Standard E-1

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Standard E-1
Standard E-1 USAAC Virginia Avn Msm 21.04.04R edited-2.jpg
Standard E-1 of 1919 displayed in the Virginia Aviation Museum at Richmond, Virginia in

USAAS markings

Role Military trainer
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Standard Aircraft Corporation
First flight 1917
Primary user United States Army Air Service
Number built 168

The Standard E-1 was an early American Army fighter aircraft, tested in 1917.[1] It was the only pursuit aircraft manufactured by the United States during World War I.[2] It arrived late in World War I, and as a result saw more use in the months following the Armistice than those preceding it.[3]

Design and development[edit]

Built by the Standard Aircraft Corporation, the E-1 was an open-cockpit single-place tractor biplane, powered by an 80 hp (60 kW) Le Rhône or 100 hp (75 kW) Gnome rotary engine.[4]

Operational history[edit]

It proved unsuitable as a fighter, but 128 were bought as an advanced trainer.[5] Of these, 30 were powered by the Gnome rotary engine of 100 horsepower and 98 were powered by the LeRhone C-9 rotary engine of 80 horsepower.[3] After World War I, three were modified as RPVs.


Operators[edit]

 United States

Survivors[edit]

Specifications[edit]

1918 photo of Standard E-1 serial number 33769
1918 photo of Standard E-1 serial number 33769
1918 photo of Standard E-1 serial number 33769


Data from The American Fighter[7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 18 ft 11 in (5.76 m)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.31 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 10 in (2.38 m)
  • Wing area: 153 ft2 (14.21 m2)
  • Empty weight: 380 lb (838 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,140 lb (519 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 14,800 ft (4,510 m)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Taylor 1989, p. 839.
  2. ^ a b "Historical Aircraft." Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine Virginia Aviation Museum. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  3. ^ a b c United States Air Force Museum 1975, p. 11.
  4. ^ a b "Standard E-1." Fantasy of Flight. Retrieved: 26 March 2012.
  5. ^ Donald 1997, p. 854.
  6. ^ P. B. Sullivan 1976, P. 2-3.
  7. ^ Angelicci and Bowers 1987, p. 416.
Bibliography
  • Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Angelucci, Enzo and Peter Bowers. The American Fighter. Sparkford, UK: Haynes Publishing Group, 1987. ISBN 0-85429-635-2.
  • Donald, David, ed. "Standard Aircraft." Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.

External links[edit]

This page contains material originally created for Standard E-1