Mauser Standardmodell

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Mauser Standardmodell carbine
TypeBolt-action rifle
Place of originWeimar Republic
Service history
Used bySee Users
WarsChinese Civil War
Chaco War
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
Spanish Civil War
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II (limited)
Production history
Designed1924
ManufacturerMauser
Produced1933–1935
Specifications
Mass3.99 kg (8.8 lb)
Length1,100 mm (43.31 in)
Barrel length600 mm (23.62 in)

Cartridge7.92×57mm Mauser
7×57mm Mauser
7.65×53mm Mauser
ActionBolt-action
Feed system5-round stripper clip, internal magazine
SightsTangent-leaf sight

The Standardmodell rifle (also known as Mauser Model 1924 or Mauser Model 1933) is a bolt-action rifle chambered for the 7.92×57mm Mauser cartridge that was developed in 1924 but entered full-scale production in 1933. Officially designed for export and German security guards, it was used by the paramilitary Sturmabteilung (SA) and Schutzstaffel (SS). Export variants were used in South America, Ethiopia, China and Iberian Peninsula. The carbine version of this rifle was almost identical with the Karabiner 98k that became the standard German service rifle during World War II.

Design[edit]

It was a derivative of the Gewehr 98 or Mauser Model 1898, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.[1] It featured combined features of the Karabiner 98AZ and Gewehr 98 versions. The barrel was only 600 mm (23.6 in)-long, comparable to the barrel of the Karabiner 98AZ. The rifle had a new iron sight line, with a tangent rear sight graduated from 100 m (109 yd) to 2,000 m (2,187 yd), with 50 m (55 yd) increments. The rear sight element could be modified to match the trajectory of the standard 7.92×57mm Mauser S Patrone spitzer bullet or the heavier s.S. Patrone boat tail spitzer bullet originally designed for aerial combat and long range machine gun use.[2]

The first version of the gun was designed in 1924.[3] It used the straight bolt handle and the bottom-mounted sling of the Gewehr 98. The rifle entered full-scale production in 1933 with a turned-down bolt and a Karabiner 98k type slot in the butt to attach the sling.[4][5] The rifle was exported in 7×57mm Mauser, 7.65×53mm Mauser and 7.92×57mm Mauser.[6] A carbine version, identical to the Karabiner 98k, was also produced.[7]

Service[edit]

The Standardmodell of 1924 was used by the SA and the SS and was exported to China and South America.[2] According to the manufacturer, the Model 1933 rifle was only sold to the Deutsche Reichspost, the German post office.[4] The rifle was named Gewehr für Deutsches Reichspost (rifle of the German Post Office).[8] Part of this production was actually purchased by Nazi organisations or by the Reichswehr.[4] The Wehrmacht, through requisitions, might have used it during World War II.[9]

Bolivia purchased the Standardmodell in the 1920s and used it in combat during the Chaco War.[10][6] Its enemy, Paraguay, fielded Standardmodell rifles bought during the 1930s.[11][12] The rifle was also ordered by Honduras.[13]

The Standardmodell saw service in China.[1] Small quantities were ordered from 1924 and 10,000 were bought in 1934 for the Chinese Tax Police.[14] It was used by the National Revolutionary Army during the Chinese Civil War[15] and the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Imperial Japanese Navy reportedly used rifles captured in China.[16] The German rifle was copied by Chinese as the Chiang Kai-shek rifle.[17] The Ethiopian Empire bought 25,000 Model 1924 and Model 1933 rifles and carbines, and fielded them during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.[18]

The Buenos Aires Police also bought Mauser Model 1933 in rifles and carbines configuration, the latter with a 550 millimetres (21.65 in) barrel. The Argentinean rifles and carbines differ from the other Standardmodells by having an extended arm on the bolt release.[19]

Both before and after the Spanish coup of July 1936, Spain bought Standardmodell rifles and carbines.[20] The German Condor Legion fighting during the Spanish Civil War also used this rifle.[5] Some of the Spanish rifles were rebarreled for the Spanish 7×57mm round.[21] At the same time, Portugal ordered Model 1933s to modernized its military forces.[22]

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ball 2011, p. 93.
  2. ^ a b Grant 2015, p. 20.
  3. ^ Grant 2015, p. 19.
  4. ^ a b c d e Grant 2015, p. 21.
  5. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 200.
  6. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 60.
  7. ^ Ball 2011, pp. 202-203.
  8. ^ Guillou 2011, p. 32.
  9. ^ Guillou 2011, p. 38.
  10. ^ Ball 2011, p. 57.
  11. ^ Ball 2011, p. 275.
  12. ^ Ball 2011, p. 279.
  13. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 241.
  14. ^ Ness & Shih 2016, p. 250.
  15. ^ Ball 2011, p. 87.
  16. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 246.
  17. ^ Ball 2011, p. 90.
  18. ^ a b Ball 2011, pp. 133-135.
  19. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 17.
  20. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 358.
  21. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 357.
  22. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 302.
  23. ^ Ball 2011, p. 61.
  24. ^ Ball 2011, p. 96.
  • Ball, Robert W. D. (2011). Mauser Military Rifles of the World. Iola: Gun Digest Books. ISBN 9781440228926.
  • Ness, Leland; Shih, Bin (July 2016). Kangzhan: Guide to Chinese Ground Forces 1937–45. Helion & Company. ISBN 9781910294420.
  • Grant, Neil (20 Mar 2015). Mauser Military Rifles. Weapon 39. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472805942.
  • Guillou, Luc (October 2011). "Le Mauser 98 DRP, précurseur du KAR.98K". Gazette des armes (in French). No. 435. pp. 34–38.