|President of the Republic of Poland
3rd President of Poland in Exile
9 April 1972 – 24 March 1979
|Prime Minister||Alfred Urbański
|Preceded by||August Zaleski
|Succeeded by||Edward Bernard Raczyński|
|Mayor of Lwow|
|Preceded by||Wacław Drojanowski|
|Succeeded by||(Soviet occupation)|
|Born||29 October 1892
Lemberg, then Austria-Hungary
|Died||22 November 1982
|Political party||BBWR (in country)
Polish Socialist Party (exile)
Life and career
Ostrowski was born in Lemberg. His father, Michał Ostrowski, had earlier fought in the January Uprising of 1863. Stanisław Ostrowski studied medicine at Lwow University. During the Polish-Ukrainian War (battle of Lwów (1918)) and the Polish-Bolshevik War (1919–1920) Ostrowski participated as a physician with the Polish Army. Following these conflicts he became Vice Mayor, and later Mayor of Lwow. He was also a three-term member of the Sejm from the BBWR Bloc. As a legislator he focused on health affairs as well as developing a reputation of being a defender of minorities' rights.
After the Soviet invasion of Poland (1939), he was arrested and imprisoned in Moscow (until 1941). Among his fellow prisoners was Anandyn Amar, former Prime Minister and President of Mongolia. He was released from Soviet captivity as an officer of the Polish Army in the East by efforts of (commander-in-chief general Władysław Anders) in 1942.
He fought against the Germans in Italy (1944–1945). When World War II ended, he moved to England and became involved in the politics of the Polish community there, which included the Polish government in exile.
Ostrowski was the third President of Poland in exile (1972–1979). He took office after death of President August Zaleski. To begin with he had to deal with a deep crisis within the emigre circles. Zaleski, despite earlier promises, declined to step down after seven years in office (1954), which caused formation of the Council of Three, an opposition body, recognized by a part of the emigrees as a collective head of state. Ostrowski's selection was recognized by the Council, which then dissolved itself. Because of that Ostrowski is credited for uniting Polish emigree circles. He also strongly refused to acknowledge annexation of the eastern areas of the Second Polish Republic by the USSR after World War II.
As promised, President Ostrowski stepped down after a seven-years term in favor of Edward Bernard Raczyński.
Ostrowski died in London and is buried in a Polish military cemetery in Newark, along with other past Presidents in exile.
Ostrowski died without children.
|President of the Polish Republic in exile
Edward Bernard Raczyński