Stand Up (Jethro Tull album)

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Stand Up
JethroTull-albums-standup.jpg
Cover art by James Grashow
Studio album by Jethro Tull
Released 1 August 1969 (UK)
October 1969 (US)
Recorded April–May 1969 at Morgan Studios, London, also Olympic Studios on 24 April 1969
Genre Hard rock, folk rock, blues rock
Length 37:48
Label Island (Europe)
Reprise (US and Oceania)
Producer Terry Ellis and Ian Anderson
Jethro Tull chronology
This Was
(1968)
Stand Up
(1969)
Benefit
(1970)
Singles from Stand Up
  1. "Sweet Dream (UK and Europe)"
    Released: October 1969
  2. "Bourée"
    Released: October 1969 (Europe only)

Stand Up is the second studio album by the British rock band Jethro Tull, released in 1969. Before recordings for the album began, the band's original guitarist Mick Abrahams resigned because of musical differences with Ian Anderson; Abrahams wanted to stay with the blues rock sound of their debut, This Was, while Anderson wished to add other musical influences such as folk rock. He was replaced by guitarist Martin Barre, who appeared on every Jethro Tull album from this point on.[1]

Stand Up represents the first album project on which Anderson was in full control of the music and lyrics. The result was an eclectic album with various styles appearing in its songs, yet an album which remained somewhat in the blues rock mould, which would be the last such album from Jethro Tull.

The album quickly went to number 1 in the UK charts, while the non-album single "Sweet Dream" rose to number 7.[2]

Recording[edit]

The band began recording the album on 17 April 1969, starting with "A New Day Yesterday", "Back to the Family", "Fat Man", "Jeffrey Goes to Leicester Square" (referring to singer Ian Anderson's schoolmate Jeffrey Hammond), "Nothing Is Easy" and "Bourée". Most of the songs were recorded at Morgan Studios in north London, but "Bourée" was recorded at Olympic Studios in south London because Morgan Studios was already booked for 24 April.[3] The general routine was that the band would arrive at the studio at 9 am to work on one or two songs which would be finished by 4 or 5 pm.[3] Recording engineer Andy Johns tried some new techniques; for example on "A New Day Yesterday" he achieved a swirling, stereo-shifting guitar effect by swinging an expensive Neumann U67 microphone on its cable in wide circles around the studio.[4] The song "Bourée" proved the most difficult session, with Anderson and the band unsatisfied with any of the takes they recorded. The final version was compiled later from several takes, with more touches added by Anderson.[5][6] Two more songs were recorded on 1 May 1969: "For a Thousand Mothers" and "We Used to Know".[7]

Album cover[edit]

The design of the album cover started with a visit to New Haven, Connecticut during a concert tour in late February 1969. Under the direction of producer Terry Ellis, the band met a woodcarver named James Grashow who followed them for a week in order to properly represent them in wood.[3] The resulting gatefold album cover, in a woodcut style designed by Grashow, originally opened up like a children's pop-up book so that a cut-out of the band's personnel stood up, evoking the album's title. Stand Up won New Musical Express's award for best album artwork in 1969.

Musical style[edit]

The album still shows a great blues influence, as in the first track "New Day Yesterday". The song "Fat Man" shows an interest in unusual instrumentation, as Ian Anderson plays mandolin, one of the first times the instrument had been used by a rock band. The acoustic pieces, like "Reasons for Waiting", already show Anderson under the influence of Roy Harper. The instrumental "Bourée" (one of Jethro Tull's popular concert pieces) is a jazzy re-working of "Bourrée in E minor" by Johann Sebastian Bach.[1]

Ian Anderson has said that the chord progression in "We Used to Know" was picked up subconsciously by Eagles when they toured together in 1971 or 1972 and used in their song "Hotel California".[8] However Don Felder, who wrote the music for "Hotel California", did not join Eagles until 1974.

Themes[edit]

Although not a concept album, Stand Up lyrically is filled with references to Anderson's relationship with his parents (a subject continued on Benefit), especially in "Back to the Family" and "For a Thousand Mothers". Observational poetry could also be found, as in "Fat Man" and "Jeffrey Goes to Leicester Square". The difficult life before the band's success were described in "We Used to Know" – remembering the hard life Anderson and bassist Glenn Cornick had at the beginning of the group.[9]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3.5/5 stars[10]
Robert Christgau B−[11]
PopMatters 8/10 stars[12]
Record Collector 4/5 stars[13]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[14]

Stand Up received mixed reviews upon its release, but more recent evaluations praised the album as a whole, for the production and musicianship.

The 1969 Rolling Stone review was quite positive, stating that the album "has a fairly low raunch quotient, true to form, but it is quite marvelous" and also that "the album is not really funky; rather, it is a meticulously crafted work (no sterility implied) which deserves careful listening. At a time when many of the established stars are faltering, it is a particular pleasure to hear an important new voice."[14] The contemporary Disc and Music Echo review was less favourable; it considered the expensive cover the "most impressive" part of the album and Jethro Tull a good live band but still incapable of producing a "musically interesting" release.[15] American critic Robert Christgau reiterated his dislike of the band, but judged the album "adequate".[11]

A retrospective AllMusic review was positive, saying that the band had "solidified their sound" with the album, bringing an "English folk music" influence to several of the songs, atop an overall blues rock foundation.[10] Sean Murphy of PopMatters more emphatically wrote that Stand Up was a "meaningful document from what turned out to be a very transitional moment in rock history... a document created in a rapidly closing artistic window, pre-prog but post-British blues and psychedelic rock." He praised the musicianship of the players and remarked the first examples of "the first-rate lyricist Anderson would quickly become."[12] The Record Collector review highlights how "the album captured the band on a vertiginous upswing, jubilant with confidence following the drafting in of guitarist Martin Barre" and contained "a fresh batch of diverse but uniformly strong compositions".[13]

Legacy[edit]

A variety of rock artists have cited Stand Up as an all-time favorite album over the years, including Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder,[16] Aerosmith's Tom Hamilton,[17] Joe Bonamassa,[16] and Joe Satriani.[18]

During an interview with BraveWords in 2015, Anderson selected Stand Up as his favorite Tull album: "I suppose if you were to really twist my arm, I would probably go back to 1969, with the Stand Up album, because that was my first album of first really original music. It has a special place in my heart."[16]

Releases[edit]

The album was reissued in 1973 by Chrysalis Records.

In 1989 a MFSL remaster was released, with catalogue number UDCD 524. The booklet featured the pop-up woodcut band.

Again the album was reissued in 2001 as a digital remaster.

It was reissued on 5 October 2010 as a deluxe edition, including six bonus tracks on disc one, and two additional discs: a disc of live material recorded at Carnegie Hall on 4 November 1970, and a disc with a DTS surround mix. The material was mixed by Peter Mew at the Abbey Road studios.[19]

Track listings[edit]

All songs written by Ian Anderson, unless otherwise indicated. (Original LP album states "All titles written by Ian Anderson").

1969 Original release[edit]

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "A New Day Yesterday"   4:10
2. "Jeffrey Goes to Leicester Square"   2:12
3. "Bourée" (Instrumental; J. S. Bach, arr. by Anderson) 3:46
4. "Back to the Family"   3:48
5. "Look into the Sun"   4:20
Side two
No. Title Length
6. "Nothing Is Easy"   4:25
7. "Fat Man"   2:52
8. "We Used to Know"   4:00
9. "Reasons for Waiting"   4:05
10. "For a Thousand Mothers"   4:13
  • 1973 cassette version has same track order, but on opposite sides.[20]

2010 3 Disc Collectors Edition[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Jethro Tull
Production

Charts[edit]

The album reached No. 1 on the British charts, also selling well in the United States, where it reached No. 20. In the Norwegian charts (where the band toured along with Jimi Hendrix), the album was the first to chart there, at No. 5.

Certifications[edit]

Country Organization Year Sales
USA RIAA 1972 Gold (+ 500,000)[31]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stand Up". Jethro Tull Official Website. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Jethro Tull Official Charts". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Rabey 2013, p. 52.
  4. ^ Nollen 2001, p. 44
  5. ^ Nollen 2001, p. 48.
  6. ^ Rabey 2013, pp. 52–3.
  7. ^ Rabey 2013, p. 53.
  8. ^ Wiser, Carl. "Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Breznikar, Klemen (13 December 2011). "It's Psychedelic Baby Magazine: Glenn Cornick interview about Jethro Tull, Wild Turkey". Psychedelicbaby.blogspot.com.br. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Eder, Bruce. "Jethro Tull - Stand Up review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Consumer Guide Reviews:: Jethro Tull - Stand Up". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Murphy, Sean (2 December 2010). "Jethro Tull - Stand Up (Expanded Collector's Edition)". PopMatters. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Rossi, Marco (December 2010). "Jethro Tull - Stand Up: Collector's Edition". Record Collector (383). Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Gerson, Ben (13 December 1969). "Stand Up - Jethro Tull". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Don't Judge Jethro By The Cover!". Disc and Music Echo. Tullpress.com. 2 August 1969. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c Prato, Greg. "Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson Discusses Shea Stadium Concert Mishap - "I Was Soaked In Urine As I Walked Out To Play For The Audience…"". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  17. ^ Prato, Greg (28 June 2015). "Toys in the Attic Turns 40". Long Island Pulse.com. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  18. ^ Chrisley, Neil (5 June 2013). "Joe Satriani on His Five Essential Albums". Gibson.com. Gibson Guitar Corporation. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  19. ^ Stand Up – 3 Disc Collectors Edition in Pop-up Sleeve (CD Sleeve). Jethro Tull. London, UK: Chrysalis Records CHRX 1042. 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  20. ^ Stand Up (Audio Cassette Sleeve). Jethro Tull. London, UK: Chrysalis Records CCH 1042. 1973. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Jethro Tull – Stand Up". Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  22. ^ http://danskehitlister.dk/?song_id=6291
  23. ^ "Album – Jethro Tull, Stand Up". Charts.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "Jethro Tull – Stand Up (Album)". Norwegiancharts.com. Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  25. ^ "Stand Up Billboard Albums". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 12, No. 14, November 22, 1969". Library and Archives Canada. 22 November 1969. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "Jethro Tull – Stand Up (Album)". Italiancharts.com. Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  28. ^ "Jethro Tull – Sweet Dream". Austriancharts.at (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  29. ^ a b "Suchen – insert Jethro Tull". Charts.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  30. ^ "Jethro Tull – Bourée". Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Media Control Charts. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  31. ^ "RIAA Gold & Platinum Database: search for Jethro Tull". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
According to My Heart by Jim Reeves
UK Albums Chart number-one album
9 August 1969 – 30 August 1969
Succeeded by
From Elvis in Memphis
by Elvis Presley
Preceded by
From Elvis in Memphis
by Elvis Presley
UK Albums Chart number-one album
6 September 1969 – 20 September 1969
Succeeded by
Blind Faith by Blind Faith