26 Broadway at Beaver St.|
Financial District of
New York City
|Owner||Newmark Knight Frank|
|Roof||158.5 m (520 ft)|
|Design and construction|
Carrère and Hastings|
Shreve, Lamb and Blake
|26 Broadway at Emporis|
26 Broadway, also known as the Standard Oil Building, is a 31-story, 520-foot-tall (160 m) landmarked office building located at Bowling Green in the Financial District of New York City. As of 2017, the structure is the 220th tallest building in New York City and the 650th tallest building in the United States. 26 Broadway was also the home address in the late 18th century of Alexander Hamilton, his wife Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, and their family.
Standard Oil's name came from the company's manufacturing standards, which preceded today's ASTM standards.
Standard Oil's first building on the site of 26 Broadway was built in 1885 to design specifications by architect Francis H. Kimball, when Standard Oil moved its headquarters from Cleveland, Ohio. It was a 10-story, 86-foot-wide (26 m) building that extended between Broadway and New Street in Manhattan. It was designed by Ebenezer L. Roberts. In 1895, six stories were added and a 27-foot-wide (8.2 m) extension was made on its north side, designed by Kimball & Thompson. After World War I, Walter C. Teagle decided to greatly expand the structure by buying all four neighboring buildings on the block.
The building was extensively overhauled and virtually rebuilt in 1921–28 by Thomas Hastings, the surviving partner of Carrère and Hastings, with Shreve, Lamb and Blake as associate architects. Hastings, who had helped design the Cunard Building (later called the Standard & Poors Building) across the street at 25 Broadway, was chosen as lead architect. The building is unusual in that its lower portion follows the curving contour of Broadway at that point, while its tower is aligned with the other nearby skyscrapers of lower Manhattan. It is one of the first buildings in Manhattan to have setbacks and is topped by a pyramid modeled on the Mausoleum of Maussollos. At the time of completion, the pyramid was the tallest tower at the southern tip of Manhattan and was illuminated as a beacon for ships entering the harbor.
Standard Oil of New Jersey (then called Esso), moved to 75 Rockefeller Plaza in 1946. The Mobil division moved to 150 East 42nd Street in 1954. Standard Oil sold the building in 1956. The building was designated as a New York City landmark in 1995.
Lower portions of the building have been used for museums: the Museum of American Finance from 1988 to 2006, and the Sports Museum of America from 2008 to 2009. Current tenants include the JDRF, Cornell University's College of Architecture, Art, and Planning, Dowling College Manhattan, Olo (Online Ordering)., and Richard R Green High School of Teaching as well as ReD Associates. A highly ranked middle school, Lower Manhattan Community School, is also based in the building. During the 1990 Census, the building held a Census District Office that administered the decennial census of Lower Manhattan.
- 26 Broadway property listings. Emporis. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- "New York City Skyscraper Diagram". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- "United State Skyscraper Diagram". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- From Alexander Hamilton to Philip Schuyler, 22 March 1801. Founders Online. retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "Landmarks Preservation Commission September 19, 1995, Designation List 266" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- Newmark Knight Frank. Emporis. Retrieved 2010-11-02. Archived April 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sandomir, Richard (May 7, 2008). "An afternoon at the (New Sports) Museum". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- "Museum of American Finance Moving to Wall Street" (PDF). November 11, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-23. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- Bird’s-eye view of NYC for Architecture, Art and Planning Cornell University Press Office; By Daniel Aloi April 9, 2015
- Contact JDRF
- Ossman, Laurie; Ewing, Heather (2011). Carrère and Hastings, The Masterworks. Rizzoli USA. ISBN 9780847835645
- Media related to 26 Broadway at Wikimedia Commons