DiCillo (writer: "Mexican Radio" - as Stanard R. Funsten)
- Melting Pot (1997), directed by Tom Musca (score)
- Death Smokes a Big Cigar (1997), directed by Franco Riccardi (score)
- Error In Judgment (1998), directed by Scott Levy (score)
- Desperate But Not Serious (1999), directed by Bill Fishman (score)
- Speedway Junky (1999), directed by Nick Perry (score)
- The Keening (1999), directed by Alex & Andrew Smith (score)
- Simpatico (1999), directed by Matthew Warchus (end title song)
- $pent (2000), directed by Gil Cates Jr. (score)
- Vengeance (2001), directed by Brian Belefant (songs)
- Desert Saints (2002), directed by Richard Greenberg (song)
- Wall of Voodoo
- Pete McRae
- Hal Willner
- Frank Black and the Catholics
- The Flesh Eaters
- The Divine Horsemen
- The Fibonaccis
- Roger McGuinn
- Stuck In The 80's – Stan Ridgway Interview 2006
- 4ZZZfm Brisbane – Stan Ridgway Interviews 1996, 1997 and 2002
- Official Stan Ridgway Site
- Essays and Reviews on Stan Ridgway, by Prof. Sam Umland
- Stan Ridgway Profile
- Complete Discography
- "Beyond Tomorrow" fan site
- Trouser Press entry
- Stan Ridgway at the Internet Movie Database
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