Standish, Greater Manchester
The Church of St Wilfrid, Standish, from Market Place, with well in foreground.
Standish shown within Greater Manchester
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|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Standish is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is located on the A49 road between the towns of Chorley and Wigan, a short distance from Junction 27 of the M6 motorway.
Standish once had a railway station on the West Coast Main Line, but it closed in May 1949. Victoria Colliery has closed and has become a housing estate. The Church of St Wilfrid is a Grade I listed parish church, lying within the locality.
The name Standish is derived from two Old English words stan, meaning stone, and edisc, a park or enclosure. Its name has been variously recorded as Stanedis in 1206, Stanediss in 1219, Standissh, Stanedich and Stanedissh in 1292 and Standisch in 1330. Langtree was recorded as Langetre in 1206 and Longetre in 1330. A Roman road passed through the township.
Standish and Langtree were part of the Penwortham barony in the 12th century and between 1150 and 1164, Richard Bussel, Lord of Penwortham gave them to his brother-in-law Richard Spileman. In 1212 Thurstan Banastre held them and later they were held by William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, and then by 'the lords of Leylandshire'. The tenants adopted the local surnames, Standish and Langtree.
In 1896 the Wigan Coal and Iron Company owned the Broomfield, Giants Hall, Gidlow, John, Langtree, Robin Hill, Swire and Taylor Pits. The largest of these was the Langtree Pit with over 540 employees.
Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Standish emerged as a township in the Middle Ages but by the mid-19th century was united with neighbouring Langtree, as Standish-with-Langtree. The township was in the larger Standish ecclesiastical parish.
Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Standish-with-Langtree formed part of the Wigan Poor Law Union, an inter-parish unit established to administer the Poor Law which made use of premisess on Frog Lane Wigan and Hindley. Standish-with-Langtree became a local board of health established in 1872; Standish-with-Langtree Local Board of Health was a regulatory body responsible for standards of hygiene and sanitation in the township. Following the Local Government Act 1894, the area of the local board became an urban district within the administrative county of Lancashire.
Under the Local Government Act 1972, the Standish-with-Langtree Urban District was abolished, and Standish has, since 1 April 1974, formed an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, a local government district of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.
Standish lies to the south and Langtree to north of the area, Standish covering 1,696 acres, and Langtree which had two separated portions, 1,568 acres, a total of 3,264 acres. The River Douglas and Bradley Brook form the boundary on the eastern side, the Mill Brook which flows into the Douglas forms the western boundary. Standish is situated on a ridge of high land which rises to 370 feet and runs north to south across the township, near the river the land is between 120 to 160 feet. The underlying rocks are the coal measures of the Lancashire Coalfield.
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In the Market Place in front of the church is a late medieval cross, stone stocks and a 14th-century well, latterly used for washing.
- Nathaniel Eckersley (1815–1892) - Mill owner and MP. Born in Standish Hall, Standish.
- Henry Finch (1633–1704) - Presbyterian minister ejected from Church of England. Born in Standish.
- Charles Walmesley (1722–1797) - Roman Catholic Titular Bishop of Rama. Born in Langtree.
- Thomas Kershaw (1819–1898) - Pioneer in creating imitation marble. Born in Standish
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - S. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2008.
- Ekwall, Eilert (1972) . The Place-Names of Lancashire. Wakefield: EP Publishing. p. 127.
- William Farrer and J Brownbill (editors) (1911), "Standish with Langtree", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume6, Victoria County History (British History Online): 192–199, retrieved 28 November 2010
- "Standish (St Wilfred)", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online), 1848: 180–183, retrieved 28 November 2010
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- Wigan Coal & Iron Co. Ltd., Durham Mining Museum, retrieved 7 February 2011
- Workhouse, Workhouses.org, retrieved 28 November 2010
- HMSO. Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70.
- "Listed Buildings in Wigan Borough" (PDF). Retrieved 15 December 2007.
Media related to Standish, Greater Manchester at Wikimedia Commons