Standard Flying Fourteen

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Flying Standard Fourteen
Overview
Manufacturer Standard Motor Company[1]
Production 1937–1940 [2]
Assembly United Kingdom
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout FR[3]
Related Standard Twelve
Powertrain
Engine 1,776 cc (108.4 cu in) Straight-4 side-valve
Transmission
  • Four speed manual — syncromesh on 2, 3 and 4
  • needle-bearing propellor shaft to a half-floating rear axle
  • spiral bevel final drive
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 108 in (2,743 mm)
  • ’’’Track’’’ 52 in (1,321 mm)[3]
Length 173 in (4,394 mm)[3]
Width 62 in (1,575 mm)[3]
Height 63 in (1,600 mm)
Kerb weight Saloon 24 cwt, 2,688 lb (1,219 kg)[3]
Chronology
Predecessor none
Successor Standard Fourteen
Standard Fourteen
Overview
Manufacturer Standard Motor Company
Layout
Configuration Straight 4-cylinder[3]
Displacement 1,776 cc (108.4 cu in)[3]
Cylinder bore 73 mm (2.87 in)[3]
Piston stroke 106 mm (4.17 in)[3]
Cylinder head alloy aluminium detachable[4]
Valvetrain side[3]
Compression ratio 6.5[3]
Combustion
Fuel system Solex carburettor[3] mechanical fuel pump[4]
Cooling system water[3]
Output
Power output
  • 49 bhp (37 kW; 50 PS) @4,000 rpm
  • Tax horsepower 13.23[1]

The Flying Standard Fourteen is an automobile produced by the British Standard Motor Company from 1936 to 1940 announced in October 1936. The other Flying Standard models had been announced twelve months earlier.[5] A standard is a flag and the reference to flying standards is to flying flags as well as to the advertised abilities of the cars.

Bodies[edit]

The Flying Standard Fourteen was a four-door five-seat saloon with a gently tapering body. From March 1937 the same specification was also made available as a 'Touring Saloon' incorporating increased luggage accommodation for touring "and the weekend golf clubs".[6] Either body was provided on a 108-inch wheelbase with a 1,776 cc side valve four cylinder engine.[2] A catalogued drophead coupe variant was also available and in addition special coachwork by Avon was available as usual on all Standard models.[1]

The wide (53 inches) rear seating was given extra knee-room by recesses in the backs of the front seats. Luxury rear standard fittings included folding tables. Draught free ventilation came from swivelling quarter-lights. There were independent bucket seats in front with a settee type available if requested. Both seating and pedals were adjustable. The driver's steering column was telescopic. A flush-fitting sliding roof was provided. The Lucas mellotone wind-horns adjusted for town or country. The luxurious upholstery was unpleated.[1]

The conventional shield-shaped radiator casing was replaced by a chromed vertically-barred "waterfall" grille in July 1937, earlier on some other Flying Standard models.[7]

Chassis[edit]

The engine was part of a single assembly including its clutch and gearbox. This assembly was held at three points in "live rubber" with a steadying bearing forward of the flywheel.[4] Suspension was by long semi-elliptic springs at each corner of the car controlled by Luvax shock absorbers combined with a front (anti-roll) torsion bar. The chassis was mounted on large section tyres. Spare wheel and tyre were stowed in a separate compartment below the luggage locker. Permanent hydraulic jacks were built into the chassis.[1] Both springs and frame pass beneath the back axle.[4]

Road test[edit]

When on test The Times reported while the engine was not as smooth as a six-cylinder the car felt sturdy and the controls proved easy to operate. The windscreen would open out far enough to provide the driver with a direct view.[4]

Jaguar[edit]

The Fourteen's engine and transmission were used by the Jaguar 1½ Litre retrospectively known as the Jaguar Mk IV.

1937 saloon with shield grille
(12 hp illustrated)
1937 saloon
(12 hp illustrated)
1938 drophead coupé
"waterfall grille"(12 hp illustrated)
Touring Saloon
(12 hp illustrated)

Standard Ensign 1957[edit]

A new model introduced at the October 1957 Motor Show, Standard Ensign, in this case with slightly reduced equipment levels from Standard's Vanguard, was given a 1670 cc engine and a four-speed gearbox with a then popular sporting retro sturdy floor-mounted gear lever. The engine was less powerful than the Vanguard's but the car was considerably lighter and The Times regarded it as an unusually attractive car to drive recalling prewar Flying Standard Fourteens.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Standard Cars. The Times, Thursday, Sep 29, 1938; pg. 26; Issue 48112
  2. ^ a b Michael Sedgwick and Mark Gillies, A-Z of Cars of the 1930s, Bay View Books Ltd, 1993, page 186
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Cars Of To-Day. The Times, Wednesday, May 11, 1938; pg. 10; Issue 47991
  5. ^ The New "Fourteen". The Times, Wednesday, Oct 07, 1936; pg. 29; Issue 47499
  6. ^ New Car Body Styles. The Times, Friday, Mar 12, 1937; pg. 11; Issue 47631
  7. ^ The Standard Motor Co. Limited. The Times, Thursday, Jul 22, 1937; pg. 7; Issue 47743
  8. ^ Standard's Modern Version Of The Flying Fourteen. The Times, Tuesday, Nov 05, 1957; pg. 15; Issue 53990

External links[edit]