Standing but not operating

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Standing but not operating (often abbreviated SBNO) refers to an amusement park or amusement ride that still exists but is no longer operating. Reasons may include damage, pending lawsuits, lack of funding, changing location, or incidents. The status is not used to describe seasonal operation in which closure is the result of a yearly schedule.[1][2]


As of May 2016, there are at least 25 amusement parks[3] and 122 roller coasters[4] worldwide that are standing but not operating.

Cedar Fair[edit]

Cedar Fair currently owns one property, Geauga Lake in Aurora, Ohio, that is partially SBNO. Formerly known as Six Flags Worlds of Adventure, the property was acquired in 2004 and closed at the end of the 2007 season due to declining attendance. Cedar Fair closed the amusement park side of the property but kept the water park open. Many rides were transferred to other parks but several remain SBNO, including the Big Dipper. Cedar Fair has not announced future plans for remainder of the park, however, several companies have shown interest in the land.[5][6]

Merlin Entertainments[edit]

Safari Skyway, a monorail ride that opened in 1986 at Chessington World of Adventures Resort, ran for almost thirty years before closing abruptly in late July 2015. In January 2016, the park announced that the ride would be retired due to "ongoing maintenance issues".[7]

Six Flags[edit]

Six Flags New Orleans has been closed since Hurricane Katrina struck in 2005. Before the hurricane, the park's six roller coasters were fully functional.[8] Two of the roller coasters – Batman: The Ride and Road Runner Express – have since been moved to other Six Flags amusement parks.[9][10][11]

Seaworld Parks and Entertainment[edit]

Gwazi at Busch Gardens Tampa has been closed since February 1, 2015.[12] During the 2012 season, the Tiger (Blue) side of Gwazi was closed as a result of severe budget cuts, while the Lion (Yellow) side remained open.[13] However, a continuing decline of popularity and budget costs led to the ride's eventual closure in early 2015. [14]

Walt Disney Parks & Resorts[edit]

Space Mountain at Disneyland was temporarily SBNO after being voluntarily shut down after receiving Cal OSHA citations in April 2013 for inadequate fall protection.[15] In November 2012, an employee fell from Space Mountain while cleaning its exterior and suffered broken bones. Disney was fined $61,000 in relation to the incident.[16] In May 2013, the ride was reopened.[17] Also at the Disneyland Resort, the PeopleMover/Rocket Rods track still stands today, over 20 years after the PeopleMover closed and 15 years after the Rocket Rods closed. The track was last used as a highpoint for stormtroopers in the grand opening of Star Tours—The Adventures Continue.[citation needed]

In Florida, Disney's first waterpark, Disney's River Country, closed in 2001 and Disney announced in 2005 that it would not reopen. The lake surrounding Disney's River Country and Discovery Island, Bay Lake, was reportedly infested with the amoeba species Naegleria fowleri, leading to the death of at least one guest.[18]


Kentucky Kingdom had been SBNO since the end of its 2009 season, after Six Flags closed it indefinitely amid bankruptcy proceedings.[19] Former proprietor Ed Hart led efforts to reopen it and negotiated new lease terms with the Kentucky State Fair Board on January 24, 2013. It officially reopened on May 24, 2014.[20][21]

LeSourdsville Amusement Park (Americana Park) has been SBNO since 2003. Many of its rides have been relocated or demolished, including its two roller coasters: Screechin' Eagle and Serpent. Serpent was relocated to Saginaw, Michigan, in 2009 and Screechin' Eagle was demolished in 2011. The park was featured on the History Channel's Life After People: The Series.[citation needed]

Ghost Town in the Sky in Maggie Valley, North Carolina was SBNO from 2009 until it reopened for the Fourth of July weekend in 2014.[22] As of June 2016, it is again SBNO. [23]

The Hero, a flying rollercoaster at Flamingo Land Resort in North Yorkshire, England, has been SBNO since May 22, 2015, when a piece of foot rail came off a moving carriage and struck two riders in the head.[24]

Loudoun Castle is a Scottish theme park which has been SBNO since 2010, with numerous roller coasters and rides still standing at the defunct site.[citation needed]

Joyland Amusement Park in Wichita, Kansas, has been SBNO since 2006.[25] However, its roller coaster was extensively damaged by strong winds on the morning of April 3, 2015, including the destruction of large portions of elevated track, and may no longer qualify as SBNO.[26]

The Vertigorama coaster at Parque de la Ciudad was track-completed in 1983, but has no electrical systems in place. As of 2016, there are no plans to complete it.[27]

Pattaya Park in Pattaya, Chonburi Province, Thailand, has another curious example of an SBNO roller coaster in an abandoned section of their park. Their coaster, a compressed air-launched reverse freefall coaster called Formula One, has been standing since at least 1999 but has never opened.[28]


  1. ^ "LOST & ENDANGERED COASTERS SBNO". Roller Coaster Mayhem. 24 September 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Roller Coasters - Glossary". Ultimate Rollercoaster. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Marden, Duane (April 2013). "Amusement Park Search Results - SBNO". Roller Coaster Database. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Marden, Duane (April 2013). "Roller Coaster Search Results - SBNO". Roller Coaster Database. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Tye, Chris (June 1, 2015). "Meijer superstore in talks to build on Geauga Lake land". WKYC. Retrieved July 13, 2015. 
  6. ^ Bullard, Stan (May 11, 2014). "Developers are sizing up massive Geauga Lake land". Crain's Business. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Chessington: FAQs: Rides: Safari Skyway. Retrieved on January 9, 2016.
  8. ^ Marden, Duane. "Six Flags New Orleans  (Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. 
  9. ^ Marden, Duane. "Batman: The Ride  (Six Flags New Orleans)". Roller Coaster DataBase. 
  10. ^ Marden, Duane. "Road Runner Express  (Six Flags New Orleans)". Roller Coaster DataBase. 
  11. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mr. Six's DanceCoaster  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. 
  12. ^ "Busch Gardens' Gwazi Closing Forever in the New Year |". Retrieved 2015-08-31. 
  13. ^ "Busch Gardens' Gwazi roller coaster's clickety-clack goes silent (w/video)". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2015-08-31. 
  14. ^ "Goodbye, Gwazi! Busch Gardens to close dueling wooden roller coaster". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2015-08-31. 
  15. ^ "Disneyland Resort Voluntarily Closes Some Rides After Cal/OSHA Citations". 14 April 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Space Mountain remains closed at Disneyland". Associated Press. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "Space Mountain ride at Disneyland reopens after safety work". 6 May 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ Schreiner, Bruce (20 August 2012). "Push is on by state to revive Kentucky Kingdom". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  20. ^ Shafer, Sheldon S. (29 January 2013). "Ed Hart to check out Kentucky Kingdom". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  21. ^ Kington, Katherine (4 February 2013). "New staff moves in to Kentucky Kingdom". WAVE 3. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  22. ^
  23. ^ Olcsvay, Allison (2 Jun 2016). "Ghost Town announces decision to sell". Retrieved 13 June 2016. 
  24. ^ "Flamingo Land Hero: Two people hit by foot rail". BBC News. May 25, 2015. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  25. ^ "End of an era for Joyland". KSNW. May 7, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Jabara Airport reopens after powerful winds cause widespread damage in Wichita". Wichita Eagle. April 3, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2015. The main peak of the Joyland roller coaster was toppled during a storm that rolled through the Wichita area early Friday morning. 
  27. ^ Roller Coaster DataBase - Vertigorama (Parque de la Ciudad)
  28. ^ Roller Coaster DataBase - Formula One (Pattaya Park Funny Land)

Merlin Entertainments - Alton Towers

External links[edit]