|Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Poland in 1918|
25 February 1862|
Skole, Austrian Empire
|Died||14 August 1941
Kharkiv, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
|Profession||Political scientist, Politician|
Professor of Lwów University, dean of its law department (1889–1890) and the University's rector (1908–1909), he was also an activist in the Polish National Democracy movement. In 1911, from January to June he was Railway Minister in the I.R. Government for Cisleithania in Vienna led by Richard von Bienerth-Schmerling. In 1918 he was the third and last Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Poland (1916–1918) before the Kingdom's transformation into the Second Polish Republic.
In 1923 he served as Minister of Education and Religion. He was a leading member of the Popular National Union and later of the National Party, in 1919–1928 deputy to the Sejm, and in 1928–1935 deputy to the Senate.