Stanhope Bayne-Jones

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Stanhope Bayne-Jones
Stanhope Bayne-Jones.jpg
Born(1888-11-06)November 6, 1888
New Orleans, Louisiana
DiedFebruary 20, 1970(1970-02-20) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C.
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service1915 - 1919, 1942 - 1946
RankUS-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General
Service number0-170753
Battles/warsWorld War I World War II
AwardsDistinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (3)

Stanhope Bayne-Jones (November 6, 1888 – February 20, 1970) was an American physician, bacteriologist, medical historian and a United States Army medical officer with the rank of brigadier general.

Early years[edit]

Bayne-Jones was born on November 6, 1888 in New Orleans, Louisiana[1] as the son of physician. His grandfather Joseph Jones was also a physician and served in the medical department of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. In this way, Bayne-Jones was influenced in his future career choice.[1] Bayne-Jones attended the Dixon Academy in Covington, Louisiana and then enrolled the Yale University. He graduated in 1910 with A.B. degree. Subsequently, Bayne-Jones matriculated at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland, receiving his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1914.

He became a teacher and also a researcher in the fields of bacteriology and immunology. Bayne-Jones received a commission of First Lieutenant in the Medical Reserve Corps, U.S. Army on August 7, 1915.


As a member of the United States Surgeon General's Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health, he had a significant role in the 1964 report linking smoking to cancer.[2]

Bayne-Jones was the subject of a biography in 1992.[3]

Bayne-Jones Community Hospital at the US Army's Fort Polk is named in his honor, as is a professorship at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.[2]

His papers were donated to the United States National Library of Medicine in the late 1960s.[4]

Bayne-Jones was the first master of Yale University's Trumbull College from 1932 to 1938.


Shown below is the ribbon bar of Bayne-Jones as a Brigadier general:[1][5]

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal
2nd Row Silver Star with two Oak Leaf Clusters World War I Victory Medal with four Battle Clasps Army of Occupation of Germany Medal American Campaign Medal
3rd Row World War II Victory Medal Honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom) Military Cross (United Kingdom) French Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 with Gilt star


  1. ^ a b c M.C. Leikind, Bull N Y Acad Med. 1972 April; 48(3): 584–595.
  2. ^ a b The Stanhope Bayne-Jones Collection, Repository Guide to the Personal Papers Collections of Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives Archived 2002-10-22 at the Wayback Machine Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, accessed January 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "War and Healing: Stanhope Bayne-Jones and the Maturing of American Medicine", Albert E. Cowdrey, LSU Press, 1992, ISBN 080711717X.
  4. ^ "Stanhope Bayne-Jones Papers 1852-1969". National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ "Valor awards for Stanhope Bayne-Jones". 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.

External links[edit]